Alcohol and Drug Use, Abuse and Addiction A Safety and Violence Prevention Curriculum Module Three
Click on the link below to access the resource pages needed to complete this module. You will need to sign into your Google Drive account to access it. • https://docs.google.com/a/elginschools.org/file/d/0B73APt_4GQIyQWRtUE9fWG9oUEE/edit?usp=sharing
General Indicators of Distress • School work has declined; grades suddenly slip or drop dramatically • Missing school • Unexplainable, dramatic mood changes
General Indicators of Distress • Dropping out of usual activities • Changing physical appearance • Seems to have lost motivation
General Indicators of Distress • Depressed or anxious • Forgetful • A change in sleeping habits (sleeping in class, seems overtired) • DON’T let kids fall through the cracks – “Under-achievers” might slip into self-destructive behaviors without anyone noticing.
Warning Signs of Alcohol and Drug Use According to the Centers for Disease Control and the National Adolescent Substance Abuse database, these additional signs might include: • Friends suddenly changing • Money or valuables missing from others’ purses, lockers, desks or homes • Furtive or secretive behavior (e.g., student locking bedroom door and responding slowly when called) • Hostile, aggressive outbursts • Smell of alcohol or marijuana on breath or body
Warning Signs of Alcohol and Drug Use • Show negative, argumentative, paranoid, confused, destructive or anxious behavior • Overreact to criticism • Act rebelliously • Are excessively tired or hyperactive • Show drastic weight loss or gain • Always need money, or have excessive amounts of money • SMOKE tobacco
Connections Between Alcohol, Drugs And Suicide Adolescent tobacco users are more likely than nonusers to: • Also use alcohol and illegal drugs; • Get in fights, carry weapons; • Attempt suicide;and • Engage in high-risk sexual behaviors. (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC); Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance – United States, 2003). Adolescent smokers are three timesmore likely to use alcohol than adolescents who do not smoke. (National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA), Alcohol Alerts: Alcohol and Tobacco [January 1998]).
Connections Between Alcohol, Drugs And Suicide • Teens with alcohol and drug problems are also more at risk for suicidal thinking and behavior. Alcohol and some drugs have depressive effects on the brain; these substances can bring on serious depression. • Youth who are already struggling with depression can get worse if they turn to alcohol or drugs as an escape: alcohol and drugs intensify depression. • In addition to their depressive effects, alcohol and drugs alter aperson's judgment, interfering with the ability to assess risk, make good choices and think of solutions to problems.
Some Facts • Approximately 90%of teens who use drugs also exhibit other risky behaviors (e.g., fighting, carrying weapons and having unsafe sex). • According to the CDC, 74.3%of high school seniors nationally report having at least one drink of alcohol on one or more days. In Ohio, the percentage was 76.5%. (2005 Youth Risk Behavior Survey)
Some Facts • When people drink before age 15, they are four times more likely to become dependent on alcohol as adults than those who wait until age 21. • Adolescents who abuse alcohol may remember 10% less than their non-drinking peers.
Some Facts • Reaction time for motor skills needed for such things as driving is reduced by 41% after a person has smoked one marijuana joint and by 63% after smoking two joints. • Alcohol advertising encourages 56% of students in grades 5 to 12 to drink.
Some Facts • Of the 15 million Americans dependent on alcohol, 500,000 of them are between the ages of 9 and 12. • As of 2005 (the most recent data available): the percentage of kids ages 12-17: • Using drugs: 9.9% • Using marijuana: 6.8% • Reporting binge drinking: 9.9% • Reporting current alcohol use:16.5% (Youth Risk Behavior Survey) • All of these rates have decreased in recent years, reflecting the importance of prevention and early intervention efforts.
Some Facts The attitudes of parents and the community about alcohol have a great influence on students’ attitudes about alcohol.
Some Facts • Teenagers whose parents talk to them regularly about the dangers of drugs are 42% less likely to use drugs than those whose parents don't talk with them; • Yet only 1 in 4 teens reports having these conversations.
Role of School Professionals Identify Reach Out Refer
Identify • You are not being asked to diagnose your students. • Simply NOTICE if one of your students is exhibiting multiplewarning signs. • You are looking for patterns of behavior, not one or two isolated signs.
Reach Out • Underlying message:I CARE. • Examples: • Are you OK? • Is there anything I can do to help? • Do you have someone to talk to? • Would you like to talk?
Refer • Know who to contact. • Know your in-school resources: • School counselor • School social worker • School nurse • Know your school’s procedures for referrals. • Know your school’s policies on tobacco and substance use.
Refer Community Resources
Practice • You are in the hallway, and Michelle walks by. She looks bedraggled and disheveled, when normally she seems very together. • Her face is slack, she seems to be sweating in spite of the cool weather, and her reaction time is very slow. She may be feverish, but she may also be high. • What will you say to her? What will you do?
Practice • One of your students is alone after school until his Mom gets home. • You have noticed a steady decline in his grades, and he is no longer turning in homework. • He sleeps in class a lot now, and seems disoriented when he wakes up. • What will you say to him? What will you do?
Personal Reflection • In the preceding slides, how many of you thought about parental use, abuse or addiction? • What would be different, and what would be the same, if the problem was the parents? • Important: Your response would be the same in either case.
Resources Internet Books Community agencies
Substance Abuse and Violence • Strong documented connection between substance use/abuse/addiction and violence to self and others. • Next module: • Violence against children
Click on the link below to access the Google Drive survey. You will need to sign into your Elgin Local Schools account. • https://docs.google.com/a/elginschools.org/forms/d/1dROyTMmFk2IJhWOs3O0lVpClNvAaFgOeL6ttffHDwok/viewform
education.ohio.gov For More Information
@OHEducation ohio-department-of-education OhioEdDept Ohio Teachers’ Homeroom