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Trends in British Emigration : What do the official data show?. Pamela Dent and Joanna Wroe Migration Statistics Unit Population Statistics Division. Presentation Outline. Who is an emigrant, according to which official data? What are the latest trends in British emigration?

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Trends in british emigration what do the official data show

Trends in British Emigration: What do the official data show?

Pamela Dent and Joanna Wroe

Migration Statistics Unit

Population Statistics Division


Presentation outline
Presentation Outline

  • Who is an emigrant, according to which official data?

  • What are the latest trends in British emigration?

    • Who is emigrating?

    • Why are they emigrating?

    • Where are they emigrating to?

  • What about Brits coming (back) to the UK?

  • Summary and questions


Who is an emigrant the un definition
Who is an emigrant – the UN Definition

‘A person who moves to a country other than that of his or her usual residence for a period of at least a year (12 months), so that the country of destination effectively becomes his or her new country of usual residence. From the perspective of the country of departure the person will be a long-term emigrant and from that of the country of arrival the person will be a long-term immigrant.’

United Nations (1998)


Which official data
Which official data?

  • International Passenger Survey (IPS)

  • Long-Term International Migration (LTIM) estimates; around 90% IPS data but with additional data for:

    • Asylum Seekers (Home Office)

    • Cross border flows into and out of Northern Ireland (Northern Ireland Statistics and Research Agency, NISRA)

    • Those who change their intentions

  • Other sources of official emigration data include:

    • Eurostat

    • OECD


Trends in emigration over the decades
Trends in emigration over the decades

http://www.ons.gov.uk/ons/interactive/theme-pages-1-1/index.html


What are the latest trends in british emigration
What are the latest trends in British emigration?

Long-term international migration estimates of British citizens, UK, 2003–2012

Source: Long-term International Migration – Office for National Statistics

Please note that LTIM data for 2012 are provisional


Comparing british and non british citizens
Comparing British and Non-British Citizens

Source: Long-term International Migration – Office for National Statistics

Please note that LTIM data for 2012 are provisional


Emigration of british citizens from the uk by age group 2001 to 2011
Emigration of British citizens from the UK by age group, 2001 to 2011

Source: International Passenger Survey – Office for National Statistics


Reasons for emigration
Reasons for Emigration 2001 to 2011

  • Work-related reasons (including ‘definite job’ and ‘looking for work’)

  • Accompany/join

  • Formal study

  • Other

  • No reason stated


Main reason for emigration british citizens 2002 to 2012
Main reason for emigration, British citizens, 2002 to 2012 2001 to 2011

Source: International Passenger Survey – Office for National Statistics


Where are british emigrants going to
Where are British emigrants going to? 2001 to 2011

Source: International Passenger Survey – Office for National Statistics


Where do emigrants leave from
Where do emigrants leave from? 2001 to 2011

British emigrants by area of origin within the UK, 2007-2011

Source: International Passenger Survey – Office for National Statistics


British nationals coming to the uk
British nationals coming to the UK 2001 to 2011

Source: Long-term International Migration – Office for National Statistics

Please note that LTIM data for 2012 are provisional


British nationals coming to the uk by age group
British nationals coming to the UK by age group 2001 to 2011

Source: International Passenger Survey – Office for National Statistics


Where have british nationals come to the uk from
Where have British nationals come to the UK from? 2001 to 2011

Source: International Passenger Survey – Office for National Statistics


In summary the official data show
In summary, the official data show: 2001 to 2011

  • 144,000 Brits emigrated from the UK in 2012

  • Emigration of Brits has decreased since peaking at 207,000 in 2006

  • Most common age to emigrate is 25-44

  • Most common reason to emigrate is having a definite job to go to

  • Australia is the most popular country to emigrate to – and has been since 1985