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General principles of auditing a HACCP system according to the NHP – part 1 26 – 27 June 2006 Workshop RTP 22343 on the New Hygiene package in the animal origin food sector Kosice, Slovakia | H. Claus DVM INTRODUCTION Hans Claus DVM ‘Voedsel en Waren Autoriteit’ of the Netherlands

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general principles of auditing a haccp system according to the nhp part 1

General principles of auditing a HACCP system according to the NHP – part 1

26 – 27 June 2006

Workshop RTP 22343 on the New Hygiene package in the animal origin food sector Kosice, Slovakia | H. Claus DVM

introduction
INTRODUCTION
  • Hans Claus DVM
  • ‘Voedsel en Waren Autoriteit’ of the Netherlands
  • Dutch Food and Consumer Product Safety Authority
  • Post academic and in-service training of official veterinarians

Workshop RTP 22343 on the New Hygiene Package - Kosice, Slovakia | H. Claus DVM

slide3
Thank you for inviting me!

Workshop RTP 22343 on the New Hygiene Package - Kosice, Slovakia | H. Claus DVM

contents of the discussions
Contents of the discussions
  • Contributions (3)
  • Part – 1 General principles of auditing a HACCP system
  • according to the new Hygiene package(legal aspects.)
  • Part – 2 Nature and intensity of the official controls/audits based on
  • risk - focus on final-products controls in shops (practical.)
  • Part – 3 Implementation of the New Hygiene package in the animal
  • origin sector (differences in the control process before and
  • after the NHP adoption) – experience of the Netherlands

Workshop RTP 22343 on the New Hygiene Package - Kosice, Slovakia | H. Claus DVM

contents of today s discussion
Contents of today’s discussion
  • Part – 1
  • Introduction
  • Base line concepts
  • Legal aspects of Implementing and Auditing HACCP
  • systems (NHP)
  • Auditing / controlling Retailers and Flexibility

Workshop RTP 22343 on the New Hygiene Package - Kosice, Slovakia | H. Claus DVM

introduction6
Introduction

Central Department VWA

CentreCourt

Voedsel en Waren Autoriteit (VWA)

Prinses Beatrixlaan 2

2595 AL The Hague

Workshop RTP 22343 on the New Hygiene Package - Kosice, Slovakia | H. Claus DVM

the netherlands
THE NETHERLANDS

Workshop RTP 22343 on the New Hygiene Package - Kosice, Slovakia | H. Claus DVM

the netherlands in a nut shell
THE NETHERLANDS in a nut shell
  • Size:41.526 km² (33.842 km² land / 3.468 km² inland water)
  • Population:16.407 491 million (est. 2005)[1970: 13 mil. /
  • 1980: 14 mil. / 1990: 15 mil.]
  • Capital:Amsterdam
  • Seat of Government:Den Haag(The Hague)
  • National anthem: Wilhelmus
  • Highest point:322,5 meter(Pietersberg)
  • National Airport:Schiphol(airport aprox. 22 feet below sea level)
  • National Harbour:Rotterdam (leading in the world)
  • Currency: EURO[until 1-1- 2002 the Guilder; Exch. rate / 2.203710]

Workshop RTP 22343 on the New Hygiene Package - Kosice, Slovakia | H. Claus DVM

approvals nl 31 12 2005
Approvals (NL) 31-12-2005
  • Food Businesses with an approval
  • Meat 3.796
  • Red meat (small capacity) 513
  • Fishery products, snails and frog’s legs 1.080
  • Veterinary border inspection controls 168
  • Life animals and Life animal products 5.921
  • Feed 769
  • Animal by-products 611
  • Aqua products 317
  • Total 13.175
  • (Source: VWA annual report 2005)

Workshop RTP 22343 on the New Hygiene Package - Kosice, Slovakia | H. Claus DVM

workshop or lecture
Workshop or lecture?
  • Exchange of views and experiences as peers!
  • Hand-out.

Workshop RTP 22343 on the New Hygiene Package - Kosice, Slovakia | H. Claus DVM

slide11

LET US START WITH THE WARMING-UP

AT THE BASE LINE!

Workshop RTP 22343 on the New Hygiene Package - Kosice, Slovakia | H. Claus DVM

base line concepts
Base line concepts
  • Movie Business FSA
  • Idea Businessplan EU
  • Author Guideline Sanco
  • Script GMP / GHP / HACCP Legislation
  • Senario Self control system Band width
  • Director Q-manager Off. Authority / FSA
  • Actors Workers Officials (Vets/Insp.)
  • Movie Compliance Food Safety
  • Money Profit Public Health

Workshop RTP 22343 on the New Hygiene Package - Kosice, Slovakia | H. Claus DVM

base line concepts13
Base line concepts
  • Supervision(Official Authority)on supervision (Food Business)
  • Who? State control
  • Rules of the game? Legislation
  • Pre- / limiting conditions? Regulations / Nat. guidelines
  • Responsibility? (EU) / Official Authority (FSA)
  • Referee? Officials
  • Competence? Decission (objective evidence)

Workshop RTP 22343 on the New Hygiene Package - Kosice, Slovakia | H. Claus DVM

base line concepts14
Base line concepts
  • Supervision (Official Authority)on supervision(Food Business)
  • Who? Food business operator (FBO)
  • Rules of the game? Legislation / GMP / GHP / SCS
  • Pre- / limiting conditions? 7 HACCP principles
  • Responsibility? Management
  • Referee? Quality manager
  • Competence? Derived / advisor

Workshop RTP 22343 on the New Hygiene Package - Kosice, Slovakia | H. Claus DVM

base line concepts15
Base line concepts
  • Inspection Control Audit
  • Random indications Sequence of indications System indications
  • Instanteneous picture More observations System observations
  • Fact oriented More proces oriented SCS oriented
  • ‘Frozen’ GMP/GHP ‘Dynamic’ GMP/GHP Performance (SCS)
  • Prerequisites (Prerequisites) HACCP Plan / Dossier
  • (Personal) Personal Training / performance
  • Product / facts (Product / facts) Test results
  • < Vet / Inspector, but public interest first > Independent / 3rd. party
  • ‘Photo’ ‘Video’ ‘Script / senario’

Workshop RTP 22343 on the New Hygiene Package - Kosice, Slovakia | H. Claus DVM

base line concepts16
Base line concepts
  • Official Controls (Auditing):
  • Type: Food Business Retail Shop
  • Scope: Total FB Mostly part of activities
  • QM level: Professional Mostly less professional
  • Attention: More and more Part of attention
  • HACCP: Fully implemented Partly / GHP/ flexibility
  • Non compliance: Warning – admin.fine – (temporary) close down
  • Effect: Close down whole FB Close down part of activities
  • Interest: Out of business Still in business

Workshop RTP 22343 on the New Hygiene Package - Kosice, Slovakia | H. Claus DVM

base line concepts17
Base line concepts
  • Primary sector=> transportation => reception => inspection => lairage => stunning => slaugthering => inspection => weighing/classification => chilling => cutting / boning => storage =>
  • fresh meat
  • cold store
  • transportation => meat preparations =>Wholesale trade
  • meat products
  • animal by-products Retailer
  • Consumer

Workshop RTP 22343 on the New Hygiene Package - Kosice, Slovakia | H. Claus DVM

base line concepts18
Base line concepts
  • GMP / GHP / SCS
  • Safe + Safe = Safe
  • Ingredients processing Food
  • Technical aspects
  • (direct / indirect)
  • Prerequisite + ……

Workshop RTP 22343 on the New Hygiene Package - Kosice, Slovakia | H. Claus DVM

base line concepts19
Base line concepts
  • awareness TQM philosophy
  • audit HACCP system
  • control SOP’S process
  • inspection GMP / GHP product

Workshop RTP 22343 on the New Hygiene Package - Kosice, Slovakia | H. Claus DVM

base line concepts20
Base line concepts
  • Risk analysis based on Reg. EC 852/2004, art 5
  • Identifying hazards.
  • Identifying CCP’s.
  • Establishing Critical limits at CCP’s.
  • Establishing monitoring procedures at CCP’s.
  • Establishing corrective actions.
  • Establishing verification procedures.
  • Establishing documents and records demonstrating the effective
  • application of the measures 1 – 6.

Workshop RTP 22343 on the New Hygiene Package - Kosice, Slovakia | H. Claus DVM

slide21

TIME FOR THE LEGAL ASPECTS

Workshop RTP 22343 on the New Hygiene Package - Kosice, Slovakia | H. Claus DVM

legal aspects
Legal aspects
  • Why legal aspects ?
  • ‘La raison d’être’
  • Understand the meaning;
  • Make it your backbone!

Workshop RTP 22343 on the New Hygiene Package - Kosice, Slovakia | H. Claus DVM

legal context hygiene package
Legal context – Hygiene Package

OFFICIAL CONTROLS 882/2004

FEED

183/2005

HYGIENE

852/2004

853/2004

854/2004

99/2002

H 5

183/2005

ANIMAL BY-

PRODUCTS

1774/2004

GMO

1829/2004

1830/2004

OTHER

DIRECTIVES

&

REG.

TSE / RES

General Food Law 178/2002 EC

Workshop RTP 22343 on the New Hygiene Package - Kosice, Slovakia | H. Claus DVM

legal context hygiene package24
Legal context – Hygiene Package

SANCO 660107 / 2005

TQM

ISO 9001 / 19011 / 22000

SCS / HACCP

Flexibility

GMP / GHP

853/2004

854/2004

882/2004

852/2004

178/2002

Workshop RTP 22343 on the New Hygiene Package - Kosice, Slovakia | H. Claus DVM

food safety legislation
Food safety legislation

Survey of the Hygiene Package

  • General Food law – Regulation 178/2002.
  • H 1 – Hygiene of foodstuffs – Regulation 852/2004.
  • H 2 – Hygiene rules for food of animal origin – Regulation

853/2004.

  • H 3 – Official controls (meat inspection) – Regulation 854/2004.
  • H 4 – Animal health – 2002/99 EC.
  • H 5 – Repealing 17 directives.
  • Feed Hygiene 183/2005 EC (January 12.)
  • Official Feed & Food Controls – Regulation 882/2004.

Workshop RTP 22343 on the New Hygiene Package - Kosice, Slovakia | H. Claus DVM

legal aspects26
Legal aspects
  • (1)Under Regulation (EC) No 882/2004 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 29 April 2004 on official controls performed to ensure the verification of compliance with feed and food law, animal health and animal welfare rules, and in particular Article 4(6) thereof, the competent authorities of the Member States are required to carry out internal audits or have external audits carried out in order to ensure that they are achieving the objectives of that Regulation.

Workshop RTP 22343 on the New Hygiene Package - Kosice, Slovakia | H. Claus DVM

inspection and control versus audit
Inspection and control versus audit
  • Inspection / control is what you see, observe and view the situation.
  • Audit is the art of finding out what you do not see.

Workshop RTP 22343 on the New Hygiene Package - Kosice, Slovakia | H. Claus DVM

legal aspects28
Legal aspects
  • Article 2(6) of Regulation (EU) 882/2004: definition of ‘audit’:
  • ‘Audit’ means a systematic and independent examination to determine whether activities and related results
  • comply with planned arrangements and whether these arrangements are implemented effectively and are suitable to achieve objectives.”
  • Audit: general and supervision oriented
  • System expert

Workshop RTP 22343 on the New Hygiene Package - Kosice, Slovakia | H. Claus DVM

legal aspects29
Legal aspects
  • ‘Control’(not official) is an objective observation of the compliance/conformity or non-compliance/non-conformity of the course of a process with legal requirements and/or SOP’s in a food business.
  • Control is based on visible evidence or observations
  • Control: process/matter oriented
  • Risk expert

Workshop RTP 22343 on the New Hygiene Package - Kosice, Slovakia | H. Claus DVM

legal aspects30
Legal aspects
  • Art. 2(7) of Reg. EC 882/2004, definition of inspection
  • ‘Inspection’ means the examination of any aspect of feed, food, animal health and animal welfare in order to verify that such aspect(s) comply with legal requirements of feed or food law, animal health and animal welfare.
  • Inspection is a systematic observation of visible evidence
  • Inspection: subject matter/product oriented
  • Product expert

Workshop RTP 22343 on the New Hygiene Package - Kosice, Slovakia | H. Claus DVM

legal aspects31
Legal aspects
  • Inspections and controls are also ‘verifications’ of compliance of the Self Control System with the Food Law and therefore in line with audits.
  • Inspections and controls are part of an interim verification.
  • Basic know-how of auditing and audits is necessary!
  • Audit is part of official controls
  • Auditing, controlling and inspecting will be a ‘great’ part of your work as officials!

Workshop RTP 22343 on the New Hygiene Package - Kosice, Slovakia | H. Claus DVM

legal aspects32
Legal aspects

We will highlight some of the legal aspects

Workshop RTP 22343 on the New Hygiene Package - Kosice, Slovakia | H. Claus DVM

legal aspects33
Legal aspects
  • Slides marked with a * at the end of the title are just mentioned for the sake of information and
  • to complete the (electronic) hand-out

Workshop RTP 22343 on the New Hygiene Package - Kosice, Slovakia | H. Claus DVM

legal aspects implementing
Legal aspects (implementing)*
  • Implementingand Auditing HACCP Systems
  • 1. Guiding Principles:
  • 1.a Compliance with planned arrangements;largely document review but also on-site and are the planned arrangements are suitable to achieve the objectives .
  • 1.b Effective implementation; assessment of effectiveness of the extent to which planned results are achieved, on-site operational implementation has to be included.

Workshop RTP 22343 on the New Hygiene Package - Kosice, Slovakia | H. Claus DVM

legal aspects implementing35
Legal aspects (implementing)*
  • 1.c Suitability to achieve objectives; of official controls / frequency and the methods having regard to the structure of the production chain(s) and to production practices and volume.

Workshop RTP 22343 on the New Hygiene Package - Kosice, Slovakia | H. Claus DVM

legal aspects implementing36
Legal aspects (implementing)*
  • 2. Audit reporting;
  • 2.1Conclusionsshould address compliance with the planned arrangements / effectiveness of the implementation / suitability of the planned arrangements to achieve the stated objectives, as appropriate based on objective evidence
  • 2.2Recommendationsshould address the end-resultto be delivered rather than means of correcting non-compliance. Recommendations should be based on sound conclusions!

Workshop RTP 22343 on the New Hygiene Package - Kosice, Slovakia | H. Claus DVM

legal aspects implementing37
Legal aspects (implementing)*
  • 3. Follow-up of audit results; Where appropriate, an actionplan should be drawn up and delivered by the auditee. It should propose time-bound corrective and preventive action to address any weakness identified by the audit

Workshop RTP 22343 on the New Hygiene Package - Kosice, Slovakia | H. Claus DVM

legal aspects implementing38
Legal aspects (implementing)*
  • 3.1Action planto assess whether the proposed corrective and preventive action is sufficient to address the recommendations of the audit report‘action plans’ should include risk-based prioritisation and timeframes for completion of corrective and preventive action.

Workshop RTP 22343 on the New Hygiene Package - Kosice, Slovakia | H. Claus DVM

legal aspects implementing39
Legal aspects (implementing)*
  • 3.2Corrective and preventive action;should not be confined to addressing specific technical requirements but should, where appropriate, include system-wide measures.

Workshop RTP 22343 on the New Hygiene Package - Kosice, Slovakia | H. Claus DVM

legal aspects implementing40
Legal aspects (implementing)*
  • A root-cause analysis of any non-compliance should be conducted by the auditeein order to determine the most appropriate corrective and preventive action. Any differences of opinion between the auditee and audit team should be resolved.

Workshop RTP 22343 on the New Hygiene Package - Kosice, Slovakia | H. Claus DVM

legal aspects implementing41
Legal aspects (implementing)*
  • 3.3Close-out:Mechanisms should be established to ensure that action plans are appropriate and that corrective and preventive actions are effectively completed in a timely manner. Procedures for verifying the close-out of the action plan should be agreed between the auditee and the audit team.

Workshop RTP 22343 on the New Hygiene Package - Kosice, Slovakia | H. Claus DVM

legal aspects implementing42
Legal aspects (implementing)*
  • 4.Audit review and dissemination of best practice; The implications of audit findings for other sectors and regions should be considered, For this purpose, reports should be made available to other sectors and regions within the Member State and to the Commission.
  • 5.Resources;Member States should ensure that competent authorities have sufficient implementing powers, and resources, with the appropriate authority, to establish, implement and maintain an effective audit system.

Workshop RTP 22343 on the New Hygiene Package - Kosice, Slovakia | H. Claus DVM

legal aspects implementing43
Legal aspects (implementing)*
  • 6. Auditor competence;

6.1 Generic knowledge and skills – audit principles,

procedures and techniques;

management/organisational skills.

  • 6.2 Specific technical knowledge and skills.
  • 6.3 Personal attributes.
  • 6.4Education
  • 6.5Work experience
  • 6.6 Auditor training and experience

Workshop RTP 22343 on the New Hygiene Package - Kosice, Slovakia | H. Claus DVM

legal aspects auditing
Legal aspects (auditing)*
  • Implementing and auditingHACCP systems
  • 1. Nature of the Audit Process:
  • 1.1Systematic approach;should be applied to for the planning, conduct, follow-up and management of audits.
  • The audit process should:
  • Be the result of a transparent planning process
  • identifying risk-based priorities in line.
  • Form part of an audit programme that ensures
  • adequate coverage of all relevant areas of activity.

Workshop RTP 22343 on the New Hygiene Package - Kosice, Slovakia | H. Claus DVM

legal aspects auditing45
Legal aspects (auditing)*
  • (continuation)
  • Be supported by documented audit procedures and
  • records to ensure consistency between auditors.
  • Include procedures for generating audit findings,
  • including the identification of evidence ofcompliance
  • and non-compliance.

Workshop RTP 22343 on the New Hygiene Package - Kosice, Slovakia | H. Claus DVM

legal aspects auditing46
Legal aspects (auditing)*
  • (continuation)
  • Include procedures to review audit conclusions, in
  • order to identify system-wide strengths and
  • weaknesses in the control system.
  • Be monitored and reviewed to ensure the audit
  • programme's objectives have been met and to
  • identify opportunities for improvement.

Workshop RTP 22343 on the New Hygiene Package - Kosice, Slovakia | H. Claus DVM

legal aspects auditing47
Legal aspects (auditing)*
  • 1.2 Transparency
  • In order to demonstrate the audit process is transparent, documented procedures should, in particular, include a clearly defined audit planning process, audit criteria and audit report-approval and distribution mechanisms.
  • Management and implementation of the audit process should be transparent to all relevant stakeholders.

Workshop RTP 22343 on the New Hygiene Package - Kosice, Slovakia | H. Claus DVM

legal aspects auditing48
Legal aspects (auditing)
  • 1.3 Independence
  • The audit system, audit body and auditors should beindependent of the activity being audited and free frombias and conflicts of interest.
  • Auditors should not audit areas or activities for which they have direct responsibility.
  • Where the audit team makes recommendations for corrective and preventive action, the auditee should choose the methods to be applied for such action.

Workshop RTP 22343 on the New Hygiene Package - Kosice, Slovakia | H. Claus DVM

legal aspects auditing49
Legal aspects (auditing)
  • 1.3 Independence
  • Auditees should not be in a position to impede the audit programme, findings or conclusions!

Workshop RTP 22343 on the New Hygiene Package - Kosice, Slovakia | H. Claus DVM

legal aspects auditing50
Legal aspects (auditing)*
  • 1.4 Independent scrutiny
  • In order to check whether the audit process is achieving its objectives, the audit process should be subject to scrutiny by an independent person or body.
  • Such independent person or body should have sufficient authority, expertise and resources to carry out this task effectively.
  • Such independent persons should have access to the audit process and be empowered to contribute fully to it

Workshop RTP 22343 on the New Hygiene Package - Kosice, Slovakia | H. Claus DVM

legal aspects auditing51
Legal aspects (auditing)
  • H1
  • Art. 5(1): Procedures must be based on HACCP principles
  • Art. 5(2)g: Documents/records must be commensurate to the nature and the size of the FB
  • Art. 5(5): (Nat,) Guides for the application of HACCP principles to facilitate the implementation of HACCP requirements by certain FBO’s

Workshop RTP 22343 on the New Hygiene Package - Kosice, Slovakia | H. Claus DVM

legal aspects auditing52
Legal aspects (auditing)
  • Keyword in auditing, control and inspection is:
  • ‘Objective evidence’
  • ‘Objective Evidence’ is information that can be proved
  • true based on facts obtained through observation,
  • measurement, test or other means’

Workshop RTP 22343 on the New Hygiene Package - Kosice, Slovakia | H. Claus DVM

slide54

AUDITING RETAILERS AND FLEXIBILITY

Workshop RTP 22343 on the New Hygiene Package - Kosice, Slovakia | H. Claus DVM

auditing retailers and flexibility
Auditing Retailers and Flexibility
  • Flexibility: Audit by bicycle !

Workshop RTP 22343 on the New Hygiene Package - Kosice, Slovakia | H. Claus DVM

auditing retailers and flexibility56
Auditing Retailers and Flexibility
  • Retailers are in most cases smaller enterprises or have limited food (business) processing activities as part of their retail business.
  • Reg. EU 852/2004 Art. 5, paragraph 1 says:
  • FBO’s shall put in place, implement and maintain a permanent procedure or procedures based on the HACCP principles.

Workshop RTP 22343 on the New Hygiene Package - Kosice, Slovakia | H. Claus DVM

auditing retailers and flexibility57
Auditing Retailers and Flexibility
  • The HACCP concept allows HACCP principles to be implementerd with the required flexibility so as to ensure that it can be applied in allcircumstances.
  • Food hygiene is the result of the implementation by FB’s of prerequisite requirements and procedures based on the HACCP principles

Workshop RTP 22343 on the New Hygiene Package - Kosice, Slovakia | H. Claus DVM

auditing retailers and flexibility58
Auditing Retailers and Flexibility
  • The prerequisite requirements provide the foundation of effective HACCP implementation and should be in place beforea HACCP based procedure is!
  • Codes to good practice (GMP/GHP) are a simple but efficient way to overcome difficulties that certain food businesses may encounter in implementing a detailed HACCP procedure and may help to control hazards and demonstrate without the need to proceed to a formal HACCP procedure.

Workshop RTP 22343 on the New Hygiene Package - Kosice, Slovakia | H. Claus DVM

auditing retailers and flexibility59
Auditing Retailers and Flexibility
  • Examples are:
  • Restaurants (well established culinary procedures!) / food handling on board of means of transport (vessels.)
  • Catering sectors dispatching prepared food from a centralestablishment.
  • Bakery and confectionary sector.
  • Retail shops including butcher shops.

Workshop RTP 22343 on the New Hygiene Package - Kosice, Slovakia | H. Claus DVM

auditing retailers and flexibility60
Auditing Retailers and Flexibility
  • In certain cases in particular in FB’s where there is no preparation, manufacturing and processing of food, it may seem that all hazards can be controlled through the implementation of the prerequisite requirements.
  • In these cases it can be considered that the first step of the HACCP procedure (hazard analysis) has been performed and that there is no further need to develop and implement the other HACCP principles

Workshop RTP 22343 on the New Hygiene Package - Kosice, Slovakia | H. Claus DVM

auditing retailers and flexibility61
Auditing Retailers and Flexibility
  • Examples are:
  • Marquees, marktstalls and mobile sales vehicles.
  • Establishments mainly serving bevarages (bars…)
  • Small retail shops (grocery shops.)
  • Transport and storage of prepacked food or
  • non perishable food.
  • Where there is usually no preparation of food except for
  • simple food preparations (slicing of food) that can be
  • carried out safely when applying the prerequisite food
  • hygiene correctly.

Workshop RTP 22343 on the New Hygiene Package - Kosice, Slovakia | H. Claus DVM

auditing retailers and flexibility62
Auditing Retailers and Flexibility
  • N.B.
  • Keep in mind that a HACCP system is a pre-activemanagement system and it will help to control hazards.
  • So tell the retailers and convince them, because many amongst them will experience the obligation to implement Codes of Good Practice or HACCP based systems as: ‘Justanother obligation / burden invented by EU bureaucracy’!

Workshop RTP 22343 on the New Hygiene Package - Kosice, Slovakia | H. Claus DVM

slide63

THE END OF PART – 1

Workshop RTP 22343 on the New Hygiene Package - Kosice, Slovakia | H. Claus DVM

general principles of auditing a haccp system according to the nhp part 2

General principles of auditing a HACCP system according to the NHP – Part 2

26 – 27 June 2006

Workshop RTP 22343 on the New Hygiene package in the animal origin food sector Kosice, Slovakia | H. Claus DVM

contents of the discussion
Contents of the discussion
  • Subject:
  • Nature and intensity of the official controls/audits based on risk - focus on final-products controls in shops (practical.)

Workshop RTP 22343 on the New Hygiene Package - Kosice, Slovakia | H. Claus DVM

contents of the discussion67
Contents of the discussion
  • Part – 2
  • Transitional period (2076/2005 EC)
  • Questions etc.
  • Practical approach.
  • Practical hints and examples.
  • Epilogue.

Workshop RTP 22343 on the New Hygiene Package - Kosice, Slovakia | H. Claus DVM

slide68

PART – 2

Workshop RTP 22343 on the New Hygiene Package - Kosice, Slovakia | H. Claus DVM

subject
Subject
  • Final products in this presentation are limited to foodstuff.
  • Definition of foodstuff(Reg. EC 178/2002, art. 2):
  • Food / foodstuff means a substance or product, whether processed, partially processed or unprocessed, intended to be, or reasonably expected to be ingested by human.
  • Food includes drink, chewing gum and any substance, including water intentionally incorporated into food during manufacture, preparation or treatment.

Workshop RTP 22343 on the New Hygiene Package - Kosice, Slovakia | H. Claus DVM

slide70

TRANSITIONAL PERIOD

Workshop RTP 22343 on the New Hygiene Package - Kosice, Slovakia | H. Claus DVM

transitional period reg ec 2076 2005
Transitional period Reg. EC 2076/2005
  • Entry into application of the NHP will entail considerable changes to the rules and procedures to be followed by the F(B)Os and the Competent Authorities.
  • A period of four years or where justified or shorter, for progressive implementation.
  • FBs which were not approved in the past but must now, can continue marketing on the national market untill they are approved

Workshop RTP 22343 on the New Hygiene Package - Kosice, Slovakia | H. Claus DVM

transitional period reg 2076 2005 ec
Transitional period Reg.2076/2005 EC
  • Some examples (1)
  • - Products produced before 1-1-2006 can be placed on
  • the market till the end of their shelf life unless the shelf
  • life is shorter!
  • - Products of animal origin produced before 1-1-2006
  • can be placed on the market till the end of their shelf
  • life if they bear marks conform Directive 2004/41/EC
  • - Pre-printed wrapping, packaging and lableing
  • materials printed before 1-1-2006 may still be used

Workshop RTP 22343 on the New Hygiene Package - Kosice, Slovakia | H. Claus DVM

transitional period reg 2076 2005 ec73
Transitional period Reg.2076/2005 EC
  • Some examples (2)
  • Food chain information is a new requirement for FBOs.
  • Minced meat (MM): check of raw materials entering the FB.
  • Composition of MM:
  • Type of MMFat content connective tissue : meat protein ratio
  • Lean MM ≤ 7 %≤ 12
  • Pure beef MM ≤ 20% ≤ 15
  • MM with pork ≤ 30% ≤ 18
  • MM other species ≤ 25% ≤ 15

Workshop RTP 22343 on the New Hygiene Package - Kosice, Slovakia | H. Claus DVM

slide74

QUESTIONS & MORE.

Workshop RTP 22343 on the New Hygiene Package - Kosice, Slovakia | H. Claus DVM

questions
Questions
  • What does Risk – focus mean?
  • What Risks are we talking about?
  • Shops. What kind of shops?
  • Those ‘around the corner’ or super- / hypermarkets?
  • Generally spoken the retail sector.
  • Does a Risk in the retail sector always mean a HACCP based Self Control System (SCS)?
  • What about Registration and Approval?
  • How shall we ‘translate’ Risk in shops, in the retail sector in Official Controls (Reg.882/2004/ EC)?

Workshop RTP 22343 on the New Hygiene Package - Kosice, Slovakia | H. Claus DVM

questions76
Questions
  • Which roads will lead to a Risk assessment on final – products in shops?
  • What about food of animal and non-animal origin?
  • What about fresh products?
  • What about (pre-)cooked products?
  • What about dry products?
  • What about pre-packed (gas atmosphere) products?
  • What about non-perishable products?
  • What about beverages?

Workshop RTP 22343 on the New Hygiene Package - Kosice, Slovakia | H. Claus DVM

questions77
Questions
  • Are there more circumstances playing a role?
  • Going to a shop what do we expect to find?
  • What about registration and what kind of office work?
  • What about control at arrival of foodstuffs?
  • What about stocking up foodstuffs?
  • What about risk awareness in this sector?
  • What about the mental aptitude of the shopkeeper?
  • What about ………….?

Workshop RTP 22343 on the New Hygiene Package - Kosice, Slovakia | H. Claus DVM

questions78
Questions
  • Is there a difference between auditing a Food Business and auditing a Retail Shop?
  • Audit = Audit
  • Control = Control
  • Inspection = Inspection
  • What about size and flexibility?

Workshop RTP 22343 on the New Hygiene Package - Kosice, Slovakia | H. Claus DVM

questions79
Questions
  • Why inspections and controls?
  • Is there a Zero Tolerance level?
  • There are hazards so there are risks!
  • Task of FSA / Competent Authority.
  • Task Official Veterinarians / Staff.

Workshop RTP 22343 on the New Hygiene Package - Kosice, Slovakia | H. Claus DVM

questions80
Questions
  • Why inspections and controls?
  • Different types of food / feed business operators:
  • Aware of risks
  • Aware of risks and complying with the GFL (Bona fide)
  • Unaware of risks
  • Eager to take risks
  • Malafide entrepeneurs (fraudulent / deceptive practices)

Workshop RTP 22343 on the New Hygiene Package - Kosice, Slovakia | H. Claus DVM

questions81
Questions
  • Do you have a (recent) personal experience with being controlled or checked yourself?
  • Was it a positive experience? Why?
  • Was it a negative experience? Why?
  • Did it happen in a professional way?
  • What do you consider to be important for a good control / inspection?

Workshop RTP 22343 on the New Hygiene Package - Kosice, Slovakia | H. Claus DVM

inspection and control versus audit82
Inspection and control versus audit
  • Inspection / control is what you see, observe and view the situation.
  • Audit is the art of finding out what you do not see.

Workshop RTP 22343 on the New Hygiene Package - Kosice, Slovakia | H. Claus DVM

inspection and control versus audit83
Inspection and control versus audit
  • As said this morning Inspection, Control and Audit have one thing in common:
  • Objective evidence
  • The question is how objectiveare we as observers?

Workshop RTP 22343 on the New Hygiene Package - Kosice, Slovakia | H. Claus DVM

objective evidence
Objective evidence
  • Trust but always verify, even what your own eyes see!
  • An exercise!

Workshop RTP 22343 on the New Hygiene Package - Kosice, Slovakia | H. Claus DVM

objective evidence85
Objective evidence

Workshop RTP 22343 on the New Hygiene Package - Kosice, Slovakia | H. Claus DVM

objective evidence86
Objective evidence

Workshop RTP 22343 on the New Hygiene Package - Kosice, Slovakia | H. Claus DVM

inspection and control
Inspection and control*
  • Inspections and controls shall be:
  • based on national and approved checklists (Yes / No /
  • not applicable) If No: state the objective reason)
  • professional, systematic, effective and efficient.
  • without prejudice.
  • accurately documented (reports).
  • transparent and confidential

Workshop RTP 22343 on the New Hygiene Package - Kosice, Slovakia | H. Claus DVM

inspection and control88
Inspection and control*
  • Other checks: 882/2004 EC; art. 2
  • Art. 2(17) ‘documentary check’ (of commercial or official documents.)
  • Art. 2(18) ‘identity check’ (certificates /other documents tally with the labeling and content of the consignment.)
  • Art. 2(19) ‘physical check’ (check on the feed or food itself, means of transport, packaging, labeling and temperature, the sampeling for analysis and laboratory testing and any other check necessary to verify compliance with feed or food law.)

Workshop RTP 22343 on the New Hygiene Package - Kosice, Slovakia | H. Claus DVM

comparison
Comparison
  • Auditing / control :
  • Type: Food Business Retail Shop
  • Scope: Total FB Mostly part of activities
  • QM level: Professional Mostly less professional
  • Attention: More and more Part of attention
  • HACCP: Fully implemented Partly / GHP/ flexibility
  • Non compliance: Warning – admin.fine – (temporary) close down
  • Effect: Close down whole FB Close down part of activities
  • Interest: Out of business Still in business

Workshop RTP 22343 on the New Hygiene Package - Kosice, Slovakia | H. Claus DVM

example of a food chain
Example of a food chain
  • Primary sector=> transportation => reception => AM inspection => lairage => stunning => slaugthering => PM inspection => weighing / classification => chilling => cutting / boning => storage =>
  • fresh meat
  • cold store
  • transportation => meat preparations =>Wholesale trade
  • meat products
  • animal by-products Retailer
  • Consumer

Workshop RTP 22343 on the New Hygiene Package - Kosice, Slovakia | H. Claus DVM

risks
Risks
  • Retailers sell food they have bought from wholesale trade / (primary sector) / FBs to consumers.
  • Risks for food safety:
  • Fase 1: Obtained before arriving at the retailer.
  • Fase 2: Obtained during shop life.
  • Fase 3: Obtained during processing in the shop.
  • Fase 4: Obtained after selling to consumer.

Workshop RTP 22343 on the New Hygiene Package - Kosice, Slovakia | H. Claus DVM

slide92

PRACTICAL APPROACH

Workshop RTP 22343 on the New Hygiene Package - Kosice, Slovakia | H. Claus DVM

practical approach
Practical approach
  • Remember the legal aspects and see also the hand-out.
  • Essential for an official control / audit is:
  • A description of the operation(s) or better a flow chart (ISO 9000:2000) of those products (process) which may be a risk or are at risk.
  • Risk assessment / Hazard analysis for those products.
  • Documentation and records.
  • GHP / GMP / SOPs
  • Storage / waste / recall
  • Personal

Workshop RTP 22343 on the New Hygiene Package - Kosice, Slovakia | H. Claus DVM

practical approach94
Practical approach
  • The introduction of Hazards during shop life.
  • (Raw)materials / additives (at receipt)
  • 2. During process / treatment (GMP/GHP)
  • Environment (prerequisites)
  • 4. Man (cross contamination / training)
  • 5. Others (time / unexpected / unforeseen……..)

Workshop RTP 22343 on the New Hygiene Package - Kosice, Slovakia | H. Claus DVM

points of departure
Points of departure
  • Environmental circumstances
  • Man Material
  • Processing Product
  • Method Means
  • Lay-out

Workshop RTP 22343 on the New Hygiene Package - Kosice, Slovakia | H. Claus DVM

practical approach96
Practical approach
  • Are we prepared as professionals?
  • Just paying a control visit to a shop.
  • At random checking.
  • Looking around.
  • Talking and asking a lot.
  • Reading a bit.
  • Writing a little.
  • Leaving when it is enough.
  • Practical approach
  • Is this the way we act professionally?

Workshop RTP 22343 on the New Hygiene Package - Kosice, Slovakia | H. Claus DVM

practical approach97
Practical approach
  • Preparing an audit, a control or inspection, drawing conclusions, drawing up recommendations and last but not least reporting’, needs not only skills but also a very good planning.
  • Remember the ‘golden’6 – P Rule:
  • ‘Proper Planning and Preparation Prevents Poor Performance’

Workshop RTP 22343 on the New Hygiene Package - Kosice, Slovakia | H. Claus DVM

practical approach98
Practical approach
  • Indispensable for an audit, control or inspection is ‘structure’ and a systematic conduct.
  • Questionnaires and checklists will provide structure
  • One questionnaire / checklist fits all?
  • No FB or shop is the same but they have much in common
  • Questionnaires / checklists are part of the 6 – P Rule

Workshop RTP 22343 on the New Hygiene Package - Kosice, Slovakia | H. Claus DVM

practical approach99
Practical approach
  • Checklists (inspection and control forms); their lay-out may differ, but the idea is almost everywhere the same.

Workshop RTP 22343 on the New Hygiene Package - Kosice, Slovakia | H. Claus DVM

slide100
# Criteria V1 V4 NA Comment
  • 4375 Ceiling
  • 4380 Ceilings are clean
  • 4385 Ceilings easy to clean
  • 4400 Insolation material
  • 4405 Insolation is clean
  • 4410 Insolation can not rot
  • 4425 Lighting system
  • 4430 Day or artificial light
  • Natural colour
  • At inspection 540 lux
  • Working room 220 lux
  • Storage room 110 lux

Workshop RTP 22343 on the New Hygiene Package - Kosice, Slovakia | H. Claus DVM

practical approach101
Practical approach
  • Indispensable structure for the FBO or Shopkeeper is a detailed description or flowchart of the specific food (of animal origin) activities.
  • Detailed description: H1, Art. 5
  • Flowchart: ISO 9001 / 9000:2000 / 22000

Workshop RTP 22343 on the New Hygiene Package - Kosice, Slovakia | H. Claus DVM

practical approach102
Practical approach
  • Detailed description per product(group) (commensurate to the nature and the size of the FB) or a flow chart (easy to learn and more providing.) Symbols that can be used:

decision

proc.step

doc/reg.

control

mat/prod

YES

start/end

p.step

map

docs

CCP

NO

Workshop RTP 22343 on the New Hygiene Package - Kosice, Slovakia | H. Claus DVM

practical approach103
Practical approach
  • Each process shall be divided into process steps.
  • Per process step a hazard analysis (B, C, Ph): Prerequisites /
  • GMP / GHP / CPs / CCPs --- > CLs etc. adequate?
  • Risk table:
  • Process step Actions Hazard R C E CP Monitoring
  • CCP measurements
  • R=Risk (M /C / Ph) C = Chance E = Effect CP= Control Point /
  • CCP = Critical Control Point.

Workshop RTP 22343 on the New Hygiene Package - Kosice, Slovakia | H. Claus DVM

practical approach104
Practical approach
  • Just remember the definitions!
  • Hazard aB, C or Ph agent in, or condition of food with the potential to cause an adverse health effect
  • Identifying CCPs at the step or steps at which control is essential to prevent or eliminate a hazard or to reduce it to acceptable levels
  • CLs at CCPs which separate acceptability from unacceptability for the prevention, elimination or reduction of identified hazards

Workshop RTP 22343 on the New Hygiene Package - Kosice, Slovakia | H. Claus DVM

practical approach example 1
Practical approach (example – 1)
  • Chance x Effect
  • Chance
  • 5 Probable -- CCP CCP CCP CCP
  • 4 Real -- (CCP) CCP CCP CCP
  • 3 Possible -- -- CCP CCP CCP
  • 2 Unlikely -- -- -- -- CCP
  • 1 Very unlikely -- -- -- -- --
  • Effect: 1 2 3 4 5
  • Discomfort less serious serious very serious disastrous

Workshop RTP 22343 on the New Hygiene Package - Kosice, Slovakia | H. Claus DVM

practical approach106
Practical approach
  • Another approach may be more understandable for a retailer / shopkeeper.

Workshop RTP 22343 on the New Hygiene Package - Kosice, Slovakia | H. Claus DVM

practical approach example 2
Practical approach (example – 2)

Frequency of incidence rating

Seldom = 1

Sometimes = 2

Often = 3

Gravity of adverse health effect rating:

Small = 1

Moderate = 2

Great = 3

Health risks rating:

Discomfort = 1

Doctor = 2

Hospital = 3

Workshop RTP 22343 on the New Hygiene Package - Kosice, Slovakia | H. Claus DVM

practical approach example 2108
Practical approach (example – 2)
  • Gravity (risk) presence in final product / at consumer
  • great 3 69
  • 3
  • moderate 2 (4)6
  • 2
  • small 1 2 3
  • 1
  • 1 2 3
  • health risk discomfort doctor hospital

Workshop RTP 22343 on the New Hygiene Package - Kosice, Slovakia | H. Claus DVM

practical approach example 2109
Practical approach (example – 2)
  • Chance Risk Gravity
  • Probable CCP Disastrous
  • Real
  • PossibleVery serious
  • GCM Serious
  • Unlikely Less serious
  • Very unlikely Other Light discomfort

Workshop RTP 22343 on the New Hygiene Package - Kosice, Slovakia | H. Claus DVM

practical approach examples 1 2
Practical approach (examples 1 – 2)
  • Remember
  • These practical approaches are only an indication for the seriousness of a hazard and are not based on a scientific point of departure or are a statutory regulation!

Workshop RTP 22343 on the New Hygiene Package - Kosice, Slovakia | H. Claus DVM

practical approach111
Practical approach
  • Documents (1)
  • Documented explanation of a quality policy and quality objectives.
  • Quality handbook
  • Documented procedures
  • Documentation necessary to realize an effective planning, execution and control of processes
  • Records

Workshop RTP 22343 on the New Hygiene Package - Kosice, Slovakia | H. Claus DVM

practical approach112
Practical approach
  • Documents (2)
  • Documents such as procedures, work descriptions, sampling, training of employees etc. must be (clearly) identifiable, name of the business, seat, date, subject, product / process step or ………., readable, approved, signed, validity (version), lifetime…..

Workshop RTP 22343 on the New Hygiene Package - Kosice, Slovakia | H. Claus DVM

practical approach113
Practical approach
  • Documents (3)
  • Documents shall mention responsabilities if applicable.
  • Who is responsible
  • For what.
  • Tasks and duties.
  • Testing
  • Recording
  • Emergency action.
  • Who is the substitute.

Workshop RTP 22343 on the New Hygiene Package - Kosice, Slovakia | H. Claus DVM

practical approach114
Practical approach
  • Records
  • The same identification conditions apply forrecords related to measures put in place to control hazards in an appropriate manner for an appropriate period, commensurate with the nature and size of the business.
  • They must be identifiable and related to the flow chart.

Workshop RTP 22343 on the New Hygiene Package - Kosice, Slovakia | H. Claus DVM

slide115

PRACTICAL HINTS AND EXAMPLES

Workshop RTP 22343 on the New Hygiene Package - Kosice, Slovakia | H. Claus DVM

practical hints and examples
Practical hints and examples
  • Potential CPs / CCPs in the retail sector:
  • Generally spoken these are:
  • Good Hygiene Practises
  • Temperature control
  • Freshness
  • Shelflife / Sell by date
  • Conditioned (gas) wrapping
  • Good Storage Practises
  • Good Registration practises

Workshop RTP 22343 on the New Hygiene Package - Kosice, Slovakia | H. Claus DVM

practical hints and examples117
Practical hints and examples
  • CCPs concerning raw farm products like milk, eggs and other small quantities of farm products (excluding red meat!!) on sale in (certain) shops.
  • Discussion!
  • NL: 51 inspections at Farms (42 cow milk / 9 goat milk)
  • Cow milk: 28 breaches of the rules
  • Goat milk: 1
  • (source: VWA annual report 2005)

Workshop RTP 22343 on the New Hygiene Package - Kosice, Slovakia | H. Claus DVM

practical hints and examples118
Practical hints and examples
  • Potential CPs / CCPs in a Butchershop:
  • Delivery of meat: T / sensory aspects
  • Processing of fresh meat: T
  • Processing of meat products: preservative / pH / pH
  • descent / time-temp.
  • Processing of minced meat: freshness / T during
  • preparation & in counter
  • Processing of white meat: freshness / T
  • Not perishable products: badge number / shelf life

Workshop RTP 22343 on the New Hygiene Package - Kosice, Slovakia | H. Claus DVM

practical hints and examples119
Practical hints and examples*
  • CCP Meat Processing
  • Product: Cooked ham.
  • Hazard: Bacterial contamination of cooked product.
  • CCP: Process of cooking.
  • Validation of CCP: Time / temperature criteria which has
  • been scientifically validated e.g. Scientific Journals
  • / texts or lab evidence (6-log decrease.)

Workshop RTP 22343 on the New Hygiene Package - Kosice, Slovakia | H. Claus DVM

practical hints and examples120
Practical hints and examples*
  • Monitoring of CCP: Cooking Record Sheet which will
  • record time/temperature at coldest point e.g.
  • probes / thermographs.
  • Verification of CCP: Record to demonstrate that record
  • sheet has been checked.
  • Sample Critical Limits: Cooking temperature of 70’ C for
  • 2 minutes (or equivalent.)

Workshop RTP 22343 on the New Hygiene Package - Kosice, Slovakia | H. Claus DVM

practical hints and examples121
Practical hints and examples
  • Especially in the retail sector of great importance is, or applied GMP and GHP result in safe food (food safety)

Workshop RTP 22343 on the New Hygiene Package - Kosice, Slovakia | H. Claus DVM

practical hints and examples122
Practical hints and examples
  • Generally spoken biological, chemical and physical hazards can only be reduced by FBs / Retailers:
  • Purchase policy – selection of their suppliers.
  • Purchase specifications.
  • A strict control at arrival / reception.
  • Regularly sampling (monitoring.)
  • Registration / documentation.
  • Controling / (Auditing) of suppliers if applicable.
  • Good (seperate) storage and user practices.

Workshop RTP 22343 on the New Hygiene Package - Kosice, Slovakia | H. Claus DVM

practical hints and examples123
Practical hints and examples
  • Never forget that those who are working for the Official Authority as Officials, always have a responsibility for
  • Public Health and shall not turn their back to (other) risks jeopardizing Food Safety and / or Public Health while inspecting, controlling or auditing!

Workshop RTP 22343 on the New Hygiene Package - Kosice, Slovakia | H. Claus DVM

practical hints and examples124
Practical hints and examples
  • In case of a Non-compliance or Non-conformity
  • Never point a finger at a person!!
  • neither directly (loosing face or job)
  • nor indirectly (curing symptoms instead

of the system)

Workshop RTP 22343 on the New Hygiene Package - Kosice, Slovakia | H. Claus DVM

slide125

EPILOQUE

Workshop RTP 22343 on the New Hygiene Package - Kosice, Slovakia | H. Claus DVM

epilogue
Epilogue
  • Risk analysis.
  • Prerequisite measures.
  • GMP / GHP.
  • SOP.
  • CCP or not? --- > CL.
  • Monitoring.
  • Corrective action.
  • Verification procedure.
  • Registration / documentation.

Workshop RTP 22343 on the New Hygiene Package - Kosice, Slovakia | H. Claus DVM

epilogue127
Epilogue
  • The competent authority does a step back.
  • Informing but not advising (pit-fall!).
  • Professional approach.
  • Communicative skills.
  • Thinking in terms of processes, systems and the overall

coherance.

  • Conflict of interest.
  • Enforcement of the law is an every day task and can

not be put off!

Workshop RTP 22343 on the New Hygiene Package - Kosice, Slovakia | H. Claus DVM

slide128

THE END OF PART – 2

Workshop RTP 22343 on the New Hygiene Package - Kosice, Slovakia | H. Claus DVM

general principles of auditing a haccp system according to the nhp part 3

General principles of auditing a HACCP system according to the NHP – Part 3

26 – 27 June 2006

Workshop RTP 22343 on the New Hygiene package in the animal origin food sector Kosice, Slovakia | H. Claus DVM

contents of the discussion131
Contents of the discussion
  • Subject:
  • Implementation of the New Hygiene package in the animal origin sector (differences in the control process before and after the NHP adoption) – experience of the Netherlands.

Workshop RTP 22343 on the New Hygiene Package - Kosice, Slovakia | H. Claus DVM

impact of the nhp
Impact of the NHP??!!

Workshop RTP 22343 on the New Hygiene Package - Kosice, Slovakia | H. Claus DVM

contents of the discussion133
Contents of the discussion
  • Part – 3
  • Before and after 1-1-2006
  • The difference in a nutshell
  • Experiences in The Netherlands
  • From means to aims

Workshop RTP 22343 on the New Hygiene Package - Kosice, Slovakia | H. Claus DVM

slide134

Before and after 1-1-2006

Workshop RTP 22343 on the New Hygiene Package - Kosice, Slovakia | H. Claus DVM

before and after 1 1 2006
Before and after 1-1-2006
  • Main differences between before and after 1-1-2006.
  • NHP Legislation:
  •  From vertical to horizontal / from Directive to Regulation
  •  From ‘means’ to ‘aims’
  •  The FBO responsible for food safety
  •  Self Control System (SCS) – 7 Principles of HACCP
  •  Competent Authority does a step back – from
  • ‘Policeman to Auditor’

Workshop RTP 22343 on the New Hygiene Package - Kosice, Slovakia | H. Claus DVM

before 1 1 2006 nl
Before 1-1-2006 (NL)
  • Min. Health Min. Agriculture, Nature
  • (VWS) and Food Quality (LNV)
  • State Veterinary Inspection 1. National Inspection for Livestock
  • and Meat Inspection (RVV)
  • Public Health and
  • Consumer protection
  • Service (KvW)

Workshop RTP 22343 on the New Hygiene Package - Kosice, Slovakia | H. Claus DVM

before 1 1 2006 nl137
Before 1-1-2006 (NL)
  • Organization untill the transition RVV -- > VWA / FSA
  • National Board
  • Kring / Region (n)
  • District (3-4 n)
  • Werkplek / Places to work (FB’s) / Team (x.n)

Workshop RTP 22343 on the New Hygiene Package - Kosice, Slovakia | H. Claus DVM

before 1 1 2006 nl138
Before 1-1-2006 (NL)*
  • Chief tasks RVV:
  • Livestock inspection – import / export.
  • Livestock health (OIE A/B) – outbreak management.
  • Livestock markets / animal exhibitions.
  • Meat, meat preparations and meat products inspection (red-, white- and game meat) – small butchers – import / export.
  • Fish, fish products inspection / control.
  • Artificial Insemination / Embryo transfer.
  • Border Inspection posts
  • Honey and honey bee diseases / COKZ – supervision Butter.

Workshop RTP 22343 on the New Hygiene Package - Kosice, Slovakia | H. Claus DVM

before 1 1 2006 nl139
Before 1-1-2006 (NL)
  • FBs
  • Inspections: 4 / year
  • Controls: depending on type of FB, quantity produced (daily / weekly / monthly – hours related to quantity)
  • USA / Japan / S-Korea / SU / CH etc. extra demands.
  • Slaughterhouses: Before, during and after Slaughter:
  • 2 Vets and Assistants related to number of animals /hour.

Workshop RTP 22343 on the New Hygiene Package - Kosice, Slovakia | H. Claus DVM

before 1 1 2006 nl140
Before 1-1-2006 (NL)
  • Organization untill the transition F&D Inspection Service ---> VWA / FSA
  • National Board
  • 5 Regions*
  • Task Forces(7-13)
  • * Each Region forfills national wide a task or combined tasks.

Workshop RTP 22343 on the New Hygiene Package - Kosice, Slovakia | H. Claus DVM

before 1 1 2006 nl141
Before 1-1-2006 (NL)
  • 5 Regions with areas for special attention:
  • N: non food.
  • NW: market gardening / argricultural products.
  • SW: non food safety.
  • S: compound foods.
  • E: veterinary products.

Workshop RTP 22343 on the New Hygiene Package - Kosice, Slovakia | H. Claus DVM

before 1 1 2006 nl142
Before 1-1-2006 (NL)
  • General method of control
  • Food and non-food businesses (all consumer goods)
  • Inspections: at least one so called ‘Safety Inspections’
  • (= an audit avant la lettre) / year.
  • Depending on result: (OK / warning / corrective measures / administrative fine / (temporary) closure;
  • a second ‘visit’.
  • Action programs.

Workshop RTP 22343 on the New Hygiene Package - Kosice, Slovakia | H. Claus DVM

merger process of rvv and kvw
Merger process of RVV and KvW*
  • 2 x Blood strains
  • 2 x Cultures
  • 2 x Ministers
  • 2 x Traditions
  • 2 x Mentalities
  • 2 x Methods of working
  • 2 x Competences
  • 2 x Distrust
  • Still a (long) way to go!

Workshop RTP 22343 on the New Hygiene Package - Kosice, Slovakia | H. Claus DVM

after 1 1 2006
After 1-1-2006*
  • Central FSA board seat: Den Haag
  • 5 Regions (N / O / S /SW / NW)
  • Each region:
  • Unit management / Unit Laboratory / Unit Fact finding and Development / Unit Supervision Production Businesses / Unit Supervision Consumer goods / Unit Import (BIP – Harbours)

Workshop RTP 22343 on the New Hygiene Package - Kosice, Slovakia | H. Claus DVM

after 1 1 2006145
After 1-1-2006*
  • General approach on the Regional level
  • Work is mostly divided in so called projects
  • Depending on the project personal is allocated.
  • A separate Central Division Animal Health Protection
  • With regional ‘Front teams Animal Health’.
  • National level Task force (limited life span)

Workshop RTP 22343 on the New Hygiene Package - Kosice, Slovakia | H. Claus DVM

after 1 1 2006146
After 1-1-2006*
  • Multi disciplinary teams have advantages:
  • Flexible response possible especially for audits and controls.
  • Both ‘old blood strains’ can learn from each other and develop new and better working methods.
  • One counter for the consumer
  • One provision of service no ‘double’ control activities

Workshop RTP 22343 on the New Hygiene Package - Kosice, Slovakia | H. Claus DVM

slide147

The difference in a nutshell

Workshop RTP 22343 on the New Hygiene Package - Kosice, Slovakia | H. Claus DVM

the difference in a nutshell
The difference in a nutshell
  • Quality care in the meat sector
  • Passive (waiting for a complaint)
  • Final product control (scale / number)
  • Process control (HACCP principles)
  • Quality assurance (HACCP + input -- > output --- > sales --- > design --- > aftermarket; optimize of the whole organization)

Workshop RTP 22343 on the New Hygiene Package - Kosice, Slovakia | H. Claus DVM

the difference in a nutshell149
The difference in a nutshell
  • Ad 1. Passive:(Common in the past)
  • Quality care is expensive. Recalls are very expensive!
  • Ad 2. Final product control:(Very common in the past)
  • How many products shall be in the control to have a quality guarantee?
  • Example of the number of samples to be tested if batches of different sizes should be declared free of a certain agent (prevalence below 1% with a probability of 95%) :
  • Units in the batch Number of samples
  • 1 – 60 all
  • 151 – 175 135
  • 276 – 360 190
  • 651 – 1000 250
  • 2001 – 3000 290

Workshop RTP 22343 on the New Hygiene Package - Kosice, Slovakia | H. Claus DVM

the difference in a nutshell150
The difference in a nutshell
  • Product approach versus Process approach
  • Ad 2.Final product control
  • In process Out
  • Final product control (how many?)
  • Check at arrival (random checks)
  • OK? Safe?
  • Ad 3.Process control
  • In process step process step process step pre-shipment control
  • Specs Control HACCP HACCP HACCP OK? Safe!

Workshop RTP 22343 on the New Hygiene Package - Kosice, Slovakia | H. Claus DVM

the difference in a nutshell151
The difference in a nutshell
  • Ad 4. Quality assurance (the future)
  • As Ad 3. Process control, but with a number of extra’s
  • An optimized and integral approach of product and food safety
  • including consumer interests and public health.

Workshop RTP 22343 on the New Hygiene Package - Kosice, Slovakia | H. Claus DVM

slide152

Experiences in The Netherlands

Workshop RTP 22343 on the New Hygiene Package - Kosice, Slovakia | H. Claus DVM

experiences in the netherlands
Experiences in The Netherlands
  • After 5 month it is to early to jump into conclusions.
  • First impressions are rather positive.
  • FBOs seem to understand there is a change of winds.
  • FSA employees settle more and more.
  • FSA approach of supervision and controls is effective.
  • But a change in attitude is difficult and takes time.

Workshop RTP 22343 on the New Hygiene Package - Kosice, Slovakia | H. Claus DVM

experiences in the netherlands154
Experiences in The Netherlands
  • Some figures 2005 (source: VWA annual report 2005)
  • Chain supervision (Random check)
  • N visited measurements %
  • Hotel and restaurant 800 138 70 51
  • Catering 4000 324 77 24
  • Selling points 2900 779 438 56
  • Petrol stations 2200 84 20 24
  • Army canteens 130 57 28 49

Workshop RTP 22343 on the New Hygiene Package - Kosice, Slovakia | H. Claus DVM

experiences in the netherlands155
Experiences in The Netherlands
  • Some figures 2005 (source: VWA annual report 2005)
  • Supermarkets: (N) (%)
  • Inspections 7503
  • Written warning: 971 17,0%
  • Administrative fine 30 0,4%
  • Charge (P-V) 870 11,6%

Workshop RTP 22343 on the New Hygiene Package - Kosice, Slovakia | H. Claus DVM

experiences in the netherlands156
Experiences in The Netherlands
  • Some figures 2005 (source: VWA annual report 2005)
  • Hotel / restaurants (N) (%)
  • Inspections: 66.978
  • Written warning: 17.612 26,3 %
  • Administrative fine: 3120 4,6 %
  • Charge (P-V): 770 1,1 %

Workshop RTP 22343 on the New Hygiene Package - Kosice, Slovakia | H. Claus DVM

experiences in the netherlands157
Experiences in The Netherlands
  • Some figures 2005 (source: VWA annual report 2005)
  • Tracking and Tracing
  • Random check on compliance with legislation / operational system.
  • 123 Slaughterhouses / cutting & boning plants
  • 14 no (full) compliance = 11,4 %

Workshop RTP 22343 on the New Hygiene Package - Kosice, Slovakia | H. Claus DVM

experiences in the netherlands158
Experiences in The Netherlands
  • Some figures 2005 (source: VWA annual report 2005)
  • Consumer complaints (N) %
  • Total 6242
  • Foodstuff 1494 23,9
  • Tobacco 1152 18,5
  • Establishment & hygiene 1028 16,5
  • Product safety 842 13,5
  • Food poisoning 650 10,4
  • International reporting 371 6,0
  • Alcohol 313 5,0
  • Others 227 3,6
  • Veterinair 165 2,6

Workshop RTP 22343 on the New Hygiene Package - Kosice, Slovakia | H. Claus DVM

experiences in the netherlands159
Experiences in The Netherlands
  • Some figures 2005 (source: VWA annual report 2005)
  • ‘Top 5 – offences’ (foodstuff.)
  • Exeeding temperature maximum.
  • No suitable safety measures (food safety risk.)
  • Hygiene in FBs / shops / food departments.
  • Selling foodsuff harmful or unfit for consumption.
  • Tools not clean / not well maintained.

Workshop RTP 22343 on the New Hygiene Package - Kosice, Slovakia | H. Claus DVM

slide160

From means to aims

Workshop RTP 22343 on the New Hygiene Package - Kosice, Slovakia | H. Claus DVM

from means to aims
From means to aims
  • Means:
  • Legislation prescribing how.
  • The number of ‘tickets’ and ‘fines’ (target.)
  • ‘Information, support and advising ban’.

Workshop RTP 22343 on the New Hygiene Package - Kosice, Slovakia | H. Claus DVM

from means to aims162
From means to aims
  • Aim:
  • Legal shift of responsibility ---- > FB/FBO
  • Product and food safety:
  • – Safe foodstuff and consumer goods
  • ‘Compliance assistance’

Workshop RTP 22343 on the New Hygiene Package - Kosice, Slovakia | H. Claus DVM

from means to aims163
From means to aims
  • Change in approach of the Dutch Competent Authority
  • Behaviour influence
  • Consciousness-raising
  • Information
  • Healthy eating habits
  • For a lasting effect!

Workshop RTP 22343 on the New Hygiene Package - Kosice, Slovakia | H. Claus DVM

from means to aims164
From means to aims

HACCP a road to the Future!

Workshop RTP 22343 on the New Hygiene Package - Kosice, Slovakia | H. Claus DVM

slide165
Working as Official Veterinarian or Staff is
  • (an intellectual) callenge!
  • Are there questions or remarks?
  • Thank you for listening!
  • hans.claus@vwa.nl

Workshop RTP 22343 on the New Hygiene Package - Kosice, Slovakia | H. Claus DVM

feed and food safety
‘Feed and food safety’

Workshop RTP 22343 on the New Hygiene Package - Kosice, Slovakia | H. Claus DVM