Semantics: Representations and Analyses. What kinds of meaning do we want to capture?. Categories/entities IBM, Jane, a black cat, Pres. Bush Events running a mile, AS elected governor of CA Time Oct 30, next week, in 2 years Aspect
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and state of affairs in some world
ofarguments verbs take
George assassinated the senator.
*The spider assassinated the fly.
assassinate: intentional (political?) killing
kibble(x) likes(Huey,x) “Huey likes kibble”
cat(Vera) ^ odd(Vera) “Vera is an odd cat”
sleeping(Huey) v eating(Huey) “Huey either is sleeping or eating”
Mary got married and had a baby. And then…
Your money or your life!
If you go, I’ll meet you there.
She was happy but ignorant.
“small building” v. “small child”
idiom, metaphor, metonymy
“The stock market surged at the start of the day” v. “The stock market opened high”
Last year Martha Stewart was happy but soon she will be in prison.
George is eating a sandwich.
George had eaten a sandwich (when he realized…)
E – R – U
George will eat a sandwich.
--U,R – E
While George was eating a sandwich his mother arrived.
--E,R – U
I am hungry.
I am eating.
I ate dinner.
I got the bill.
George imagined that he could dance.
George believed that he could dance.