Satire In The Adventures Of Huckleberry Finn
Caricature A caricature is an extreme exaggeration of a character, either through literature or through drawing. Huckleberry Finn uses the literary types of caricature in his descriptions of main characters. I believe Huck uses this form of satire when he describes Jim, the King and the Duke, and of course Pap.
Throughout the entire novel, Huck makes the audience picture Jim as a stupid black man, which was stereotypical for that period of time. It is a form of caricature because it greatly exaggerates Jim. Jim is a great example of a caricature. This is a website that speaks about Jim. It backups how I think he is a caricature.
Pap is also a good example of a caricature. From what Huck describes him as, we visualize a hairy very scary looking older man. Huck makes him look like a crazy person, through his words and his appearance. When Huck tells about Pap being drunk in the cabin and ranting about blacks, politics and the government, we assume him to be insane.
Juxtaposition Juxtaposition is when a person parallels two different things in humorous ways. Huck and Finn are an example of Juxtaposition in themselves. Huck is white. Jim is black. Throughout the book we see how they are treated very differently just because of their races. Huck and Jim look like twins in this picture. They are lying together, and look like they're in the same position. They look like their minds are connected.
A scene in Huckleberry Finn that shows the art of juxtaposition very clearly would be when Jim and Huck are discussing the French language. A very humorous situation emerges when Huck begins comparing a Frenchman speaking French to a cat meowing. This entire scene is solely purposed to make Jim look very stupid, and make Huck look wise. “Well, den! Dad blame it, why doan’ he talk like a man? You answer me dat!” I see it warn’t no use wasting words-you can’t learn a nigger to argue. So I quit.”
Juxtaposition is used in many pages of Huck Finn. This article from a website that I have below is an example of how Jim’s humanity is hid “behind the Minstrels mask.” This website speaks more about Jim behind the minstrels mask. Jim is portrayed to look stupid in almost every way that Huck speaks about him. For example, in this picture he’s positioned in a way that's lower than Huck which makes him look inferior.
Parody The King and Duke make a huge parody out of all of Shakespeare’s works during their performance of Shakespeare’s Hamlet. These are additional examples of Satire in our everyday lives.
It has been said in history that The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn are merely a parody of Don Quixote. Tom is apparently a representation of Don. The website I have below goes into much detail on that topic. This website talks about how Don and Tom are really related
Mark Twain's parody is of that form of obituary poetry which was popular in the late nineteenth century. Twain's fictional character, Huckleberry Finn, tells of an obituary poem by the deceased Emmeline Grangerford (who dies before her fourteenth birthday according to the author) and as printed in the Presbyterian Observer. "Buck said she could rattle off poetry like nothing. She didn't ever have to stop to think. He said she would slap down a line, and if she couldn't find anything to rhyme with it she would just scratch it out and slap down another one, and go ahead. She warn't particular, she could write about anything you choose to give her to write about, just so it was sadful. Every time a man died, or a woman died, or a child died, she would be on hand withher `tribute' before he was cold. She called them tributes. The neighbors said it was the doctor first, then Emmeline, then the undertaker--the undertaker never got in ahead of Emmeline but once, and then she hung fire on a rhyme for the dead person's name, which was Whistler. She warn't ever the same, after that; she never complained, but she kind of pined away and did not live long." http://www.monash.com/buffy_parody.html
Hyperbole Hyperbole is an extreme over-exaggeration, such as freaking out over a certain issue. The video clip I have is a hyperbole by Hilary Clinton. I think it is a good example of what a hyperbole truly is. http://www.thedailyshow.com/video/index.jhtml?videoId=162954&title=moment-of-zen-hillarys-hyperbole
“Tom’s most well, now, and got his bullet around his neck on a watch-guard for a watch, and is always seeing what time it is, and so there ain’t nothing more to write about, and I am rotten glad of it, because if I’d a knowed what a trouble it was to make a book I wouldn’t a tackled it and ain’t agoing to no more. But I reckon I got to light out for the territory ahead of the rest, because Aunt Sally she’s going to adopt me and sivilize me and I can’t stand it. I been there before.”
Hyperboles are used very often in our everyday lives and we don’t even realize it. These are some great examples of hyperbole poems: What happens to a dream deferred?Does it dry upLike a raisin in the sun?Or fester like a sore--And then run?Does it stink like rotten meat?Or crust and sugar over--like a syrupy sweet?Maybe it just sagslike a heavy load.Or does it explode? good example of a hyperbole is a Taco Bell commerical that exaggerates the quality of their food. This is another poem that is considered a hyperbole.
Understatement Mark Twain is famous for using understatements. An understatement is when little emphasis is put on something that is more important. It is when an author makes something seem less important. "A soiled baby, with a neglected nose, cannot be conscientiously regarded as a thing of beauty.“ -Mark Twain This is Watson and Crick's famous understatement.
“It warn’t the grounding-that didn’t keep us back but a little. We blowed out a cylinder-head.” “Good gracious! Anybody hurt?” “No’m. Killed a nigger.” This is a great example of understatement in Huck Finn. Even Though obviously a man is dead, his death is an understatement solely because he was black.
“But by-and-by pap got too handy with his hickory, and I couldn't stand it. I was all over welts. He got to going away so much, too, and locking me in. Once he locked me in and was gone three days. It was dreadful lonesome. I judged he had got drowned and I wasn't ever going to get out anymore. I got scared.” Did you know that Huck Finn is connected to Dark American Culture?
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