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MAINSTREAMING DECENT WORK INTO POVERTY ERADICATION POLICIES . presented by Ladis Columban Komba (Phd) Permanent Secretary, Ministry of Labor, Employment and Youth Development, Tanzania
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Ladis Columban Komba (Phd)
Permanent Secretary, Ministry of Labor, Employment and Youth Development, Tanzania
At the International Forum on the Eradication of Poverty, held at UN Headquarters, New York, USA 15th– 16th November 2006
As advocated by ILO the DWA strives for economic growth with equity through a coherent blend of social and economic goals. The Agenda has four elements:
Enhancing access to basic needs
a fight against hunger, provision of health services, basic education and skills, decent shelter and basic utilities (water, electricity, communication)
Increasing income levels of the peoplethrough increasing opportunities for decent work, access to financial services and profitable markets
Mainstreaming cross cutting issues
for sustainability, gender, environmental concerns and the HIV/AIDS must be mainstreamed into poverty eradication programs
Improving agricultural productivity
due to the dominance of the sector in most poor countries, a bigger impact would be realized by focusing on it
Enhancing investments in Industries
as a means of absorbing excess labor force from the agricultural sector, minimizing the dependence on imports and enhancing the market for agricultural produce. In any case, due to being more formal, the sector is more compatible with the decent work agenda.
Empowering the private sector
to take the lead as most Governments withdraw from active production and business undertakings following developmental reforms
Major causes mentioned include globalization, technological improvements, low capacity of the private sector to create employment, economic growth rate not coping with the population growth rate (2.9%), (700,000 enter the labor force annually while formal employment opportunities are 40,000), economic hardships and low quality of life in rural areas, child labor and change in roles of women in employment, privatization process, lack of access to credit facilities, lack of necessary skills among jobseekers and shortage of entrepreneurial skills necessary for self employment initiatives
More significant impacts include increasing income poverty, rural-urban migration that worsens the problem in towns, youth being the mostly affected become victims of un-decent work and potential criminals. Lack of proper education among working children make them unemployable at later stages. All these may have a negative impact on investments, and generally on economic development