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The Ruskin Project Digitising the Ruskin Teaching Collection at the Ashmolean Museum Ruskin and Oxford – 1 Gentleman Commoner, Christ Church, 1837-42 Involvement with University Museum, c. 1855-9 Elected Honorary Student, Christ Church, 1858

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the ruskin project

The Ruskin Project

Digitising

the Ruskin Teaching Collection

at the Ashmolean Museum

ruskin and oxford 1
Ruskin and Oxford – 1
  • Gentleman Commoner, Christ Church, 1837-42
  • Involvement with University Museum, c.1855-9
  • Elected Honorary Student, Christ Church, 1858
  • Presented 60 Turner drawings to University Galleries, 1861

The Ruskin Project: Digitising the Ruskin Teaching Collection

ruskin and oxford 2
Ruskin and Oxford – 2
  • Slade Professor of Fine Art, 1870-8
  • Negotiated National Gallery’s loan of Turner drawings, 1879
  • Slade Professor of Fine Art, 1883-5

The Ruskin Project: Digitising the Ruskin Teaching Collection

ruskin s art school 1
Ruskin’s art school – 1

I want the room now occupied by the town classes for a grammar-school of Art. I wish to make it thoroughly interesting even to very young children, to fill it with prints by great masters for the general public, and with cases containing books, seals, casts of coins, etc., properly catalogued and illustrated, and to conduct the teaching there, with the assistance of Mr. Macdonald, ...

The Ruskin Project: Digitising the Ruskin Teaching Collection

ruskin s art school 2
Ruskin’s art school – 2

... on a system designed primarily for the sons and daughters of gentlemen, though, I hope, not likely to be unprofitable even to (whatever we mean by the term) artisans and their children, but absolutely distinct from that adopted by the authorities at Kensington for the promotion of mechanical, and therefore vile, manufacture.

Ruskin to Acland, 14 March 1871

The Ruskin Project: Digitising the Ruskin Teaching Collection

the teaching collection standard series
The Teaching CollectionStandard Series

(a) ... Standards, which are never to be removed from the room in which they are placed: all 30” by 21” in cases – to be 100 of architecture; 100 of painting and sculpture – numbered and catalogued

The Ruskin Project: Digitising the Ruskin Teaching Collection

the teaching collection educational series
The Teaching CollectionEducational Series

(b) copies for practice – about 50 in number – also numbered and catalogued – in flat oak frames 20½ by 14 ½ - These also are never to leave the rooms. These are especially for the use of the Professor’s class.

Ruskin to the Curators of the University Galleries, 17 March 1871

The Ruskin Project: Digitising the Ruskin Teaching Collection

assembling the collection
Assembling the Collection
  • General examples
    • Standard Series
  • Teaching examples
    • Educational Series – Professor’s Class (Ruskin)
    • Rudimentary Series – Town Class (Macdonald)

The Ruskin Project: Digitising the Ruskin Teaching Collection

the teaching collection cabinets
The Teaching Collection – Cabinets

Cabinet for Reference Series Nos 101-125

The Ruskin Project: Digitising the Ruskin Teaching Collection

ruskin s aims
Ruskin’s aims
  • They are taught drawing, primarily in order to direct their attention accurately to the beauty of God’s work in the material universe.

Ruskin, 1859

  • I am only trying to teach you to see.

Ruskin, to the students of the Working Men’s College, between 1854 and 1860

The Ruskin Project: Digitising the Ruskin Teaching Collection

collection comprises
Collection Comprises
  • 1,470 items
    • Drawings and watercolours
    • Prints
    • Photographs
    • Diagrams
    • Casts

The Ruskin Project: Digitising the Ruskin Teaching Collection

drawings by old masters
Drawings by Old Masters

After Giulio Romano, Crab. Educational Series, No. 200.

The Ruskin Project: Digitising the Ruskin Teaching Collection

drawings by turner
Drawings by Turner

J.M.W. Turner, The Junction of the Greta and Tees at Rokeby. Standard Series, No. 2.

The Ruskin Project: Digitising the Ruskin Teaching Collection

drawings by ruskin after nature
Drawings by Ruskin after nature

John Ruskin, Study of Wild Rose. Rudimentary Series, No. 238.

The Ruskin Project: Digitising the Ruskin Teaching Collection

drawings by ruskin of buildings
Drawings by Ruskin of buildings

John Ruskin, The Baptistery, Florence.

Reference Series, No. 120.

The Ruskin Project: Digitising the Ruskin Teaching Collection

drawings by ruskin of works of art
Drawings by Ruskin of works of art

John Ruskin after

Vittore Carpaccio,

St Ursula on her Bier.

Rudimentary Series, No. 106bis.

The Ruskin Project: Digitising the Ruskin Teaching Collection

drawings and watercolours by ruskin s assistants and prot g s
Drawings and watercolours by Ruskin’s assistants and protégés

Arthur Burgess, Owl in Mantegna’s fresco of

the Martyrdom of St James. Rudimentary Series, No. 46.

Francesca Alexander, Isabella of l'Abetone. Francesca Cabinet, No. 2.

The Ruskin Project: Digitising the Ruskin Teaching Collection

prints by old masters
Prints by Old Masters

Albrecht Dürer, St Jerome and his Lion. Educational Series, No. 159.

The Ruskin Project: Digitising the Ruskin Teaching Collection

prints by turner
Prints by Turner

W. Say & J.M.W. Turner, Chain of Alps from Grenoble to Chamberi

(“The Alps of the Chartreuse”). Rudimentary Series, No. 167.

The Ruskin Project: Digitising the Ruskin Teaching Collection

plates from illustrated books
Plates from illustrated books

Lenormant & de Witte, Élite des monuments

céramographiques, Paris Leleux, 1844-1861:

Vol. III, pl. 15. Educational Series, No. 48.

Le Vaillant, Histoire Naturelle des Oiseaux de Paradis ...,

Paris, 1806: Vol. II, no. 30. Rudimentary Series, No. 216.

The Ruskin Project: Digitising the Ruskin Teaching Collection

photographs
Photographs

Photograph after Filippo Lippi,

The Coronation of the Virgin, Florence, Uffizi.

Reference Series, No. 101.

South Transept of Rouen Cathedral before its

Restoration. Reference Series, No. 51.

The Ruskin Project: Digitising the Ruskin Teaching Collection

diagrams
Diagrams

George Allen after John Ruskin, Construction for Placing the Honour-Points.

Rudimentary Series, No. 6.

The Ruskin Project: Digitising the Ruskin Teaching Collection

subsequent history
Subsequent history
  • Deed of Gift, 1875
    • Gave Ruskin Art Collection to University
    • Formalised 1861 gift of Turners
    • Formalised £5,000 endowment for Drawing Mastership
  • Continuous rearrangement (notably 1878)
  • 1886 removal of works

The Ruskin Project: Digitising the Ruskin Teaching Collection

after ruskin s death
After Ruskin’s death
  • Attempts to establish scope of existing Collection following Ruskin’s death in 1900
  • Deals with Ruskin’s heirs over some objects
  • Cook & Wedderburn’s catalogue, 1906
  • Transfer from Ruskin School, c.1949

The Ruskin Project: Digitising the Ruskin Teaching Collection

in the ashmolean
In the Ashmolean

Solander box: Royal, Ruskin –

Rudimentary Series, Nos 87-133.

Volume: Ruskin – Volume IV.

The Ruskin Project: Digitising the Ruskin Teaching Collection

project s aims
Project’s aims
  • Digitise Teaching Collection, i.e.
    • Digital images (high resolution)
    • Text of Ruskin’s published & MS catalogues
    • Ashmolean catalogue information
  • Searchable
  • Browsable according to original arrangement(s)
  • Accessible over web (low resolution images)
  • Deposit with VADS (high resolution images)

The Ruskin Project: Digitising the Ruskin Teaching Collection

funding collaboration
Funding & collaboration
  • Resource Enhancement Scheme (AHRB)
    • Funding
  • Ashmolean Museum
    • Collection, management, conservation
  • Learning Technologies Group (OUCS)
    • Databases and markup, search & delivery systems
  • Ruskin School
    • Website design
  • David Cooper
    • Photography
  • VADS
    • Recipient

The Ruskin Project: Digitising the Ruskin Teaching Collection

data standards images
Data standards – images
  • Images
    • TIFF
    • 600 dpi
    • 24-bit colour
  • Image metadata
    • VRA Core Categories, Version 3 (“VRA3”)
      • http://www.vraweb.org/vracore3.htm

The Ruskin Project: Digitising the Ruskin Teaching Collection

data standards texts
Data standards – texts
  • TEI
    • http://www.tei-c.org/

The Ruskin Project: Digitising the Ruskin Teaching Collection

data standards cataloguing
Data standards – cataloguing
  • Categories for the Description of Works of Art (“CDWA”)
    • Getty Information Institute
    • http://www.getty.edu/research/institute/

standards/cdwa/

  • Rejected: SPECTRUM
    • Museums Documentation Association
    • http://www.mda.org.uk/spectrum.htm
    • http://www.cimi.org/wg/xml_spectrum/

The Ruskin Project: Digitising the Ruskin Teaching Collection

catalogues
Catalogues
  • Catalogue of Examples Arranged for Elementary Study in the University Galleries, Oxford (Clarendon Press): 1870.
    • Standard and Reference series together, as well as Educational series.
  • Catalogue of the Educational Series, London (Smith, Elder & Co.): 1871.
  • Catalogue of the Reference Series including temporarily the First Section of the Standard Series, London (Smith, Elder & Co.): [1872].
  • Instructions in Practice of Elementary Drawing, Arranged with Reference to the First Series of Examples in the Drawing Schools of the University of Oxford, s.n.: [1872] [3rd ed., 2nd issue]
    • Rudimentary Series.
  • Instructions in the Preliminary Exercises arranged for the Lower Drawing-School, Oxford, London (Smith, Elder & Co.): 1872. [4th ed.]
    • Rudimentary Series.
  • Instructions in the Preliminary Exercises arranged for the Lower Drawing-School, Oxford, London (Spottiswoode & Co.): 1873. [5th ed.]
    • Rudimentary Series.
  • Catalogue of the Educational Series, London (Spottiswoode & Co.): 1874.
  • ‘Educational Series 1878’.
    • MS copy by the Rev. E.P. Barrow of Dr D.P. Chase’s transcription of Ruskin’s dictated rearrangement..
  • ‘Rudimentary Series 1878’.
    • MS copy by the Rev. E.P. Barrow of Dr D.P. Chase’s transcription of Ruskin’s dictated rearrangement..
  • The Ruskin Art Collection at Oxford: Catalogues, Notes and Instructions, London (George Allen): 1906.
    • The Works of John Ruskin: Library Edition, edited by E.T. Cook and Alexander Wedderburn, Volume XXI.

The Ruskin Project: Digitising the Ruskin Teaching Collection

problems reconciliation
Problems – reconciliation
  • Collation of catalogues with each other
    • http://www.ashmol.ox.ac.uk/ash/amulets/

ruskin/concordance.shtml

  • Collation of catalogues with collection
    • 1,470 catalogued works
      • 1,085 identified
      • 10 should be elsewhere
      • 75 missing in 1906
      • 300 not yet found

The Ruskin Project: Digitising the Ruskin Teaching Collection

copyright
Copyright
  • Published works
    • Maker’s life + 70 years
  • Unpublished works
    • 70 years after first publication
    • Held by heirs, not by object’s owner
  • Who holds copyrights?
  • Solutions
    • If work has been published:
      • Check dates of artist
    • If unpublished
      • Does DACS represent estate?
      • Do we have a record on file?
      • Advertise?
      • Disclaimer on website

The Ruskin Project: Digitising the Ruskin Teaching Collection

bibliography
Bibliography
  • John Ruskin, The Ruskin Art Collection at Oxford: Catalogues, Notes and Instructions, London (George Allen): 1906. (Library Edition, Volume XXI.)
  • John Ruskin, The Ruskin Art Collection at Oxford: Catalogue of the Rudimentary Series, edited by Robert Hewison, London (Lion and Unicorn Press): 1984.
  • Robert Hewison, Ruskin and Oxford: The Art of Education, Oxford (Clarendon Press): 1996.

The Ruskin Project: Digitising the Ruskin Teaching Collection

the ruskin project35
The Ruskin Project

http://www.ashmol.ox.ac.uk/ash/amulets/ruskin/

Dr Rupert ShepherdManager, The Ruskin ProjectDepartment of Western ArtAshmolean MuseumBeaumont StreetOxford OX1 2PH

rupert.shepherd@ashmus.ox.ac.uk

The Ruskin Project: Digitising the Ruskin Teaching Collection

end result of ruskin project
End Result of Ruskin Project

“a developed interface to facilitate browsing, searching, and analysis”

Audience:Artists, Art Historians, Literary Scholars, Teachers and the general public

data sources
Data Sources
  • Catalogues
    • Listings of the content of the collection at given points in time
  • Museum curatorial information
    • Information about the objects
  • Images
    • 1300 photographs (to be produced)
xml mark up
XML Mark-up
  • Catalogues
    • TEI ( http://www.tei-c.org/ )
  • Museum curatorial information
    • Getty CDWA (http://www.getty.edu/research/institute/standards/cdwa/ )
  • Image Metadata
    • VRA 3.0 (http://www.vraweb.org/vracore3.htm )
catalogues39
Catalogues
  • Scanned using OCR
    • originals are good enough
  • Proof read and marked up to minimal level by helper
  • Script will run to identify each entry uniquely
  • Further markup (linking) added by experts
creation of images
Creation of Images
  • TIFF format
  • 600 dpi (or as appropriate for small/large works)
  • 24 bit colour
  • Calibration: electronic and colour bars
  • Final file size of ~50 MB
  • Archived to HFS
    • 1300 images => 65 GB storage requirement
images
Images
  • Create ‘web master’ file from master image (TIFF)
  • Create JPEGs at various resolutions for web delivery.
  • Process images on the fly using ImageMagick( http://www.imagemagick.org/ )
    • water marks
    • limited resolutions
    • limited dimensions
delivery browsing analysis
Delivery - Browsing & Analysis
  • Catalogues provide snapshots of collection
    • Present predefined pathways through the collection
  • Path Creation Scheme( http://www.hcu.ox.ac.uk/jtap/pcs/ )
    • Allows users to create their own annotated pathways through the site
delivery search
Delivery - Search
  • The difficult part!
  • Free text searching of:
    • Catalogues
    • Image descriptions
  • Presentation in a meaningful way