ISSUES IN SPORTS THREATS TO THE INTEGRITY OF SPORT Academic issues Breaking the rules to gain competitive advantages Pressures to win Violence Gambling Arms race Excessive commercialization Drug abuse PERFORMANCE-ENHANCING DRUGS IN SPORTS PERFORMANCE-ENHANCING DRUGS IN SPORTS
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______ 1. All educational institutions today are in full compliance with Title IX of the 1972 Education Amendments because it is federal law.
______ 2. Title IX applies only to those programs in an educational institution that directly receive federal financial assistance.
______ 3. No federal money has ever been lost because of a violation of Title IX.
______ 4. Title IX permits those men’s teams that generate revenue to receive additional financial aid and program benefits as long as these benefits are paid for out of the revenues that are produced by these sports.
______ 5. The three-part test used for determining participation opportunities requires the elimination of men’s sports teams in order to achieve proportionality.
______ 6. The ratio of males and females within the undergraduate student body is used as the basis for determining whether participation opportunities for males and females are substantially proportional.
______ 7. One way to comply with the participation opportunities required by Title IX is to provide the same number of men’s teams as women’s teams.
______ 8. Title IX requires the expenditure of the equal amount of funds for men’s intercollegiate athletics as for women’s intercollegiate athletics.
______ 9. Title IX requires that coaches of women’s teams receive the same salaries as the coaches of men’s teams.
______ 10. An institution found guilty of violating Title IX risks having to pay compensatory and/or punitive damages.
Poorly trained coaches
Parental interference and pressure
Loss of values or ideals (cheating)
Injury risks ignored
Violence and gamesmanship
Only the skilled play — the others sit on the bench
Restricted to one position
Financial burden on parents and disruptive to families
Not fun any morePROBLEMS IN YOUTH SPORTS