Research Misconduct Thomas J. Inzana, Ph.D. Associate Vice-President for Research Programs and Research Integrity Officer Federal Laws on Research Misconduct Public concern over research misconduct initially arose in the early 1980’s.
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Thomas J. Inzana, Ph.D.
Associate Vice-President for Research Programs
Research Integrity Officer
SCIENTIFIC MISCONDUCT: How Prevalent Is Fraud? That's a million-Dollar QuestionScience 1 December 2000: Vol. 290. no. 5497, pp. 1662 - 1663
How often does scientific misconduct occur? There seems to be no consensus on the answer, although a range of estimates were presented at a conference called last month by a key federal watchdog agency to announce a $1 million grants program to investigate the prevalence of fraud, data fabrication, plagiarism, and other questionable practices in science. The 9-year-old Office of Research Integrity hopes to support studies gauging the frequency of misconduct and assessing efforts to raise ethical standards.
267 reports of research misconduct (2004)
products are based on one‘s own research
that may be interpreted as questionable
giving due credit (plagiarism)
connection with one’s own research
previous research ????
interpretation of data
response to pressure from a funding source (falsification)
on a gut feeling that they were inaccurate
by own lab or others
Fabricated 6 interview records
Fabricated claim of Ph.D.
(B.S. and M.S. also)
Falsified that she was
co-author on 10 articles
Did I say I have a Ph.D. in Epidemiology?
MADISON, WISCONSIN--After making the difficult decision to turn in their adviser for scientific misconduct, a group of graduate students is trying to recover from the resulting damage to their careers.
One afternoon, in the conference room down the hall from the lab, Ly told Goodwin she was concerned about her progress: The project she'd been working on, Ly felt, wasn't yielding usable results. Despite months of effort, Ly was unable to replicate earlier observations from the lab.
A researcher formerly at the University of Vermont College of Medicine has admitted in court documents to falsifying data in 15 federal grant applications and numerous published articles.
Eric Poehlman, an expert on menopause, aging, and metabolism, faces up to 5 years in jail and a $250,000 fine and has been barred for life from receiving any U.S. research funding.
The number and scope of falsifications discovered, along with the stature of the investigator, are quite remarkable. "This is probably one of the biggest misconduct cases ever,"
Poehlman, 49, first came under suspicion in 2000 when Walter DeNino, then a 24-year-old research assistant, found inconsistencies in spreadsheets used in a longitudinal study on aging.
In an effort to portray worsening health in the subjects, DeNino tells Science, "Dr. Poehlman would just switch the data points."
Scientists behaving badly
“To protect the integrity of science, we must look beyond falsification, fabrication and
plagiarism, to a wider range of questionable research practices”
Brian C. Martinson, Melissa S. Anderson and Raymond de Vries.
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