Probiotics and Allergy. Shalini Jain , Hariom Yadav and PR Sinha Animal Biochemistry Division National Dairy Research Institute Karnal,Haryana. Definition.
Shalini Jain , Hariom Yadav and PR Sinha
Animal Biochemistry Division
National Dairy Research Institute
Allergy is an adverse immune reaction to a molecule called allergen (protein) in our environment, which is normally harmless to the non-allergic person.
Classified according to symptoms they produce i.e. skin, nose and lungs etc and causes:
(Allergic rhinitis, Allergic asthma )
An allergen - a substance causing allergic disease in sensitized host. These allergens enter into body by various means:
Probiotics are friendly bacteria which have been demonstrated to have beneficial effects on human health and available in different forms like dairy products- dahi, yogurt, capsules etc.
A probiotic may be defined as: ‘A preparation or product containing viable, defined micro-organisms in sufficient numbers, which alter the microflora of the host intestine and, consuming by that, exert beneficial health effects on the host’ (Schrezenmeier & De Vrese 2001). For example: bifidus, lactobacillus.
To treat allergy, probiotic acts in different ways:
The term allergy encompasses a wide range of symptoms and conditions. Although allergies cannot be prevented, they can be treated and controlled. By making changes in the environment and to their diets patients can greatly limit exposure to certain allergens and reduce and control their symptoms. If environmental control does not work, medication, immunotherapy and alternative therapy can help control the disease. Probiotics will offer consumers an alternative to more invasive, medical means of treating allergy, and provide a dietary means of optimizing health and well-being.