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  1. Earthquakes,

  2. Earthquakes, Hurricanes,

  3. Earthquakes, Hurricanes, and FloodsWill Continue to Occur…

  4. Earthquakes, Hurricanes, and FloodsWill Continue to Occur… • How can we plan to minimize damage and loss of life to prevent natural hazards from becoming natural disasters?

  5. HAZUS-MH: Features GIS Technology

  6. HAZUS-MH: Features GIS Technology Nationwide Databases

  7. HAZUS-MH: Features GIS Technology Nationwide Databases Nationally Standardized Loss Estimation and Risk Assessment Methodology

  8. HAZUS-MH: Features • Physical Impacts • Economic Impacts • Social Impacts GIS Technology Nationwide Databases Nationally Standardized Loss Estimation and Risk Assessment Methodology

  9. GIS Technology • Spatial Relationships • Layers • Computations

  10. GIS Technology • Spatial Relationships • Layers • Computations

  11. GIS Technology • Spatial Relationships • Layers • Computations

  12. GIS Technology • Spatial Relationships • Layers • Computations

  13. GIS Technology • Spatial Relationships • Layers • Computations

  14. GIS Technology • Spatial Relationships • Layers • Computations • Risk Communication • Risks • Solutions

  15. Nationwide Databases • Demographics – Population, Employment, Housing • Building Stock – Residential, Commercial, Industrial • Essential Facilities – Hospitals, Schools, Police Stations, Fire Stations • Transportation – Highways, Bridges, Railways, Tunnels, Airports, Ports and Harbors, Ferry Facilities • Utilities – Waste Water, Potable Water, Oil, Gas, Electric Power, Communication Facilities • High Potential Loss Facilities – Dams and Levees, Nuclear Facilities, Hazardous Material Sites, Military Installations

  16. Nationwide Databases Non-Proprietary • Easily Customized

  17. Nationally Standardized Loss Estimation and Risk Assessment Methodology • Engineering Analysis • Hazard-Specific Oversight Committees • Expert Practitioners • Academics • Non-Proprietary • Well Documented

  18. HAZUS-MH is for a study area of any size • Region • Community • Neighborhood • Individual Site

  19. HAZUS-MH and Risk Management Prepare Recover Mitigate Respond

  20. Preparing for a Natural Hazard • What are our risks? • Where are the best locations for shelters and do we have enough space? • Where should we target outreach activities?

  21. Mitigating the Effects of a Natural Hazard • Where should we put our resources to achieve maximum benefit? • How much will this mitigation strategy decrease our losses? • Where are we in our mitigation plan? How have we progressed?

  22. Responding to a Natural Hazard • How many injuries do we expect? • What are the best evacuation routes? • What hospitals were damaged and where should we take our injured?

  23. Recovering from a Natural Hazard • What is the demand on recovery staff? • How much debris do we have to remove? • How much funding does the community need to request to recover?

  24. HAZUS-MH: Analysis Levels Parameter Modification InCAST –Inventory Collection and Survey Tool BIT –Building data Import Tool FIT –Flood Information Tool Level 1 and 2 analyses can usually be performed by emergency services or planning staff Level 3 analysis typically requires technical expertise

  25. HAZUS-MH: Models

  26. Study Region Fault Traces Portland, OR Local Crustal Faults

  27. Portland Building Inventory

  28. Wood Construction

  29. Precast Tiltup Construction Damage

  30. Direct Economic Losses Greatest Economic Losses

  31. HAZUS-MH: FEMA’S SOFTWARE PROGRAM FOR ESTIMATING POTENTIAL LOSSES FROM DISASTERS Damaged Highways and Schools

  32. Building Damage Survey

  33. A Flood Study - Mecklenburg, NCStudy Results – Sugar Creek Support Adoption of New Floodplain Studies Saved the County $74 Million Dollars in Damage Reduction Through Increased Floodplain Regulations Future Building Inventory 400% Current Building Inventory Current Building Inventory 100% 2000 2000 1975

  34. HAZUS Reaching Beyond Natural Disasters • ALOHA Dispersion Modeling • FLDWAV Dam Breach Modeling

  35. HAZUS: User Groups Medical Personnel Legislative Contacts PRIVATE Facility Manager FEDERAL UTILITIES HAZUS USER GROUP STATE Emergency Response Personnel UNIVERSITIES Technical Experts LOCAL NONPROFIT Local Planners GOVERNMENT LABORATORIES Red Cross GIS Specialists

  36. Summary • HAZUS-MH allows you to: • IDENTIFY vulnerable areas that may require planning considerations (e.g., land use or building code requirements) • ASSESS the level of readiness and preparedness to deal with a disaster before the disaster occurs • ESTIMATE potential losses from specific hazard events, including pre-event, near real-time, and post-event report capability • DECIDE on how to allocate resources for the most effective and efficient response and recovery • PRIORITIZE the mitigation measures that need to be implemented to reduce future losses

  37. …helping develop, implement, and track local and state risk assessment and mitigation plans

  38. HAZUS-MH Information • Visit the HAZUS website: http://www.fema.gov/plan/prevent/hazus • or email inquiries to: • FEMA-HAZUS@dhs.gov