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Animal Science Chapter #1 What is Animal Science? Care, management and production of domestic animals Animals used for food, clothing, weapons & tools What was the first domesticated animal? Dog for tracking, then herding Domestication

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animal science

Animal Science

Chapter #1

what is animal science
What is Animal Science?
  • Care, management and production of domestic animals
  • Animals used for food, clothing, weapons & tools
  • What was the first domesticated animal?

Dog for tracking, then herding

domestication
Domestication
  • After animals become domesticated, they become dependent on man
  • Most can’t survive in wild
  • Most poultry can’t fly
  • Sheep don’t shed wool
  • Cows produce 20,000 lbs milk / year
  • Birds produce 250 eggs / yr. (20 in wild)
animal use as food
Animal Use as Food
  • Meat - (muscle tissue) Beef, Pork, Lamb, Goat, Poultry
  • Milk - inexpensive source of protein
    • cheese, ice cream, yogurt
  • Eggs - pastries, mayonnaise, custards
animal by products
Animal By-Products
  • Bones - buttons, glue, mineral supplement for livestock feed (Calcium)
  • Fat - chemicals, salves, creams, dressings, lubricants, soaps, food
  • Glands - medicines, food additives
  • Collagen - (connective tissue in joints) glue & gelatin
  • Intestinal & Stomach tissue - lunch meats, surgical sutures, strings for musical & sports instruments (contents = fertilizer)
animal use as work
Animal Use as Work
  • Cultivate land
  • Transportation
  • Control other animals
  • Assist physically & medically handicapped
    • Blind
    • Epileptic & Diabetic
other animal use
Other Animal Use
  • Hides - leather
  • Hair - wool, mohair, fiber
  • Lab Animals - mice, rats, guinea pigs etc.
  • Pets
what is the future of animal science
What is the future of Animal Science?
  • Embryo Transplant - can produce 20 calves from one cow per year
  • Cloning - using an animal cell to grow an identical duplicate animal
  • ??????
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