helmet policies and the colorado 4 h horse program l.
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Helmet Policies and the Colorado 4-H Horse Program The 4-H Mission 4-H Youth Development Education creates supportive environments for culturally diverse youth and adults to reach their fullest potential. In support of this mission, we will:

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the 4 h mission
The 4-H Mission

4-H Youth Development Education creates supportive environments for culturally diverse youth and adults to reach their fullest potential. In support of this mission, we will:

• Provide formal and non-formal community-focused experiential learning.

• Develop skills that benefit youth throughout life.

• Foster leadership and volunteerism in youth and adults.

• Build internal and external youth/adult partnerships for programming and funding.

• Strengthen families and communities.

• Use research-based knowledge and the land-grant university system.

Achievement of this mission will result in capable, competent, and caring citizens.

the 4 h value set
The 4-H Value Set
  • We believe that youth development is the focus of everything we do.
  • We believe youth/adult partnerships are essential to successful youth development.
  • We believe that volunteerism is fundamental.
  • We believe in the strength attained from diversity across the entire range of 4-H experiences.
colorado 4 h development handbook introduction and philosophy targeting life skills
Colorado 4-H Development Handbook: Introduction and Philosophy; Targeting Life Skills

“The goal of youth programming is to provide developmentally appropriate opportunities for young people to experience life skills, to practice them until they are learned, and be able to use them as necessary throughout a lifetime. Through the experiential learning process, youth internalize the knowledge and gain the ability to apply the skills appropriately.”

slide6

Idaho, Arizona, Arkansas, Colorado, Ohio, Nebraska – some counties

Alaska, Hawaii – complete rule;

9 states have statewide no rule

25 states have complete rules (all events, all the time)

colorado county decision
Colorado – county decision
  • Counties requiring helmets include:
    • Fremont, Jackson, Larimer, San Miguel
    • El Paso, La Plata (gymkhana only)
colorado state university
Colorado State University
  • Helmets are required at all times for all riders participating in CSU equine activities.
4 h horse project manual
4-H Horse Project Manual
  • Chapter 16 – Horse Safety Guidelines

“Wear protective headgear when riding. This should be strictly adhered to in any form of riding.”

slide10

How prevalent are horse related injuries?

“The rate of serious injury per number of riding hours is estimated to be higher for horseback riders than for motorcyclists and automobile racers”

JL Firth, “Equestrian injuries”, in Sports injuries: mechanisms, prevention and treatment. (cited on CDC web page)

how prevalent are horse related head injuries
How prevalent are horse related head injuries?

National Electronic Injury Surveillance System (NEISS) data tracks emergency room visits.

1997 data:

58710 horse-related emergency room visits

9633 head injuries (1 out of every 6 visits)

2089 foot and toe injuries

head injuries don t heal
Head injuries don’t “heal”.
  • The damaged portions of the brain remain damaged.
  • Other portions of the brain may compensate.
head injuries don t heal13
Head injuries don’t “heal”.
  • The damaged portions of the brain remain damaged.
  • Other portions of the brain may compensate.
  • Other portions of the brain might not compensate.
excerpts from injury in colorado colorado department of public health and environment 2005 p 67
Excerpts from “Injury in Colorado”, Colorado Department of Public Health and Environment, 2005. (p. 67)
  • Focusing specifically on equestrian injuries, in 1998 an estimated 64,608 individuals were treated in U.S. hospital emergency departments for horse related injuries. Nineteen percent of those injuries were to the head or face.
  • The rate of horseback riding injury sufficiently severe to require hospital-based emergency care was an estimated 28 per 100,000 riding hours, compared to the rate of 3.7 per 100,000 riding hours for bicycle-related injuries.
excerpts from injury in colorado colorado department of public health and environment 2005 p 6715
Excerpts from “Injury in Colorado”, Colorado Department of Public Health and Environment, 2005. (p. 67)
  • From analysis of data from the Colorado Traumatic Brain Injury Surveillance, 179 Coloradans were hospitalized in 2001 and 2002 with a traumatic brain injury sustained while riding a horse. An estimated 14 percent were known to be wearing a helmet at the time of the injury. Approximately two-thirds of the horse riders (65 percent) were female. Half of the riders were age 42 or older, however, 16 percent were ages 5-14.
  • On average, five bicyclists are killed and 166 are hospitalized each year for a traumatic brain injury sustained in a bicycle crash.
excerpts from injury in colorado colorado department of public health and environment 2005 p 72
Excerpts from “Injury in Colorado”, Colorado Department of Public Health and Environment, 2005. (p. 72)
  • Recommended strategy for prevention:

Injuries due to horse riding

Work with county extension agencies, 4-H, and other equestrian groups to promote equestrian helmet use.

helmets are ugly19
Helmets are ugly
  • They won’t seem so ugly once we get used to them.
  • Is fashion more important than safety?
ski helmets reduce head injury
Ski helmets reduce head injury
  • Helmets reduced head injury among skiers by 60%(6,000 skiers involved in study)

(Norwegian study published in Feb. 22, 2006 Journal of American Medical Association)

bicycle helmets reduce head injury
Bicycle helmets reduce head injury
  • Bicycle helmets reduce the risk of serious head injury by as much as 85% and the risk of brain injury by as much as 88%.

(Injury Fact Book, Center for Disease Control)

bicycle helmets reduce head injury24
Bicycle helmets reduce head injury
  • Bicycle helmets reduce the risk of serious head injury by as much as 85% and the risk of brain injury by as much as 88%.

(Injury Fact Book, Center for Disease Control)

slide26

Deb Mohon – 11 time NFR qualifier

Delores Toole – 2004 NFR

helmets cost too much
Helmets cost too much!
  • Troxel helmets available through National Safe Kids Campaign.
    • $25 each if purchased individually.
    • $20 each if purchased in bulk (10 or more).
  • Other helmets are available at local tack shops.
i don t like mandatory rules30
Current mandatory requirements include:

Boots (to protect feet)

Long-sleeved shirt (to protect arms)

“I don’t like mandatory rules!”
i don t like mandatory rules31
Current mandatory requirements include:

Boots (to protect feet)

Long-sleeved shirt (to protect arms)

Long pants (to protect legs)

“I don’t like mandatory rules!”
i don t like mandatory rules32
Current mandatory requirements include:

Boots (to protect feet)

Long-sleeved shirt (to protect arms)

Long pants (to protect legs)

Belt

“I don’t like mandatory rules!”
i don t like mandatory rules33
Current mandatory requirements include:

Boots (to protect feet)

Long-sleeved shirt (to protect arms)

Long pants (to protect legs)

Belt

Coat (English riders)

“I don’t like mandatory rules!”
i don t like mandatory rules34
Current mandatory requirements include:

Boots (to protect feet)

Long-sleeved shirt (to protect arms)

Long pants (to protect legs)

Belt

Coat (English riders)

“A conservative-colored hunt or dressage coat, light-colored breeches…”

“I don’t like mandatory rules!”
a helmet requirement will hurt enrollment36
“A helmet requirement will hurt enrollment.”
  • Do we value numbers over safety???
a helmet requirement will hurt enrollment37
“A helmet requirement will hurt enrollment.”
  • Do we value numbers over safety???
  • 15 states with mandatory helmet policies responded to Brenda Brown’s survey
  • 10 states saw little or no effect on enrollment
  • 3 states reported temporary effect
  • 1 state said impact varied depending on staff attitudes in counties
  • 1 state policy was too new to know effect
slide38

Program

announced,

video required

No helmet

program

No helmet

program

Helmets

required

Helmets

required

Larimer County’s experience:

helmets are not traditional40
Helmets are not traditional
  • Let’s make safety a tradition
education or policy
Education or Policy?
  • Studies on bicycle helmet use indicate education alone is less effective than a combination of education and helmet requirements.

Harborview Injury Prevention and Research Center, University of Washington, 1997

education or policy42
Education or Policy?
  • Studies on bicycle helmet use indicate education alone is less effective than a combination of education and helmet requirements.
  • BOTH education and helmet requirements for youths are needed.

Harborview Injury Prevention and Research Center, University of Washington, 1997

excerpts from injury in colorado colorado department of public health and environment 2005 p 65
Excerpts from “Injury in Colorado”, Colorado Department of Public Health and Environment, 2005. (p. 65)

Helmet use varies widely across the U.S., with higher use in states with helmet laws.

Additionally, children living in households with adults who reported always using bicycle helmets were 3.6 times more likely to also always use bicycle helmets as compared to children living with adults who did not always use bicycle helmets.

why a statewide policy45
Why a statewide policy?
  • More efficient – deal with the issue once
why a statewide policy46
Why a statewide policy?
  • More efficient – deal with the issue once
  • Takes pressure off county staff – reduces conflict
why a statewide policy47
Why a statewide policy?
  • More efficient – deal with the issue once
  • Takes pressure off county staff – reduces conflict
  • Easier to implement
    • State Fair showmanship “mishap”
    • Larimer County leader advised members they didn’t need to wear helmets at State Fair “because (the Extension Agent) won’t be there”
why a statewide policy48
Why a statewide policy?
  • More efficient – deal with the issue once
  • Takes pressure off county staff – reduces conflict
  • Easier to implement
    • State Fair showmanship “mishap”
    • Larimer County leader advised members they didn’t need to wear helmets at State Fair “because (the Extension Agent) won’t be there”
  • ALL our members deserve good safety policies
why a statewide policy49
Why a statewide policy?
  • We believe that youth development is the focus of everything we do.
  • We develop skills that benefit youth throughout life.
  • We use research-based knowledge and the land-grant university system.