The State, the Unions, and the Fairer Sex: - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

the state the unions and the fairer sex n.
Download
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
The State, the Unions, and the Fairer Sex: PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
The State, the Unions, and the Fairer Sex:

play fullscreen
1 / 68
The State, the Unions, and the Fairer Sex:
114 Views
Download Presentation
alec-mccullough
Download Presentation

The State, the Unions, and the Fairer Sex:

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript

  1. The State, the Unions, and the Fairer Sex: The Twentieth Century American Economy

  2. Today’s Plan • Setting the Stage • The New Century • The Roaring ’20s • A New Deal • Cold War Prosperity • The Second Shift • Malaise and Morning • Legacy

  3. Our Focus • The Government • Including (especially) the legal regime • Labor • Organized and otherwise • Women • Their role in the economy

  4. Setting the Stage

  5. The Law • Autonomous Individuals • Liberty of Contract • So no regulation • Freedom of Trade • So no outside interference • Court injunctions against picketing, etc. • The Lochner Era

  6. The Octopus

  7. The Plight of (Southern) Farmers Sharecropping Falling (and unstable) cotton prices Railroad and interest rates Anti-Trust Law Railroad Reg.

  8. Labor and Women The Pullman Strike Eugene V. Debs Retrenchment Labor: Samuel Gompers American Federation of Labor (AFL) Suffrage: Carrie Chapman Catt National American Woman Suffrage Association

  9. The New Century

  10. 1900 Occupations

  11. 1900 Occupations

  12. 1900 Occupations

  13. James Duval Phelan • Mayor of San Francisco • 1901 Challenges • Carnegie Gift • San Francisco Waterfront Strike

  14. Urban Unrest Los Angeles Times Bombing (1910) • 20 Dead, 17 Injured

  15. Industrial Disasters • Triangle Fire (1911) • Triangle Shirtwaist Company • 146 Dead

  16. Women Workers

  17. Fordism

  18. Progressive Constitution • 16th Amendment: Income Tax • 19th Amendment: Women’s Suffrage • Maternalist Welfare v. Liberty of Contract

  19. Theodore (Teddy) Roosevelt • “Trust-Buster” • Railroad Regulation • Pure Food and Drug Act, Meat Inspection Act • New Nationalism

  20. Eugene V. Debs “While there is a lower class, I am in it,… while there is a soul in prison, I am not free.” • Reform Socialism • Gov’t Control of RR, Banks • Unemployment & Min. Wage • Education • Populist & Labor Communities

  21. Wilson’s Economic Policy • Lower Tarriff, Gov’t Loans for Farmers • Protecting unions from anti-trust laws • New Freedom

  22. Wilson’s Big Government • WWI • Espionage and Sedition Acts • Debs in jail, again • Red Scare • Crippling Labor

  23. Roaring ’20s

  24. “Silent Cal” Coolidge“The chief business of the American people is business” • Return to “normalcy” • Welfare Capitalism • The American Plan

  25. ERA Debate Document 1 • What strikes you? • What surprises you? • What puzzles you? • What connections do you see to other historical events/documents?

  26. A New Deal

  27. First New Deal Emergency Banking Act Glass-Steagall Act “Alphabet Soup” of Keynesian Economics FDIC, NRA, CCC, TVA, AAA, FHA, SEC, etc.

  28. Second New Deal Economic Security Wagner Act Social Security Act Holes in the Safety Net Domestic & Agricultural Workers Southern Veto

  29. The Supreme Court Objects • Interstate Commerce Clause (A1,S8,C3) • “To regulate Commerce with foreign Nations, and among the several States, and with the Indian Tribes;” • Court Fight/Packing • Economic Recovery/Security trumps Liberty of Contract • In economic rights, class trumps individual

  30. The New Deal and the Unions • Congress of Industrial Organizations (CIO) • United Auto Workers (UAW) • National Labor Relations Board (NLRB) • “The President Wants You to Organize!”

  31. Women

  32. Modern Liberalism Balancing Cultural Pluralism/Civil Liberties Socially Conscious State/Economic Planning

  33. Cold War Prosperity

  34. Global U.S. Economy Military Keynesianism Dollar as the Global Benchmark Currency Economic Dominance Replaced Colonial Dominance

  35. “Godless Communism” An offense to America’s religious ideals As a “Christian Nation” The second of the Four Freedoms A challenge to Free Enterprise “socialized”

  36. 1950s Consensus • Modern Republicanism • Moderated expansion of New Deal • Consensus • Individualism • Private Property • Defense Spending

  37. The Kitchen Debate • American Exhibition in Moscow • Richard Nixon & Nikita Khrushchev • Consumer Freedom and the People’s Capitalism

  38. The Freeway System

  39. Suburbanization • Federal Housing Administration • G.I. Bill • Defense Spending • Freeway

  40. Family • Women/Housewives • Cold War Weapon • Center of: • Consumption • Leisure • Sexual Pleasure

  41. Turning the Tide on Labor • Post-WWII Unionism • 1955 AFL-CIO Merger • Slowing growth from 1950-1970 • Taft-Hartley • Right-to-Work movement

  42. Ronald Reagan • New Deal Democrat • Actor/Spokesperson • FDR, Army, Truman • Union Leader • SAG • Liberal Anti-Communist • G.E. Spokesman • Value of business • Limited government, anti-tax message

  43. Young Americans for Freedom Document 2 • What strikes you? • What surprises you? • What puzzles you? • What connections do you see to other historical events/documents?

  44. The Second Shift

  45. The Great Society Speech at Howard University Medicaid & Medicare Cabinet-Level Positions The War on Poverty Food Stamps & Job Training

  46. Second Wave Feminism • Betty Friedan’s The Feminine Mystique • Equal Pay Act • Civil Rights Act of 1964 • Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC)

  47. Percent of Women in the Labor Wage Force

  48. Percent of Married Women in the Wage Labor Force