the wizard of oz
Skip this Video
Download Presentation
The Wizard of Oz

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 24

The Wizard of Oz - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

  • Uploaded on

The Wizard of Oz. “A Parable on Populism”. L. Frank Baum. Born in 1856 to a wealthy family in Pennsylvania. 1888- Moves with wife to South Dakota to open a store. Business fails due to bad credit. 1891- Moves to Chicago to work for the Evening Post.

I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'The Wizard of Oz' - albina

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
the wizard of oz

The Wizard of Oz

“A Parable on Populism”

l frank baum
L. Frank Baum
  • Born in 1856 to a wealthy family in Pennsylvania.
  • 1888- Moves with wife to South Dakota to open a store.
    • Business fails due to bad credit.
  • 1891- Moves to Chicago to work for the Evening Post.
  • 1900- Along with illustrator W.W. Denslow, writes a “modern fairy tale.”
    • The Wonderful Wizard of Oz.
  • Goes on to write 13 other novels about the land of Oz.
baum s politics
Baum’s Politics
  • Supported William Jennings Bryan in 1896.
    • Marched in the torchlight parades.
  • Wrote a poem for William McKinley in 1896.
  • Gave a speech to the Democrats against the Republicans.
    • The next night gave a speech to the Republicans against the Democrats.
  • What was Baum’s politics?
    • Relatively unknown!!
the money supply
The Money Supply
  • The total amount of currency (paper and coin) in circulation.
  • 1933- U.S. went to a fiat-money system.
    • The dollar only has value because people give it value.
the bi metallic standard
The Bimetallic Standard
  • Mint Act of 1792- the basic monetary system in the U.S. would be gold and silver coins.
    • Silver coins- 371.25 grains of pure silver
    • Gold coins- 24.75 grains of pure gold.
    • 15:1 ratio.
  • 1834- ratio was raised to 16:1.
the gold standard
The Gold Standard
  • Gold becomes very plentiful in 1849.
  • Coinage Act of 1873- Silver taken off the list of coins due to its unpopularity.
  • 1875- Congress orders all Civil War greenbacks to be redeemed in Gold.
  • American unofficially goes on the Gold Standard.
the silver standard
The Silver Standard
  • 1870’s- Silver producing states in the West (Nevada, Montana, Idaho) demand a return of silver to circulation at the 16:1 ratio.
  • Sherman Silver Purchase Act of 1890- Congress purchases silver for coinage.
  • Panic of 1893 is blamed on the Gold Standard.
  • Populist Party joins the silver crusade.
farming in america
Farming in America
  • Farming is the #1 industry in the 1870’s.
  • Drought, falling prices, and railroad monopolies place an economic strain on the farmers.
the national grange
The National Grange
  • Formed in 1867.
  • Militant organization of farmers against the railroads and monopolies.
  • Distrustful of banks and metal coins.
  • Want to go to greenback currency whose value was controlled by the government.
the populist party
The Populist Party
  • Created in the 1890’s by ex-Greenback Party members.
  • Omaha Platform
    • Establish a paper money system controlled by the government and a 16:1 coin system.
  • Run James B. Weaver for President in 1892.
    • Carries 4 states (Colorado, Kansas, Idaho, and Nevada.)
  • Nominates William Jennings Bryan along with the Democrats in the election of 1896.
the wonderful wizard of oz

The Wonderful Wizard of Oz

A Political and Monetary Allegory

  • Naïve, young, and simple.
  • Represents the American people.
  • She is every man led astray who seeks a way home.
the scarecrow
The Scarecrow
  • Represents the Midwestern farmer.
  • Brainless, but clever.
  • At the end of the book, he is left in charge of Oz.
  • Idea probably taken from this 1896 cartoon.
the tin woodsman
The Tin Woodsman
  • Represents the industrial workers.
  • The Wicked Witch of the East had cursed him so that every time he swung his ax he lost a body part.
  • Replaced by tin body parts that had rusted to immobility.
    • The Depression of 1893.
  • Probably taken from this 1899 soap ad.
the cowardly lion
The Cowardly Lion
  • William Jennings Bryan
    • Tried to run for President 3 times, but failed.
  • Politicians were always drawn as lions by 1890’s cartoonists.
the tornado
The Tornado
  • Used in 1890’s by cartoonists to represent political upheaval.
  • Represents the silver standard movement that swept the country.
  • Populist stronghold in the 1890’s.
  • Represents the sad times on a struggling farm in the Midwest.
the witches
The Witches
  • The wicked witches represent the supporters of McKinley in the East and the West.
  • The good witches represent the supporters of Bryan in the North and the South.
the yellow brick road
The Yellow Brick Road
  • Represents the Gold Standard.
  • Dorothy’s silver slippers represents the silver standard.
  • The journey to the Emerald City (greenbacks) represents how both gold and silver must work together to achieve success.
  • Dorothy could have clicked her silver shoes 3 times and gone home.
    • Bryan ran for President 3 times.
the wizard
The Wizard
  • President William McKinley.
  • He appears differently to each character.
  • He makes promises he cannot keep.
  • Thought to be all-powerful, but exposed to be a charlatan.
other characters
Other Characters
  • The Munchkins- the ordinary citizens.
  • Uncle Henry- Henry Wallace, farm magazine editor.
  • The Monkeys- The Indians of the Great Plains.
  • Toto- The Prohibition movement.
    • “Teetotaler”
the land of oz
The Land of Oz
  • Oz= ounce
    • The standard unit of measurement for silver and gold.
  • The Emerald City
    • Green to represent the paper money.