Fashion Illustration Midterm Review Packet. Line: the distance between two points. We talked about many different types of line. Be able to recognize picture examples of each type. Lines come in a variety of types… Outlines Contour lines Cross contour Gesture lines
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Line: the distance between two points.We talked about many different types of line. Be able to recognize picture examples of each type. • Lines come in a variety of types… • Outlines • Contour lines • Cross contour • Gesture lines • Calligraphic lines • Implied lines
Contour LinesLines that describe the shape of an object and the interior detail.
Cross Contour Lines Cross contour lines are drawn lines which travel, as the name suggests, across the form. Cross contours may be horizontal or vertical, or both. Often, in more complex forms, cross-contours will be drawn at varying angles.
Gesture Lines- Line that are energetic and catches the movement and gestures of an active figure.
A mood board is a tool used by designers to help them get a good idea of what their clients are looking for. Mood boards are basically collages of items such as photographs, sketches, clippings, fabric swatches and color samples. A mood board can be actual or virtual. A mood board is used by many different types of designers such as those in fashion and interior design.
Calligraphic Lineisflowingandvaries in thickness – moving from thin to fat in a graceful way
ImpliedLineLines that are not really drawn but that you perceive as being there
The drawn fashion figure iscalled a Croquis The adult human form is 8 heads Tall. The drawn fashion figure is usually 10-12 Heads Tall
Foreshortening To shorten the lines of a figure in a drawing to produce an illusion of projection or extension in space. For Example – In this drawing the arm appears shorter to give the impression that it is sticking out in front of the body. You will see this exact drawing on the midterm!
REALISTICPROPORTIONThis drawing is very detailed. The proportions are accurate.You will see this exact image on the midterm and will need to recognize it as a REALISTIC PROPORTION DRAWING
DISTORTED PROPORTIONELONGATED PROPORTIONThis figure is really elongated to enhance the style of the dress
DISTORTED PROPORTION Enlarging a feature for emphasisThere isn’t a lot of detail in this drawing but the head was drawn bigger for emphasis
Linen • cloth woven from flax. • The earliest records of an established linen industry are 4,000 years old, from Egypt. Interesting Note: When the tomb of the Pharaoh Ramses II, who died 1213 BC, was discovered in 1881, the linen wrappings were in a state of perfect preservation after more than 3000 years. When the tomb of Tutankhamen was opened, the linen curtains were found to be intact.
Sheath In fashion, a sheath dress is a type of dress designed to fit close to the body, relatively unadorned. A sheath dress typically falls around the knees or lower thighs.
Tunic THEN -a loose garment, typically sleeveless and reaching to the wearer's knees, as worn in ancient Greece and Rome. NOW - A tunic is a loose-fitting shirt that looks sort of like a long shirt or a short dress.
Toga • a loose flowing outer garment worn by the citizens of ancient Rome, made of a single piece of cloth and covering the whole body apart from the right arm. Megan Fox in a toga-inspired Kaufman Franco design.
Nefertiti 14th century b.c. • Queen of Egypt as the wife of Akhenaton Nefertiti is known for her beauty. She remains renowned for her beauty after her death and during her life as a queen.
This plant is known to be associated with rebirth. This is a consequence of it supposedly retracting into the water at night and emerging again fresh in the Sun the next day. The Egyptians therefore associated the lotus flower with the sun which also disappeared in the night, only to re-emerge in the morning. Therefore the lotus came to symbolize the Sun and the creation. Lotus This Egyptian artwork shows the Priest Nebsini holding a blue lotus flower
Scarab • Scarabs were popular amulets (good luck charms) in ancient Egypt. • They were generally intended to be worn or carried by the living. They were typically carved or molded in the form of a scarab beetle Egyptian style opal inlay pendant
Egyptomania • Egyptomania was the renewed interest in ancient Egypt during the nineteenth century as a result of Napoleon’s Egyptian Campaign (1798–1801) The famous Obelisk (Washington Monument) in Washington, D.C
Veils The well-bred lady wore a veil in public for the most of the medieval period. It was shocking for a grown woman to display the hair- which was seen as a lure to good men. Veils worn by the wealthier and more fashionable were pinned in many overlapping layers, as shown in this painting. It is unclear why such a fashion developed. It seems that veils could be made from a variety of fabrics in the middle ages- ranging from fine opaque linens to gauzy barely-there silks. For the poorer woman, thick wool was both a practical and warm option to provide protection from the elements.
Wimples And Gorgets gorget — square of fabric draped under the chin to cover neck (often accompanying the wimple) A gorget covers the neck alone and was usually draped upwards and tucked into either a head-dress or styled hair.
Wimples A wimple is a garment worn around the neck and chin, and which usually covers the head. It appears there is no one standard size or shape to the wimple other than it passes under the chin and over the neck. It can be a rectangular piece which wraps around the head and neck or a circular piece with a hole cut for the face. There seems to be no one correct way. Some appear to be scanty and other quite voluminous depending on the time period. The most modest way to wear a wimple was over the chin, not under it.
Hennin a cone shaped hat, sometimes extremely high, with a flowing veil or piece of Starched Linen about the crown, worn by women in the 15th century. These were worn more in France and were rare in England.
cotehardie a close-fitting outer garment with long sleeves hip-length for men and full-length for women, often laced or buttoned down the front or back.
Surcoat A surcoat was an outer garment commonly worn in the Middle Ages by both men and women. It can either refer to a coat worn over other garments or a loose dress usually of rich material
Houppelande • The houppelande was a thick, heavy outer gown, lined with fur, worn over a slim fitting tunic and chemise. By the early fifteenth century it had developed a long train, large turned-back collar and lavishly long sleeves.
Dalmation sleeves large, voluminous sleeves
Dagged Edges a decorative edge that was commonly used to distinguish and beautify the clothing of the Medieval Period one of a series of decorative scallops or foliations (leaf shapes) along the edge of a garment, cloth, etc.
Ruching A sewing technique. Ruching is a French term which means to gather, ruffle, or pleat. Ruching is the technique in which fabric or ribbon is gathered in a repeating pattern to form ruffles, scallops, or petals.
Watercolor TechniquesBe able to recognize what technique these images are
Watercolor Techniques • Wet-in-Wet -A faded, blurry look achieved by applying paint to an area where there is still wet paint. • Resist - the use of oil pastel to draw an image before applying paint. • Even Wash - Even horizontal brush strokes of the same color across an entire area • Sponge - Applying paint with paper towel or a sponge • Sea Salt - Sprinkling salt onto wet paint and removing when dry • Blotting -The use of a paper towel or sponge to remove recently added wet paint. • Gradual Wash - Intense color that evenly blends to a lighter hue. • Plastic Wrap - Placing a crumbled material on top of wet paint to create a textured look • Dry Brush - Adding paint to an area with very little water on the brush • Cardboard - Dragging paint on the paper with a hard edged tool to make designs
Illustrator Tool Bar Selection Tool Pen Tool Line Tool Rotate Tool Eye Dropper Fill Tool Direct Selection Tool Type Tool Shape Tool Pen Tool Eraser Tool Stroke Fill Tool