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Tourism, Recreation & Coral Reefs. Elizabeth Halpenny Nature Tourism Solutions / University of Waterloo. Overview. The “Big Picture”: impacts of tourism and recreation Solutions & case studies. The big picture: Impacts . Tourism and recreation are: - here to stay

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tourism recreation coral reefs

Tourism, Recreation & Coral Reefs

Elizabeth Halpenny

Nature Tourism Solutions / University of Waterloo

overview
Overview
  • The “Big Picture”: impacts of tourism and recreation
  • Solutions & case studies
the big picture impacts
The big picture: Impacts
  • Tourism and recreation are:

- here to stay

- big business, largest economic sector

- US travel receipts for 2001 were US$72.3 billion

slide4
TIAA (1997) 83% of US travelers support “green” travel companies and are willing to spend on average 6.2% more for environmentally responsible travel services and products
the big picture impacts1
The big picture: Impacts
  • Tourism and recreation are:

- here to stay

- big business, largest economic sector

- US travel receipts for 2001 were US$72.3 billion

- diverse (small and large scale companies) (broad range of activities)

the big picture impacts3
The big picture: Impacts
  • Positive impacts

- income generation for MPAs

- income generation for local communities

- increased environmental awareness

- health benefits to humans from recreational activities

the big picture impacts5
The big picture: Impacts
  • Negative Impacts

- trampling of corals

- siltation

- pollution (suntan oil, boat fuel, motor noise, sewage, etc.)

- increase fresh water runoff

- increase in fish harvesting

the big picture review
The big picture: Review
  • Tourism & recreation are:
  • Big business
  • Entrenched, here to stay
  • Diverse and complex
  • Brings positive and negative impacts
  • Hard to measure, manage, or plan for
solutions case studies
Solutions: Case Studies
  • Hawaii: ReefWatchers; ReefTeachers; Watchable Wildlife Project
solutions case studies1
Solutions: Case Studies
  • Florida: Sea Smart, Dive Smart Program; REEF Fish Survey Project; Great American Fish Count
solutions case studies2
Solutions: Case Studies
  • California: Coral Parks Program and recreationists guidelines; Protect the Living Reef campaign
solutions case studies3
Solutions: Case Studies
  • Kosrae, FSM: Kosrae Village Ecolodge
solutions overview
Solutions Overview
  • Education and Outreach
  • Monitoring
  • Increased understanding of tourism and recreation sector
  • Guidelines
  • Financing
thank you
Thank you

Elizabeth Halpenny

Nature Tourism Solutions /

University of Waterloo

Email: ehalpenny@sympatico.ca

&

The International Ecotourism Society

Web: www.ecotourism.org