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Pro-Access accessible workflows Funded within the framework of eLearning Programme 24th May – Amsterdam Cristina Mussinelli - Associazione Italiana Editori The ProAccess objective improve accessibility of educational content for visually impaired people disseminate the best practices and

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pro access accessible workflows

Pro-Accessaccessible workflows

Funded within the framework of eLearning Programme

24th May – Amsterdam

Cristina Mussinelli - Associazione Italiana Editori

the proaccess objective
The ProAccess objective

improve accessibility of educational content for visually impairedpeople

disseminate the bestpractices and

guidelines stemming from theresults of two

previous EU funded projects:


increase thepossibility for visually impaired people involved

in any educational process to accesscourse material on a timely

basis, especially asdigital files, that can easily be used with PC

why this meeting today
Why this meeting today
  • illustration of the main points in thePro Access valorisation report on the results of Ormee and Euain in reference to the specific applications in the educational environment;
  • the discussion and collaboration among the various stakeholders in order to decide best indications to create accessible content in the respect of demands of the visually impaired users and of the rights of the content producers.

a common agreement on possible solutions

the educational content ormee euain
The educational content: Ormee + Euain

publishing houses










of visually



ormee purpose
ORMEE purpose
  • analysis of the implementation of the EU Copyright Directive in all the European countries
  • adoption of the DMR to protect the rights of the contents producers
  • estimation of the best available applications in the environment eLearning, the best technologies and the legal actual services for eLearning objects
ormee results
ORMEE results


  • set of licenses among all the actors (authors, content providers, aggregators, suppliers, distributors, end users) involved in the value chain of creating, distributing and accessing to educational content
  • technical protection measures
  • solutions to regulate the access to copyrighted content

possible solutions to the protection of the copyright and its exceptions

Pro Access

collaboration among the various stakeholders


EUAIN results:

  • training materials with the objective to furnish the general knowledge to content producers and their suppliers for the creation of accessible educational contents
  • a tool named Demonstrator to verify if a document could be considered accessible or not
  • a list of all the accessible formats used during the AIP (Accessible Information Processing) and for each one:
  • characteristics
  • conversions processes to obtain accessible formats
  • standards assure an high-quality accessible information
  • guidelines for content producers

one EUAIN purpose:

  • to point out the different types of digital documents and to verify their accessibility for visually impaired people

individualization of the accessible formats

user’s needs

the accessible formats proposed by euain
The accessible formats proposed by EUAIN:
  • Pro Access
  • to decide what
  • of them considerkeeping in mind:
  • advantages

and disadvantages

of every format

  • the formats more frequently used
  • print paper
  • Audio
  • Daisy Book
  • Braille
  • ASCII Text
  • HTML (WAI/W3C)
  • XML
  • Multimedia Packages (E-books, PDF, DTB…)
  • format of departure
  • format of destination

Accessible materials in the educational environment

the educational materials

more widely used in the school environment at all school levels

accessible formats

  • Textbooks plus paper based supplementary materials
  • Multimedia interactive materials
    • Web sites
    • Educational software
    • Learning Objects
different levels of complexity
Different levels of complexity

Simple text = trade book, fiction and non fiction

  • Text only

Complex text = history, art, geography

  • Text
  • Images with captions
  • Graphs
  • Tables
  • Annotations

Specific text = math, chemistry

  • With formulas
  • Exercises
textbooks plus paper based supplementary materials
Textbooks plus paper based supplementary materials

The actual situation

  • The production is focused on paper production
  • Uses DTP software like QuarkXPress, Adobe InDesign
  • Not structured file
  • PDF as final file for print

How to create accessible versions?

Already published materials

  • scanning from paper
  • conversion from DTP files

New products

  • change in the production processes
the more interesting guidelines in the educational environment
The more interesting guidelines in the educational environment
  • production of Multimedia Interactive materials for schools

e-learning courses

multimedia e-books


educational software

  • creating accessible web content using Macromedia Dreamweaver (WebAIM)
  • preparing accessible Flash
pro access final evaluation
Pro Access final evaluation

evaluation with stakeholders of the all aspects ( legal and about formats) involved in the process to produce and distribute accessible content in the educational market

some hypothesis of opportunities and threats