UQROO FONAEL IV Chetumal - 7 NOV 08 Lextutor: Serving learners, teachers, & researchers Tom Cobb Dépt de linguistique et de didactique des langues Université du Québec à Montréal firstname.lastname@example.org www.lextutor.ca CONTEXT Expansion of Q. Roo University E.g., Medical school
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Lextutor: Serving learners, teachers, & researchers
Those different versions of autobiographical memory can reinforce different cultural construals of the self. Memories
that focus on the individual as a central character of the story help to reinforce an independent self, whereas memories
that focus on important others and social interactions help to reinforce an interdependent self.
One style is not better than the other. They are each adaptive within their own cultures. In American culture,
remembering your own experiences is critical, because you need to construct a unique identity. Elaborate memory
conversations are important to help children learn that skill. In Chinese culture, the hierarchy of the mother-child
relationship is more important than building a unique identity. In both cases, the mother-child conversation is a
socializing practice that tends to reinforce what's important in the culture. In American culture, it's important to have
a child who is outgoing, who is not fearful, who has her own thoughts and feelings, who can do independent
exploration. In Chinese culture, it's very important to make peace with others, to establish social harmony with others.