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The Gross National Happiness Abridged Survey. Michael Pennock, Population Health Epidemiologist, Vancouver Island Health Authority, Victoria, BC. Canada michael.pennock@viha.ca Dasho Karma Ura, Director, Centre of Bhutan Studies Thimphu Bhutan drphilos@yahoo.co.uk.

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the gross national happiness abridged survey

The Gross National Happiness Abridged Survey

Michael Pennock, Population Health Epidemiologist, Vancouver Island Health Authority, Victoria, BC. Canada

michael.pennock@viha.ca

Dasho Karma Ura, Director, Centre of Bhutan Studies Thimphu Bhutan

drphilos@yahoo.co.uk

slide2

During the fall of 2006 a population survey measure of Gross National Happiness was developed and pretested by the Centre of Bhutan Studies for use in Bhutan.

The final survey instrument was composed of 1500 variables across eleven domains and took between 4 to 7 hours to administer.

Attempted to use items from other national or international surveys so that comparisons with other applications would be possible.

why another survey
Why Another Survey?
  • There are variety of surveys that measure happiness and life satisfaction
  • Other individual surveys measure individual domains
  • GNH Survey attempts to incorporate happiness and domains into one survey instrument
current status bhutanese survey
CURRENT STATUS: Bhutanese Survey
  • 300+ interviews completed
  • Another 800+ to be completed by spring
  • Preliminary data analysis on original sample now being done by CBS
generalizability
Generalizability

Many of the items were specific to the Bhutanese context and would not be relevant to other cultures or nations.

Six hour interview not feasible in most applications

A shorter and more generic version of the survey is being developed for use in other jurisdictions.

challenges bhutanese survey
CHALLENGESBhutanese Survey
  • Material wellbeing in non-cash economy
  • Five point response scales
  • Household heterogeneity
  • Time use
  • Translation of concepts such as quality of life
largest challenge
Largest Challenge
  • Breadth of domains
  • Everything is related to happiness/unhappiness
  • How do you measure “everything” without a six hour interview
happiness and wellbeing
HAPPINESS AND WELLBEING
  • subjective happiness
  • general life-satisfaction
  • enjoyment of life and satisfaction with specific life dimensions
  • general life-stress
  • Combined into aggregate score
spirituality
SPIRITUALITY
  • Importance of spiritual beliefs and activities
health
HEALTH
  • General Health Questionnaire
  • Self-rated health
  • Activity Limitations
family and community
FAMILY AND COMMUNITY
  • Social Support
  • Interpersonal Trust
  • Family Relationship
  • Community Belonging
  • Community Involvement
  • Community Security and Stability
time use and balance
TIME USE AND BALANCE
  • Time Stress
  • Satisfaction with Time Use
core values
CORE VALUES
  • Importance of 13 core value dimensions
cultural vitality
CULTURAL VITALITY
  • Importance of cultural affiliation
  • Minority group membership
  • Experience of discrimination
  • Satisfaction with value directions in community
governance
GOVERNANCE
  • Satisfaction with political governance
  • Respect for rights and freedoms
  • Effectiveness of government institutions
environment
ENVIRONMENT
  • Importance of environment
  • Satisfaction with environmental conditions
living standards
LIVING STANDARDS
  • Satisfaction with material circumstances
  • Areas of financial hardship
  • Relative wealth
  • Satisfaction with housing
next steps
Next Steps
  • Critique from other cultural and language groups
  • Finalize abridged survey with further reductions in number of items
  • Further analysis of CBS data to identify summary variables
  • Pretest in different cultures
interested
Interested?

Contact

michael.pennock@viha.ca