The European Union in 1985 - 2004 - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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The European Union in 1985 - 2004

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  1. The European Unionin 1985 - 2004

  2. Features of the period • Stagnation is over • New stage of integration • New political situation in Europe and in the world

  3. Treaties • The Single European Act - 1986 • The Maastricht treaty (Treaty on the European Union) – 1992 • The Amsterdam treaty - 1997 • The Nice treaty – 2000 • The Constitutional treaty – 2004

  4. The Single European Act • The single biggest market and trading unit in the world • New policies: environment, R&D, regional. • New powers to the Court of Justice and created the Court of First instance • Legal status to the meetings of heads of government (European Council)

  5. The Maastricht Treaty • The new name of the Communities • The three “pillars” • EMU timetable (J.Delors in 1989) • New areas: consumer protection, public health, transport, education, social. • Immigration and asylum greater cooper. • EU citizenship (to live & vote: local, EP) • New powers to the EP: co-decision procedure.

  6. The first pillar • Economic community • Coal and steel community • Atomic energy community

  7. Intergovernmental cooperation • The second pillar: Common foreign and security policy - CFSP • The third pillar: home affairs and justice

  8. The Amsterdam Treaty • Strengthened the CFSP • Shengen acquis – in the treaty • Democracy, human rights and fight against terrorism. • New powers to the EP

  9. The Nice Treaty • New procedures of taking decisions by qualified majority. • Votes in the EU institutions after the enlargement. • New powers to the EP.

  10. Double majority

  11. The Constitution • Definition and objectives of the Union • Fundamental rights and citizenship • Union competences • Institutions and bodies • Exercise of the union competence • The democratic life of the EU • The Union’s finances • The Union membership

  12. Areas of external policy • New Mediterranean policy 1990, 1995 • Latin America 1995, 1999 (Rio de Janeiro) • Contonou (Benin) agreement 2000 • PCA – Russia (1994) and CIS • New Eastern policy: European agreements 1991, negotiations 1998, accession treaties 2003. • Transatlantic agenda - 1995

  13. The EU Enlargements • UK, Ireland and Denmark – 1971 • Greece – 1981 • Spain and Portugal – 1986 • Austria, Finland and Sweden – 1995 • Ten Eastern and Central European states – 2004 • Bulgaria, Romania, Croatia – 2007 • Turkey - ?

  14. Population and GDP

  15. EU in the world, 2003