housing and infrastructure in roma communities the case for an integrated approach n.
Download
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
Housing and Infrastructure in Roma Communities: the Case for an Integrated Approach PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
Housing and Infrastructure in Roma Communities: the Case for an Integrated Approach

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 18

Housing and Infrastructure in Roma Communities: the Case for an Integrated Approach - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 92 Views
  • Uploaded on

Housing and Infrastructure in Roma Communities: the Case for an Integrated Approach. Data on the situation of housing & infrastructure in Roma communities. Preliminary results Research conducted between December 2009- January 2010

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Housing and Infrastructure in Roma Communities: the Case for an Integrated Approach' - albin


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
data on the situation of housing infrastructure in roma communities
Data on the situation of housing & infrastructure in Roma communities
  • Preliminary results
  • Research conducted between December 2009- January 2010
  • 88 communities from 24 counties, from the PROROMI database:

the poorest Roma communities facing serious difficulties

slide3
Methodology of the research:

3 instruments for data collection

1. Survey questionnaire – 2000 households

→ indicators: quality of housing (surface, occupancy rates, amenities, building materials, access to water, heating, electricity, etc.)

→ 2,2% statistic error

→ representative at the level of Roma communities from PROROMI database

slide4
2. Questionnaire for the Local Public Authorities

→ indicators: infrastructure, connection of Roma houses to infrastructure, infrastructure projects in the last 5 years, status of land on which Roma built houses, inclusion of Roma communities in Urban General Plans, etc.

→ 79 questionnaires

slide5
3. Observation form, filled in by the facilitator, in a participative manner (with local leaders and community members)

→ indicators: quality of infrastructure within the Roma community, facility of access to goods and services, existence of factors defining the presence of ghettos: natural & artificial barriers, existence of factors of risk for the health and security of inhabitants, etc.

→ 88 questionnaires

preliminary results
Preliminary results

A. Housing (1)

- poor access to utilities:

→ 15% of Roma households have no access to electricity

→ 96% have no hot water

→ 93% have no gas

→ only 2% have central heating

→ only 7% have a sewage system

a housing 2
A. Housing (2)

- poor access to ''white goods'' / major appliances:

→ 56% of households do not have a refrigerator

→ 52% do not own a kitchen stove

- poor quality housing:

→ 61% of communities are largely made of poor quality houses

a housing 3
A. Housing (3)

- overcrowding:

→ a Roma household is made, on an average, of 6 members

→ a Roma house has, on an average, 2 rooms

- 27% of Roma households have debts regarding household expenditures (utilities)

- 44% of Roma households have no ownership papers for their houses

a housing 4
A. Housing (4)

- 25% of households do not have a kitchen

- example of cooking amenities in a Roma community, Vaslui county →

- 79% of households do not have a bathroom / toilet

b infrastructure 1
B. Infrastructure (1)

- in 23% of the communities, the access is difficult or totally impossible after rain / snow

- in 9% of the communities the access is not possible for the ambulance or the fire brigade

- in 28% of the communities, there is electricity only partially

- differences in infrastructure between Roma and non-Roma: unequal public spending

b infrastructure 2
B. Infrastructure (2)

- 51% of Roma communities do not have a certified drinking water source

- example of a community water source in Argeş county →

b infrastructure 3
→ limited or difficult access to public services (health, education, local authorities, etc.)

→ presence of hazards for the health or safety of inhabitants (24%): unprotected railroads, polluted industrial zones, etc.

B. Infrastructure (3)

the Roma shanty town / ghetto:

→ isolated (37%)

→ peripheric (52%)

→ monoethnic (57%)

→ delimited by natural or artificial barriers (16%)

c perspectives and conclusions 1
C. Perspectives and conclusions (1)

- introducing Roma housing and infrastructure on local agendas ↔ 14% of the Roma communities in the research were either partially or not included in the Urban General Plan

- comprehensive data on Roma communities is essential

- ensuring cooperation with Roma civil society

- breaking the vicious circle of social exclusion

c perspectives and conclusions 2
C. Perspectives and conclusions (2)

The integrated approach:

- housing as the main factor of social inclusion

- poor housing = poor health, poor participation on the labour market, low levels of education, low levels of public participation and self-esteem

c perspectives and conclusions 3
C. Perspectives and conclusions (3)

Essential ingredients:

- participation and implication of Roma communities

- consultation with Roma civil society

- data from Roma communities

slide18

For more information:

Agenţia de Dezvoltare Comunitară

“Împreună”

www.agentiaimpreuna.ro

office@agentiaimpreuna.ro