slide1 n.
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
JC Tacapan PowerPoint Presentation

JC Tacapan

372 Views Download Presentation
Download Presentation

JC Tacapan

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript

  1. Doing ResearchStarting ResearchFinding Sources and Collecting InformationQuoting, Paraphrasing, and Citing SourcesUsing APA Style JC Tacapan

  2. Research and Inquiry • OBJECTIVES • To develop our own dependable “research process” that will help us inquire into topics that interest us. • To devise a “research plan” for our projects that allows us to stay on schedule and keep track of sources and information. • To assess whether sources are reliable and trustworthy. • To identify two common kinds of research papers. • To develop a topic and angle for an effective research paper. • To properly cite sources and format research papers. “RESEARCH and INQUIRY are the keys to discovery.”

  3. Research 3 Important Uses Hands-on experience Researchers gather information in order to investigate an issue and explain it to other people. Exploring topics systematically Inquire Factual evidence Researchers, esp. scientists, collect and analyze facts to increase or strengthen our knowledge about a subject. Advance knowledge Research can be used to persuade others and support a particular side of an argument while gaining a full understanding of the opposing view Secondary sources Support an argument PURSUING TRUTH DEVELOPING KNOWLEDGE

  4. Define Your Research Question Develop A Working Thesis (Hypothesis) Devise A Research Plan Kinds of sources Ways to collect sources Modify Working Thesis NO Determine Whether Facts Verify Working Thesis YES Accept Working Thesis Assess the Reliability of Each Source Is the source reliable? How biased are the author and the publisher? How biased are you? Is the source up to date? Can you independently verify the information in the source? Triangulate Facts among the Sources

  5. Research papers can be organized a variety of ways. The models below show two basic patterns that you can adjust to fit your topic, angle, purpose, readers, and content. Introduction First Issue or Time Period Factual overview of Issue Explanation of opposing views Second Issue or Time Period Third Issue or Time Period Argument for your view . . . Conclusion References

  6. An effective research paper uses sources to explain an issue or argue for a position. They tend to have the following major features: Identifies the research paper’s topic and purpose, while clearly stating a thesis or main point that you will support or prove; it should offer background information and explain why the topic is important. Introduction Use an issue-by-issue or chronological pattern to present the results of your research ; the body is divided into sections with headings. Body paragraphs Restates the thesis or main point of the research paper and summarizes your main points. Conclusion Includes a list of references in a standardized citation style (APA or MLA style) References

  7. Major types of research papers

  8. You will learn OBJECTIVES Develop an argument thesis about controversial issues The Rogerian Argument Framework Describe the strengths and limitations of opposing viewpoints Use evidence and reasoning to back up your thesis • You will strengthen your argument because readers will see you as fair-minded and knowledgeable • You will deepen your understanding • You might even alter your position, either slightly or radically To argue fairly and reasonably for one side over the others PURPOSE To explore two or more sides of a controversial topic ARGUMENT INTRODUCTION: states the issue being debated, identify the issue’s two or more sides, and usually offers an explicit thesis that the argument will support FEATURES TWO BASIC ORGANIZATIONS Opposing positions are described upfront; then your own position is explained You make a point-by-point comparison, explaining why your position is better than others Introduction Summary of opposing positions, including strengths • Major point of difference • Opposing positions • Your position OBJECTIVE SUMMARY of opposing views, including their strengths POINT-BY-POINT DISCUSSION of the limitations of opposing views • Major point of difference • Opposing positions • Your position Limitations of opposing positions SUMMARY of your viewpoint and your understanding of the issue Your understanding of the issue, describing both strengths and limitations of your position • Major point of difference • Opposing positions • Your position POINT-BY-POINT DISCUSSION of both strengths and limitations of your position, arguing overall that yours is superior Reasons your understanding is better than the opposing views’ understanding CONCLUSION that drives home your thesis and looks to the future Conclusion