How to Take Better PhotographsUsing the Toshiba PDR M71by Mrs. C. Thornton
Automatic Mode • Automatic mode allows the camera to set the shutter speed, aperture, white balance and focus without changing any settings yourself. • While automatic mode is good for most photographs, there are times when knowing a little more about the camera comes in handy. • The exposure (shutter speed and aperture) is controlled automatically when the camera is set in the automatic mode. Always press the shutter button halfway down to focus, then all the way down to take the picture. http://126.96.36.199/03/03-00.htm
The button in the center of the vertical column sets image size and quality. Image size can be set to full, half or small. The bigger the size, the more pixels, or space the photo will take up. Image quality can be adjusted. To fine, normal or basic. http://188.8.131.52/03/03-01.htm Fine takes up more memory space but is a higher quality than normal or basic. For our purposes, the center setting is perfect. Image Size and Quality
Aperture Priority in Manual Mode • Aperture priority mode allows you to control the size of the lens opening. • The smaller the lens opening, the sharper the background and foreground are. Use this setting for landscapes • Use a larger aperture for close-up pictures to blur the background while your subject remains in focus. Manual mode is where you can manually set white balance, exposure, aperture value, shutter speed and AE (auto-exposure) position. http://184.108.40.206/03/03-03.htm
Aperture Priority in Manual Mode continued… Press enter and the manual settings are displayed Under EXP., exposure control (using the enter button like a joystick) select Av, aperture priority. The up arrow on the enter button reduces the aperture size, and the down button increases aperture size. These settings are known as F stops. The smaller the F stop, the larger the aperture size. The camera automatically sets the shutter speed.
Under EXP. Select Tv A faster shutter speed makes a moving object look like it is not moving, a spinning wheel will not be blurred..use this for sports action. A slower shutter speed makes the object look like it is moving, a spinning wheel will be blurred. http://220.127.116.11/03/03-02.htm Shutter Speed-priority in Manual Mode Use the enter button to select speed. The speed is shown as a fraction. The up arrow increases the speed, the down arrow decreases the speed.
Focus Avoid blurry pictures! • Keep your body still during exposure, you could even brace your body against a tree • Keep your elbows close to your body • Use the viewfinder instead of the LCD panel • Consider using the monopod • http://18.104.22.168/04/04-00.htm
Exposure Compensation/Lighting • For most photos, the automatic setting works great. But consider a snow scene, or a picnic under the trees with a bright sky. • Exposure compensation is called for in these cases. The scenes are either too bright, or too dark. • With the mode dial set on manual, use the side arrows on the enter button to change the exposure. • http://22.214.171.124/05/05-00.htm • Use +2 when your subject is in the shadow. • Use +1 for sunset, beach, or snow scenes • Use –1 when background is dark • Use –2 when large portions of photo are dark.
Flash Photography • A flash is good to use when photographing people in the classroom. • Set the camera to either auto or manual. • The red-eye forced flash is. actually a double flash. It works by a short flash closing the iris to prevent the light of the next flash from bouncing off the retina causing red-eye. • Press the flash button to choose which option you will use. • Use the red-eye forced flash when photographing people. http://126.96.36.199/08/08-00.htm
References • Curtin, D. (2000). Digital Photography, the textbook. Retrieved August 6, 2004 from: http://188.8.131.52/contents.htm • Toshiba Instruction Manual. Retrieved August 6, 2004 from: http://www.toshiba.com/taisisd/isd_svc/svcdsc/_ pdf/m71/m71manual.pdf