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Ten Global Trends Impacting North American Rail Freight Distribution Jean-Paul Rodrigue Associate Professor, Dept. of Economics & Geography, Hofstra University, New York, USA Email: ecojpr@hofstra.edu Paper available at: http://people.hofstra.edu/faculty/Jean-paul_Rodrigue

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ten global trends impacting north american rail freight distribution

Ten Global Trends Impacting North American Rail Freight Distribution

Jean-Paul RodrigueAssociate Professor, Dept. of Economics & Geography, Hofstra University, New York, USA

Email: ecojpr@hofstra.edu

Paper available at:

http://people.hofstra.edu/faculty/Jean-paul_Rodrigue

a shift from derived to integrated transport demand
A Shift from Derived to Integrated Transport Demand

The nature of distribution has changed

From push to pull logistics

Transportation and distribution jointly planned

Container yard, Port of Yantian, China

commodity chains and added value
Commodity Chains and Added Value

High

Globalization

R&D

Sales / Service

Marketing

Branding

Added value

Distribution

Design

Concept

Manufacturing

Logistics

Low

Commodity chain

from push to pull logistics
From Push to Pull Logistics

Supplier

Supplier

Supplier

Supplier

Supplier

Supplier

Supplier

Supplier

Supplier

Supplier

Freight flow

Manufacturer

Manufacturer

3PL

Distributor

Distributor

Customer

Returns / Recycling

Point-of-sale data

Customer

Push

Pull

the china effect has profoundly changed global freight distribution
The “China Effect” has Profoundly Changed Global Freight Distribution

The location of production has changed

Global production networks

Shift in the world’s commercial balance

APL Distribution Center, Shenzhen, China

significant imbalances in trade and freight distribution
Significant Imbalances in Trade and Freight Distribution

Imbalanced freight flows

The empty container problem

Empty trucks waiting to enter China, Hong Kong

balance of containerized cargo flows along major trade routes 1995 2006 in millions of teus
Balance of Containerized Cargo Flows along Major Trade Routes, 1995-2006 (in millions of TEUs)
private global freight operators
Private Global Freight Operators

The value capture of global supply chains

Global port holdings & 3PL

Positioning of intermodal assets

Gaining a foothold in major gateways

“Maersk Sealand” Locomotive, Landers Yard (NS), Chicago

the value capture process along commodity chains

Port Terminal Operations

Inland Modes and Terminals

Distribution Centers

Commodity Chain

The Value Capture Process along Commodity Chains

Maritime Services

Port Holding

Port Authority

Port Services

Inland Services

Vertical Integration

Horizontal Integration

Maritime Shipping

redefinition of the maritime land interface
Redefinition of the Maritime / Land Interface

Port regionalization

Inland terminals

Rail integrated with port operations

“Emma Maersk”, 12,500 TEU, Rotterdam, Netherlands

intermodal integration is still in its early stages
Intermodal Integration is Still in its Early Stages

Expansion and diffusion to new markets

Advanced containers

Container waiting to be loaded, Shenzhen, China

higher costs for inland freight distribution
Higher Costs for Inland Freight Distribution

Peak oil

Congestion

Modal shift

Chassis waiting to be picked, Corwith Rail Yard, Chicago

transmodal operations the next frontier in north american rail distribution
Transmodal Operations: The Next Frontier in North American Rail Distribution

Advanced rail terminals

Higher throughput

Translisft crane, NS Rutherford yard, PA

time factors more embedded within rail operations
Time Factors more Embedded Within Rail Operations

Improving the velocity of freight

Rail distribution as an element of supply chains

UPS Willow Springs Distribution Center, Chicago

logistics and the acceleration of freight

Speed barrier

Transshipment

Pull Logistics

Logistical threshold

Containerization

Push Logistics

Shipment

Logistics and the Acceleration of Freight
the american economy is essentially bankrupt
The American Economy is Essentially Bankrupt

Debt and asset inflation

Misallocation of capital

Currency leverage

Future growth expectations compromised

“Flipper Central”, Phoenix, Arizona (or any neighborhood near you)

the perpetual motion machine the dynamics of the world s most significant trade relationship
The “Perpetual Motion” Machine: The Dynamics of the World’s Most Significant Trade Relationship

USD

$ for goods

Interest Rates

Unemployment

Goods

Borrowing

Investment

Bonds (IOUs)

Asset Inflation

Debt

Reserves

$ for bonds

United States

China

USD