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Improvements to GFDN Planned for Operational Implementation in 2008 Morris Bender, Timothy Marchok ( GFDL ) PowerPoint Presentation
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Improvements to GFDN Planned for Operational Implementation in 2008 Morris Bender, Timothy Marchok ( GFDL )

Improvements to GFDN Planned for Operational Implementation in 2008 Morris Bender, Timothy Marchok ( GFDL )

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Improvements to GFDN Planned for Operational Implementation in 2008 Morris Bender, Timothy Marchok ( GFDL )

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  1. Improvements to GFDN Planned for Operational Implementation in 2008 Morris Bender, Timothy Marchok (GFDL) Isaac Ginis, Biju Thomas, Richard Yablonsky (URI) Carey Dickerman and Roger Stocker (FNMOC)

  2. LAST MAJOR GFDN UPGRADE WAS IN 2003 !!!THIS HAS RESULTED IN STEADY DECREASE IN MODEL RELIABILITY COMPARED TO THE WEATHER SERVICE’S VERSION OF THE GFDL MODEL 4 YEAR AVERAGE INTENSITY SKILL 4 YEAR AVERAGE TRACK SKILL GFDN GFDN GFDL GFDL

  3. SUMMARY OF 2008 GFDN MODEL UPGRADES • GFDN model Physics and Resolution will be consistent with NCEP’s GFDL Model • Addition of Third Mesh (Doubling of the Innermost Resolution to 1/12 degree) • Upgrade with NCEP’s Ferrier Micro-physics • (Replaces simplified large-scale condensation) • Dissipative Heating Effect Added • Improved Surface Momentum Fluxes Derived from Wave Model

  4. CURRENT GFDL COUPLED TO PRINCETON OCEAN MODEL (POM) SINCE 2001CURRENT GFDN MODEL IS STILL UNCOUPLED !! • NEW GFDN MODEL WILL BE COUPLED TO AN OCEAN MODEL IN ALL WORLD BASINS • Coupled to 3d version of POM model in Atlantic • (Identical to current version operational in GFDL) • Coupled to 1d Version of POM in all Other Ocean Basins (e.g.,Epac, Wpac, Indian Ocean, South Pacific) • (Current GFDL coupled to 1d version of POM in Eastern and Central Pacific) • Improved Loop Current Initialization in the Atlantic • (Will also be made operational in GFDL and HWRF in 2008) • Ocean to be initialized by the Navy Coupled Ocean Data Assimilation (NCODA) model on a daily basis.

  5. Improved Detail with High Resolution NCODA Ocean Data Set NOGAPS SSTs NCODA SSTs NCODA DATA CLIMATOLOGY Temperatures at 75 m Temperatures at 75 m

  6. IMPROVED TRACK AND INTENSITY SKILL AT ALL TIME LEVELS FOR SELECTED WPAC CASES (2005-2007) AVERAGE INTENSITY SKILL AVERAGE TRACK SKILL

  7. Removal of Severe West Bias in Tropical Storm Wukong (August 2006) 1 OLD GFDN 2 NEW GFDN 1 OLD GFDN 2 NEW GFDN

  8. Modest Improvement for Typhoon Cimaron (October 2006) 1 OLD GFDN 2 NEW GFDN 1 OLD GFDN 2 NEW GFDN

  9. Mixed Result for Typhoon NESAT (June 2005) 1 OLD GFDN 2 NEW GFDN 1 OLD GFDN 2 NEW GFDN

  10. IMPROVED INITIALIZATIONOFLOOP CURRENT & OCEAN EDDIES HURRICANE KATRINA (INITIAL TIME: 1200 UTC 26 AUGUST INITIAL TEMPERATURES AT THE 75 METER DEPTH 72H FORECASTED SSTs

  11. IMPROVED INTENSITY PREDICTION FOR KATRINA WITH BETTER INITIALIZATION OF LOOP CURRENT AND OCEAN EDDIES CENTRAL PRESSURE (hPa) MAXIMUM SURFACE WINDS (Knots) 1 OPERATIONAL 2005 GFDL 2 CURRENT LOOP CURRENT 3 NEW LOOP CURRENT 1 OPERATIONAL 2005 GFDL 2 CURRENT LOOP CURRENT 3 NEW LOOP CURRENT 1200 UTC 26 AUGUST

  12. IMPROVED PREDICTION OF HURRICANE DEAN (2007) WITH UPGRADED GFDN

  13. IMPROVED TRACK SKILL FOR DEAN AVERAGE TRACK SKILL

  14. NORTH BIAS ENTIRELY REMOVED 1 GFDL 2 NEW GFDN 3 OLD GFDN AUG. 16, 0Z AUG. 16, 12Z

  15. CONSISTENT TRACK PREDICTION WITH NEW GFDN MODEL FOR ALL OF DEAN COMPOSITE OF TRACKS FOR NEW GFDN

  16. PREDICTED MAJOR HURRICANE STATUS 1 GFDL 2 NEW GFDN 3 OLD GFDN MAXIUM SURFACE WINDS (KNOTS) CAT 3 AUG. 15, 18Z AUG. 16, 0Z CAT 4

  17. SUMMARY • GFDN MODEL TO BE UPGRADED WITH PHYSICS AND RESOLUTION CONSISTENT WITH PRESENT VERSION OF NCEP’S GFDL MODEL • TEST RESULTS INDICATED SIGNIFICANTLY IMPROVED RELIABILITY BOTH FOR TRACK AND INTENSITY PREDICTION WITH THE UPGRADED GFDN MODEL • IMPROVED PREDICTION INDICATED FOR HURRICANE DEAN (2007) AT ALL OF THE LEAD TIMES • GFDN, GFDL AND HWRF MODELS TO BE UPGRADED WITH IMPROVED INITIALIZATION OF THE LOOP CURRENT AND OCEAN EDDIES IN THE GULF OF MEXICO