slide1 n.
Download
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
Essay Writing Student Learning Advisory Service Gina May PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
Essay Writing Student Learning Advisory Service Gina May

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 33

Essay Writing Student Learning Advisory Service Gina May - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 95 Views
  • Uploaded on

Essay Writing Student Learning Advisory Service Gina May. Why Write Essays?. Development Feedback Revision Material. The Five Stages. Interpretation Research Planning Writing Editing and Proofreading . Why Plan?. Keep arguments relevant Argue clearly and consistently

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Essay Writing Student Learning Advisory Service Gina May' - alda


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
slide1

Essay Writing

Student Learning Advisory Service

Gina May

why write essays
Why Write Essays?
  • Development
  • Feedback
  • Revision Material
the five stages
The Five Stages
  • Interpretation
  • Research
  • Planning
  • Writing
  • Editing and Proofreading
why plan
Why Plan?
  • Keep arguments relevant
  • Argue clearly and consistently
  • Present sufficient evidence
  • Nothing omitted
  • Communicate ideas accurately

Dangers of not having a plan …

Information presented inconsistently

Material considered as irrelevant

plan to
Plan to …
  • Avoid irrelevancies
  • Reveal the structure
  • Work towards a high mark
  • Analyse the key concepts
introduction
Introduction
  • Introduce the subject and the thesis
    • Presents facts
    • Gives them meaning
    • Makes argument readily accessible
    • Helps the reader

An essay is NOT:

A murder mystery – unexpected twists and turns

An action movie – not knowing where it will end

Love letter – sentimental and starry-eyed

writing an introduction
Writing an Introduction
  • Make it substantial
    • A clear idea of your purpose
    • Show where essay is headed
    • Include the theme and general facts
    • The general conclusion
example
Example

‘Discuss the role of women over the centuries.’

The role of women has changed over the centuries, and it has also differed from civilization to civilization. Some societies have treated women much like property, while others have allowed women to have great influence and power.

Variable treatment of women in Ancient Egypt, Classical Greece, Medieval France, early Islamic civilisation.

Political, social and economic roles of women in western cultures.

slide9

The role of women <in Western society> has changed <dramatically> over the centuries, <from the repression of ancient Greece to the relative freedom of women living in Medieval France. The treatment of women> has also differed from civilization to civilization <even at the same period in history>. Some societies <such as Islamic ones> have treated women much like property, while others <like ancient Egypt> have allowed women to have great influence and power. <This paper will trace the development of women's rights and powers from ancient Egypt to late medieval France and explore their changing political, social and economic situation through time. All the various means women have used to assert themselves show the different ways they have fought against repression and established themselves in authority.>

paragraphs
Paragraphs
  • The building blocks of an essay
  • Contains one main idea
  • Show the relationship between the information and the main thesis
  • Build upon each other to form the argument
each sentence of the paragraph should be
Each sentence of the paragraph should be …
  • Unified with the controlling idea
  • Clearly related to the thesis
  • Coherent and logically arranged
  • Supported by evidence
types of paragraphs
Types of Paragraphs
  • Narration: Go chronologically, from start to finish

One North Carolina man found quite a surprise last year while fishing in the Catawba River: a piranha. Jerry Melton, of Gastonia, reeled in a one pound, four ounce fish with an unusual bite. Melton could not identify it, but a nearby fisherman did. Melton at first could not believe he had caught a piranha. He said, “That ain’t no piranha. They ain’t got piranha around here.” Melton was right: the fish is native to South America, and North Carolina prohibits owning the fish as a pet or introducing the species to local waterways. The sharp-toothed, carnivorous fish likely found itself in the Catawba River when its illegal owner released the fish after growing tired of it. Wildlife officials hope that the piranha was the only of its kind in the river, but locals are thinking twice before they wade in the water.

slide13

Description: Provide specific details about what something looks, smells, tastes, sounds, or feels like.

Piranha are omnivorous, freshwater fish, which are mostly known for their single row of sharp, triangular teeth in both jaws. Piranhas’ teeth come together in a scissor-like bite and are used for puncture and tearing. Baby piranha are small, about the size of a thumbnail, but full-grown piranha grow up to about 6-10 inches, and some individual fish up to 2 feet long have been found. The many species of piranha vary in colour, though most are either silvery with an orange underbelly and throat or almost entirely black.

slide14

Process: Explain how something works, step by step

You can safely swim with piranhas, but it’s important to know how and when to do it. First, chose an appropriate time, preferably at night and during the rainy season. Avoid piranha-infested waters during the dry season, when food supplies are low and piranhas are more desperate. Piranhas feed during the day, so night-time swimming is much safer. Second, streamline your movement. Wild or erratic activity attracts the attention of piranhas. Swim slowly and smoothly. Finally, never enter the water with an open wound or raw meat. Piranhas attack larger animals only when they are wounded. The presence of blood in the water may tempt the fish to attack. If you follow these simple precautions, you will have little to fear

other types of paragraph
Other types of paragraph
  • Classification:
    • Separate into groups or explain the various parts of a topic
  • Illustration:
    • Give examples and explain how those examples prove your point.
5 steps to a paragraph
5 Steps to a Paragraph
  • Decide on a controlling idea and create a topic sentence
  • Explain the controlling idea
  • Give an example(s)
  • Explain the example(s)
  • Complete the idea, or create transition
troubleshooting
Troubleshooting:

Piranhas rarely feed on large animals; they eat smaller fish and aquatic plants. When confronted with humans, piranhas’ first instinct is to flee, not attack. Their fear of humans makes sense. Far more piranhas are eaten by people than people are eaten by piranhas. If the fish are well-fed, they won’t bite humans.

Although most people consider piranhas to be quite dangerous, they are, for the most part, entirely harmless. Piranhas rarely feed on large animals; they eat smaller fish and aquatic plants. When confronted with humans, piranhas’ first instinct is to flee, not attack. Their fear of humans makes sense. Far more piranhas are eaten by people than people are eaten by piranhas. If the fish are well-fed, they won’t bite humans.

slide18

topic (or controlling idea)

evidence

relationship to the broader argument

conclusion
Conclusion
  • Completes the frame around the argument
  • Demonstrates the importance of the argument
  • Give a good impression
  • End on a positive note

Maybe:

Consider broader issues

make new connections

elaborate on the significance of findings

strategies
Strategies
  • Consider - ‘so what?’, ‘why should anybody care?’
  • Return to the theme in the introduction
  • Use key words or parallel concepts to introduction
  • Synthesize – DON’T summarise
  • Include provocative insight or quotation
  • Propose: course of action, solution to an issue, questions for further study
  • Point to broader issues
avoid
Avoid …
  • Unnecessary, over-used phrases:
    • in conclusion
    • in summary
    • in closing
  • Introducing new ideas or subtopic
  • Rephrase the introduction
  • Sentimentality
  • Additional evidence
editing and proofreading
Editing and Proofreading
  • Distance yourself from the text
  • Change the look of the document
  • Avoid distractions
slide23

PARIS

IN THE

THE SPRING

slide25

ONCE

IN A

A LIFETIME

slide27

BIRD

IN THE

THE HAND

editing
Editing
  • Check:
    • Smooth transitions between paragraphs
    • Evidence supports your case
    • Organisation
  • Have you:
    • Answered the question
    • Made an argument
    • Made consistent claims
    • Given enough evidence
    • Stayed relevant
checking the overall structure
Checking the Overall Structure
  • Does the essay:
    • Have an introduction and conclusion
    • Clearly state the thesis in introduction
    • Show how each paragraph is related to the thesis
    • Have paragraphs in a logical sequence
    • Have clear transitions between paragraphs
structure within paragraphs
Structure within paragraphs
  • Does each paragraph:
    • Have a clear topic sentence
    • Stick to one main idea
    • Have any extraneous or missing sentences
  • Clarity:
    • Important terms defined?
    • Meaning of each sentence clear?
    • Correct diction?
    • Clarity of pronouns? (he, she, it, they, who etc)
    • Chose correct words?
also check
Also check …
  • Style
  • Citations
  • Proofread:
    • Spelling, grammar, punctuation
    • DO NOT rely on spell-checkers
    • DO NOT rely on grammar-checkers
    • Read out loud, slowly
finally
Finally …
  • Submit essay

RELAX!!!