old testament survey books of ruth and 1 samuel 7 l.
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Old-Testament Survey : Books of Ruth and 1 Samuel (7). A love story and Israel’s final judge. Ruth. During the period of the judges, a man named Elimelech moved to Moab to obtain food for his family during the famine in Israel. He took his wife Naomi and his two sons, Mahlon and Chilion.

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old testament survey books of ruth and 1 samuel 7

Old-Testament Survey:Books of Ruth and 1 Samuel(7)

A love story and Israel’s final judge

slide2

Ruth

  • During the period of the judges, a man named Elimelech moved to Moab to obtain food for his family during the famine in Israel.
  • He took his wife Naomi and his two sons, Mahlon and Chilion.
  • Elimelech died in Moab. His sons married Moabite women—Ruth and Orphah.
  • After ten years, the sons also died.
  • Naomi decided to return to Bethlehem.
slide4

Ruth

  • When her daughters-in-law decide to return to Judah with her, Naomi told them to stay in Moab where they had a better chance of remarrying.
  • Both women wanted to go with Naomi. Orphah heeded her advice and remained in Moab, but Ruth returned to Bethlehem with her mother-in-law.
  • “But Ruth said: ‘Entreat me not to leave you, or to turn back from following after you; for wherever you go, I will go; and wherever you lodge, I will lodge; your people shall be my people, and your God, my God. Where you die, I will die, and there will I be buried. The LORD do so to me, and more also, if anything but death parts you and me.’” (1:16,17)
slide5

Ruth

  • When they arrive in Bethlehem, Ruth goes into the fields to glean grain left behind by the harvesters. (Deut. 24:19-22; Lev. 19:9,10)
  • She gleans in the field of a man name Boaz.
  • She wins his favor because of her loyalty to Naomi and her willingness to work hard to support her.
  • Boaz, a rich man, shows special favor to Ruth.
    • Permits her to eat with his maidens.
    • Arranges for the workers to leave extra grain for her in the path where she is gleaning.
slide6

Ruth

  • Naomi tells Ruth that Boaz is a close relative.
  • She also tells her about the law of Levirate marriage (Deuteronomy 25:5-10).
  • Ruth sleeps at the feet of Boaz to remind him of his duty to the law so she can bear children.
  • Boaz explains that there is another relative who is closer than he is.
  • On the following day, before ten witnesses, the other man refuses to redeem Elimelech’s property and assume his duty toward Ruth.
  • A son, Obed, is born to Ruth and Boaz. Obed fathered Jesse, who fathered David.
slide7

1 Samuel

  • We now look at Israel’s last two judges.
  • Eli, the 14th judge, judged Israel for 40 years.
  • Samuel became the 15th judge.
  • Elkanah had two wives—Penniah, who had children, and Hannah, who was barren. Elkanah loved Hannah more than he loved Penniah.
  • Each time they went to Shiloh to worship, Hannah prayed that God would give her a son.
  • She was willing to give that son to the service of the Lord.
  • God heard her prayer, and Hannah gave birth to a son whom she named Samuel.
slide8

Eli’s Reign Ends, and God Calls Samuel

  • Eli’s own sons were evil men. As priests, they took more than their allotted portions.
  • They were also immoral. Eli did not restrain them; he allowed them to continue as priests (3:13).
  • Eli was told that God was going to punish him.
  • Later, during the night, God called to the young Samuel, giving him the message for Eli (3:10-18).
  • Samuel grew in favor with God (3:19-21).
  • The Philistines and Israel fought at a place called Ebenezer.
  • Eli’s sons brought the ark of the covenant to the battle; the people rejoiced (4:1-6).
slide9

Eli’s Reign Ends, and God Calls Samuel

  • The following day, the ark is captured, Eli’s sons are killed, and Israel is defeated.
  • When Eli hears that the ark has been captured and his sons are dead, he falls over and breaks his neck (4:11-18).
  • Upon hearing of her husband’s death, Eli’s daughter-in-law goes into labor and gives birth to a son—Ichabod—meaning, ”the glory of the Lord is departed from Israel” (4:19-22).
  • Thus, God’s judgment against Eli’s house is complete.
slide10

The Philistines and the Ark

  • They carry the Ark to Ashdod and set it before the face of their god, Dagon. The next morning, he has fallen on his face.
  • They restore Dagon to his place. The next morning, his head and palms are cut off (5:1-5).
  • A plague of tumors breaks out against the people of Ashdod, so they move the ark to Gath (5:8).
  • A plague of tumors also breaks out in Gath, and they soon move the ark to Ekron.
  • Tumors also plague Ekron. After seven months, they decide to return the ark, with a trespass offering, to Israel (5:11,12).
slide11

The Philistines and the Ark

  • They place the ark, with the trespass offering, on a new cart pulled by two milk cows whose calves were in the stalls.
  • If the cows return to the calves, the plague is just coincidental to the ark’s capture. If they pull the cart to a nearby Israel town, the Philistines will know that God sent the plague (6:-1-10).
  • The cows pull the ark to Beth-shemesh (6:10-18).
slide12

Israel Sins With the Ark

  • They brought the ark to the house of a man named Joshua.
  • The Levites came down to service the ark.
  • The men of the city viewed the ark--a violation of the law. Only the Levites were allowed to view the ark.
  • God sent a plague and 50,700 men died.
  • They moved the ark to Kirjath-jearim, where it remained for 20 years in the house of Abinadab (7:1,2).
slide13

Samuel’s Call to the People

  • Samuel calls on Israel to put away their foreign gods so God will deliver them from the Philistines.
  • Israel gathers at Mizpah to worship God.
  • As they worship, the Philistines attack them, but God delivers them (7:10).
  • Samuel erected a stone, and they called the place Ebenezer, ”the stone of help” (7:12).
  • Israel captured many cities they had previously lost to the Philistines (7:14)
  • Samuel judged Israel his whole life. Rode a circuit from Bethel to Gilgal to Mizpah.