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EURO-MEDITERRANEAN TRANSPORT FORUM MARITIME TRANSPORT WORKING GROUP Maritime Policy, Ports and Short-Sea Shipping MEDA Motorways of the Sea Sub-Group 4 th Meeting Brussels, 19 December 2006 STATE OF PLAY General presentation Markets / Demand Infrastructures & Equipments
MARITIME TRANSPORT WORKING GROUP
Maritime Policy, Ports and Short-Sea Shipping
MEDA Motorways of the Sea Sub-Group 4th Meeting
Brussels, 19 December 2006
I – PROJECT FRAMEWORK
+II ONWARDS: PILOT PROJECTS
WORKING PLAN (Dec 06)
REVIEW OF EXISTING SITUATION:
- EUROMED TRANSPORT PROGRAMS - NATIONAL CONTACTS
- NATIONAL SOURCES / UPDATE
COUNTRY ROUND TABLES / WORKING GROUPS:
- OVERVIEW PRESENTATIONS
- QUESTIONS § ANSWERS
- SYNTHETIC “SWOT”
FROM CONDITIONS TO CRITERIA
COUNTRY / MoS REVIEW
EU –MEDA “MoS” traffic 2004:
Overall Traffic (1000 tons, transshipment included/ inward & outward)
Source : Eurostat
Geographical distribution of Ro-Ro Traffic flows MEDA – EU countries
Volume 2004, in 000 tons, both directions
Volume 2004, in 000 tons, both direction
Geographical distribution of CONTAINER Traffic flows MEDA – EU countries
CURRENT SITUATION (2004): Containers in 000 TEU by Ports
Total : 10,9 millions TEU
PAST TRENDS : MEDA Total port demand throughput in 000 TEU
Forecast Non-Transshipment Containers
Source: OSC + MEDA-MoS
Base Case: Non-Transshipment (mTEU )
Low Case: Non-Transshipment (mTEU )
- Market trades
MODAL SHIFT POTENTIALS
FROM ROAD TO SEA
CONCENTRATION OF TRADE FLOWS
Lo-Lo / containers
CONTAINERS: DIRECT TRADES AND TRANSHIMENT
T/S supporting sea-leg of MoS ?
A frequent question, particularly in East Med
- increased volume bases / flow concentration
- routes, frequencies, capacities…
T /S as best practices:
- procedures, I.T….
- economic conditions…
OPPORTUNITIES FOR DIRECT TRADES ?
HLG AND MEDA COUNTRIES SELECTED / POSSIBLE MoS PORTS
Damietta and East Port Said
Alexandria / El Dekhela
Also in the scope of project:
- Palestinian Authority
Mersin (and Samsun)
PILOT PROJECT PORTS
Possible port operations
Port / Terminal requirements:
Container Terminal infrastructures
To be adapted to traffics / services:
Hub & Spokes
Interlining or relaying / feedering
•Gateway ports (direct trade)
Import and Export traffic flows
National and hinterland / transit flows
CONTAINERS: State – of - art port in All Meda Countries in short / medium term
Gateway ports: feeder vessels 200 - 500 units (TEU) draft 9 -11 m.
Cranes outreach 12 to 16 rows, handling capacity 15 Moves / hour +
Reachstackers and forklifts
Terminal surface: 10.000 – 14.000 TEUs/Ha
Transhipment ports: Super Post Panamax vessels, up to 400 metres length, draft 15 m+
Cranes outreach 22 rows, handling capacity 30 moves / hour +
Terminal surface : 14.000 – 40.000 TEUs/Ha
• Dedicated terminal / One stop shop
• Operations of large vessels
VS intra – Med vessels
RO-RO: Ro-Ro / ferries ports in All Meda Countries in short / medium term
Port terminal able to accommodate Ro-Ro vessels up to 200 units, draft 7 meters +
Ro-Ro ramps and tractors with handling capacity of 30 moves/hour
Terminal surface: 100 – 120 units / Ha
+ Circulation lanes
Access to port
Handling equipments railway / container yard
•Problem: Urban congestion
Availability of lanes / parking areas
Inland terminals / and logistic platforms:
Telcom systems(see also IC technologies)
MoS AXES : “door to door” connections between ports and main industrial & distribution regions
ROAD EFFICIENCY AND MoS
RAILWAY POLICIES AND INTERNATIONAL OPPORTUNITIES
• Weakness on several markets countries
• Key element for an efficient and value added freight transport system
High hidden and security costs – particularly imports
Competitive logistics conditions, to be integrated into MoS projects:
- Adequate, including in medium / long terms
- Question mark for future Ro-Ro ships
Vessels / Services capacities
Frequency / Reliability
- Costs and prices
Economic / Marketing conditions:
Technical / logistic service type competition
- All port interface intervention
- Intermodal operations
Maritime Container lines are the decision makers:
- Vessels / fleet investment
- Port / schedule options
- Direct trade / transhipments mix
Overview of regulations and procedures in the main transport modes
Compliance analysis with the MoS conditions and criteria
- Identification of the different bodies and authorities in charge of transport modes,
- Roles, relationships and competences of Ministries, Directorates, Port authorities
- More trade and transport cross-relations
- Develop coordinated intermodal approach
Port Authority or competent bodyINSTITUTIONAL FRAMEWORK
5. REGULATIONS AND PROCEDURES (2/6)
Transport modes: A,B, …
5. REGULATIONS AND PROCEDURES (3/6)
• Regulatory framework of:
- Port regulations
- Port workers regulations
- International maritime agreements / regulations
• Port administration and procedures
Port / Maritime Regulations
• Adaptation required for port operational procedures and port work regulations
• Procedures and regulations of other transport modes
5. REGULATIONS AND PROCEDURES (4/6)
5. REGULATIONS AND PROCEDURES (5/6)
5. REGULATIONS AND PROCEDURES (6/6)
• Vessel Traffic Services (VTS) / Vessel Traffic Management and Information Systems (VTMIS) are well developed.
• Countries with responsibilities of vessel traffic in Canal and Straits have a consistent network of VTS: Ships are automatically acquired and tracked by the system. For safety purposes, systems could also provide information services, Navigational Assistance and Traffic Organisation.
AUTOMATIC IDENTIFICATION SYSTEMS (AIS) BASE STATIONS
•Precise information on ships and their movements in large areas, based on ship born automatic identification system (required by IMO for all ships > 300 gross tonnage)
•Base stations are available in some countries, with wide coverage
• Development projects to extend coverage to sub-regional coasts (Turkey ect… / and to the whole Mediterranean?)
GLOBAL POSITIONING SYSTEMS (GPS)
•Satellite coverage more than satisfactory in the area, including for civil applications.
• Most Countries already use satellite technologies and are prepared to use those systems for MoS implementations.
•Galileo Positioning system an opportunity as from 2010.
SERVICE INFORMATION SYSTEMS
• Service information systems widely used for specific purposes , example: Port/Port Community information systems
• MoS requirements:
- Enlarge scope and users of systems
- Concentrate enlarge and / or adapt information to trade and transport requirements
- Harmonize and standardize tools and procedures
- Develop common Interfaces for both local (national) and external (international) uses
SERVICE INFORMATION SYSTEMS
ONE STOP SHOP / PAPERLESS SYSTEMS
• Door to door freight transport, with maritime leg requiring too many documents and interventions, with repeated information
• Feasible improvements:
- Electronic paperless cargo and vessel documents process of administrative procedures
- Harmonise and concentrate tasks and responsibility
- Update procedures (lighter and slimmer)
• Progresses are being made, with best practices in MEDA Countries.
• Security regulations and standards are still raising.
- Technologies for information systems and tools are key factors for efficiency, cost limitation and facilitation of those rules.
- Certain “security procedure” for the transport chain have been identified, example for imports:
- Borders: outward by working jointly between both Country counterparts
- partner with carriers, importers, shippers and terminal operators for container shipment / deliveries during the supply process
- anticipate security inspections as early as possible in the supply chain
ELECTRONIC IDENTIFICATION AND CONTROL OF CARGO
• Securing ports requires efficient systems combining detection, control, assessment, localisation, and identification.
• Available technologies: X-Ray / gamma-ray (imaging technologies) Neutron Inspections (explosives and Chemicals) Personal Radiation Detectors (PRDs) by radiation isotope identifiers or CO2 probe sensors for people detection inside cargo units.
Several technologies are already used in MEDA Countries.
DRIVER / PERSONNEL ID TECHNOLOGIES AND PROCEDURES
- computerised process inside ports and authentication nearby passages (e.g. biometric). These new technologies are not usual practices yet.
- A Pilot application could be developed, where computerised / electronic gate processes are already working for the identification of trucks and drivers.
ELECTRONIC SEALS (ES)
• Container seals have long been used as a loss prevention tool but high-tech alternatives are being developed, with the increasing focus on security.
• Electronic Seals could be used for improving security of supply chain, either by land and by sea; following the upstream approach of security procedures.
COMBINED INFORMATION AND SECURITY SYSTEMS
• Main Challenge: involving all stakeholders (ports / terminals, shipping companies, truckers, railways etc.), and Customs / Public Authorities
• New specific procedures reinforcing fast line security Customs operations and border crossing through ports. This may be worked.
ELECTRONIC SEAL, CARGO ID AND TRACKING SYSTEMS
• Combination of systems may provide tracking and tracing and also instant notification of container incidents and security failures.
• Progresses of satellite technology for monitoring hazardous or temperature sensitive cargoes.
TRANSPORT CHAIN MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS
MoS could provide for a unique management system or proper interfaces linking the different managements systems.
• Several tools are available to manage intermodal door to door freight transport chain which main function comprises: organise and initiate transport, monitor and control operations, visualise the transport status, exchange product and transport documentation. In the MoS perspective
TERMINAL MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS
• Modern and efficient Port Terminal management systems in use in most MEDA Countries are those of the global container transport players (NAVIS, COSMOS, etc.), those are more or less equivalent in terms of performance and functionalities, and provide for:
- efficient cargo processing, improving the Terminal throughput.
- comprehensive and flexible reporting, including an extensive range of standard reports.
- integration with third party systems and advanced gate technologies
- Import Processing, Export Processing, Transhipment Processing, Gate Operations, Yard Management, Vessel Operations, Rail Operations and Statistical Reporting.
INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGIES
MOST MEDA COUNTRIES ARE POTENTIALLY READY FOR AN EXTENSIVE USE OF ICT TECHNOLOGIES TO PROVIDE FREQUENT, RELIABLE AND COMPETITIVE DOOR TO DOOR FREIGHT TRANSPORT OPERATIONS INCLUDING MARITIME SERVICES:
• COVERING ALL MAIN REQUIREMENTS DEVELOPMENT PLAN FOR IMPLEMENTING ICT SYSTEMS;
• EVEN THOUGH THERE ARE DIFFERENCES IN THE LEVEL OF PROGRESS AND IN THE FIELDS OF APPLICATION.