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Plans and Planning Plan: A detailed scheme, program, or method worked out beforehand for the accomplishment of an objective. Types of Plans Financial Wedding Event Estate Military Kitchen Definition Planning: The process of preparing a detailed scheme……..to accomplish an objective.

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plans and planning

Plans and Planning

Plan: A detailed scheme, program, or method worked out beforehand for the accomplishment of an objective.

types of plans
Types of Plans
  • Financial
  • Wedding
  • Event
  • Estate
  • Military
  • Kitchen
definition
Definition
  • Planning: The process of preparing a detailed scheme……..to accomplish an objective.
  • Planning is future-oriented and comprehensive.
  • It seeks to link knowledge and action in ways that improve the quality of public and private development decisions affecting people and places.
  • Planning embraces visionary and utopian thinking, yet also recognizes that the implementation of plans requires the reconciliation of present realities.
purpose of urban planning
Purpose of Urban Planning
  • Promote the public good;
  • Help meet human needs in a manner that enhances the quality and distribution of resources in the physical, social and economic environment; and
  • Advocate an open, informed and inclusive public decision making process to reach rational decisions.
history
History
  • Lake Dwellers
  • Rome
  • Paris
  • Barcelona
  • Washington, DC
  • Chicago, IL
traditional themes
Traditional Themes
  • Land Use
  • Environment
  • Transportation
  • Economic Development
  • Housing
  • Infrastructure
early approaches
Early Approaches
  • Dealt largely with how to create a healthy, attractive, efficient, and safe community.
  • Focused on forms, patterns, locations, and interrelationships of streets, public and private building sites, parks and recreation areas, shopping and industrial districts, etc.
  • Explored closely related legal and social issues like public control of land use and building height, bulk, and housing standards.
modern approaches
Modern Approaches
  • Embraces virtually all aspects of urban public administration:
    • Environmental protection
    • Economic development
    • Crime prevention
    • Conflict resolution
    • Prevention of gender, racial, ethnic, and age discrimination
current examples
Current Examples
  • Portland, OR
  • Boulder, CO
  • Teton County, WY
  • Davis, CA
traditional planning process
Traditional Planning Process
  • Rational Planning
    • Applies rational decisionmaking to planning process
  • Typical elements:
    • goal setting,
    • Identification of policy alternatives,
    • Evaluation of means against ends, and
    • Implementation of decisions with feedback loops and repetition of steps
rational planning process
Rational Planning Process
  • Formulation of goals and objectives
  • Identification and design of major alternatives
  • Prediction of consequences of each alternative
  • Evaluation of consequences in relation to desired objectives and values
  • Decision based on information provided in the preceding steps
  • Implementation of decision
  • Feedback and assessment of results
requirements for rational planning
Requirements for Rational Planning
  • Well defined problem
  • Alternatives to consider
  • Baseline information
  • Complete information about the consequences of each alternative
  • Information about the values and preferences of citizens
  • Adequate time, skill, and resources.
alternatives
Alternatives
  • Incremental
    • Push and pull approach
    • “Satisficing”
  • Advocacy
    • Social justice
  • Radical
    • Grass roots
legal issues
Legal Issues
  • Status of the plan
  • Relationship of the plan and the zoning ordinance
  • Jurisdictions
problems
Problems
  • Scale
  • Participation
  • Representation
  • Equity
  • Sustainability
  • Economy
  • Natural systems
  • Politics
  • Values