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Role of Pharmacist in HIV/AIDS and TB in Hospitals and community Pharmacies. Dr. Ramesh Adepu Professor Department of Pharmacy Practice, JSS College of Pharmacy,Mysore D. Global statistics UN AIDS and WHO updates (2007). Men : 32.2 million Woman : 18.0 million
Dr. Ramesh Adepu
Department of Pharmacy Practice,
JSS College of Pharmacy,Mysore
Susan S, J Mohr, N Singh et al. Quality of life in patients with human immunodeficiency virus infection: impact of social support, coping style and hopelessness. Int. J STD AIDS. 1999;10:383-391
Social support is the major factor in improving the quality of life in HIV patients.
Murdaugh C. Health-related quality of life in HIV disease: Achieving a balance. J Asso Nurses in AIDS Care. 1998;9:59-71.
Nunes JA. Raymond SJ. Nicholas PK et al. Social support, Quality of life, Immune function, and Health in persons living with HIV. J Holis Nursing. 1995;13:174-198.
Studies on adherence behavior have observed that educational interventional strategies have enhanced the medication adherence behavior in HIV/AIDS patients.
Christopher M, Gordon. Commentary Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials for HIV Treatment Adherence Interventions. J Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome.2006; 43:36-40.
Pharmacist’s educator role in analyzing barriers in adherence and strategies to overcome them in HIV-infected patients by providing pharmaceutical care.
Cantwell-Mcnelis K, Christoper W, James. Role of clinical Pharmacist in Outpatient HIV Clinic. Medscape .2002; 59:447-52.
In a randomized study conducted at a NGO AIDS Care research center, pharmacist provided counseling has shown a significant improvement in adherence behavior. The study also observed a significant increase (p<0.01) in the number of patients, shifting from positive screen to negative screen scores of BMQ.
Mini, RameshAdepu, S.N.Mothi, T.Swami, Unpublished thesis, RGUHS 2008
How to open the condom packet,
How to unroll,
Use of the condom,
Removal and disposal of the condom.
To maintain personal hygiene
Patients should be told to avoid alcohol, tobacco, narcotic drugs and situations, which force to indulge in to the activities, which worsens their problem.
They must be told to be away from sick people and check for opportunistic infections especially TB.
Patients should be encouraged to visit their clinician on a regular basis for better care.
The main functions of an ICTC include:
Displaying the charts,
Calendars in the pharmacy,
Displaying the messages on the leaflets given to the patients,
Wearing a badge around the arm that he can give information on AIDS to the patients.
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