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Chapter 4 Documenting Your Design Work Designers Architect and Civil Engineer – structures Graphic Artist – pages and packaging Industrial Designer – products Fashion Designer – clothes Why? Careful record of ideas, calculations, sketches, thoughts and plans for a project.

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chapter 4

Chapter 4

Documenting Your Design Work

designers
Designers
  • Architect and Civil Engineer – structures
  • Graphic Artist – pages and packaging
  • Industrial Designer – products
  • Fashion Designer – clothes
slide3
Why?
  • Careful record of ideas, calculations, sketches, thoughts and plans for a project.
  • Can leave project and return to it later without rediscovery.
  • Legal basis for inventors.
  • Means for backtracking when ideas fail.
a portfolio
A Portfolio
  • A collection of materials that document the thinking and physical work of an individual.
  • Means to evaluate experience.
  • Important in the designer – client relationship.
  • Architect – style of work
  • Engineer or inventor – projects, sketches, photographs, illustrations, publications
  • Artists – Original artwork, shows, exhibitions
  • Promotions, funding, qualifications, etc.
portfolios cont
Portfolios (cont.)
  • Education – Better than pencil paper tests, shows what someone has done over a period of time and the learning gained.
  • Design and Technology importance – can be used as evidence for application to a college, or other educational institutions, job applications, awards or honors applications.
the basics
The Basics
  • Sketching
    • Preliminary – quick, flow of ideas, no instruments, free and creative.
    • Annotated – the addition of notes about materials, fasteners or other features.
    • Developmental – refined preliminaries, neater, solutions worked out.
  • Working Drawings – Final drawings, used to actually make the solution.
  • Look at the Details in products
line shape and form
Line, Shape and Form
  • Lines – more than meets the eye?
  • Shape – That which is enclosed by boundaries
    • Natural
    • Geometric
    • Free-form
  • Form – A shape with three dimensions (lines, shading, colors)
techniques
Techniques
  • Outlining – use thick lines as outline.
  • Highlights – reflections
  • Shading – how much light hits an object
  • Texture – more aesthetic and real – industry standards.
  • Color Pencil
  • Color Marker
types of drawings
Types of Drawings
  • Perspective – Things get smaller as they get farther away from you.
    • One point –
    • Two Point –
    • Three Point –
  • Orthographic Projection – three main views – front, top and right side.
types of drawings cont
Types of Drawings (cont.)
  • Sectional view – shows the insides of an object.
  • Exploded view – shows how something is assembled.
  • Cutaway view – like a section view, but for three dimensional drawings.
information graphics
Information Graphics
  • Charts – relationship of data
  • Graphs – data changing over time
  • Schematics – illustrations that show symbols and connections.
    • Electrical, pneumatic, hydraulic, etc.
  • Maps – shows natural or human world
  • Sequence Diagrams – shows the order something should happen.
the use of color
The use of Color
  • Primary Colors – Basic colors
    • Additive primaries - red, green and blue – white light principle – used in TV and stage lighting
    • Subtractive primaries – yellow, magenta, and cyan – light absorbing and reflecting theories of pigment - media printing, packaging
    • Artists primaries – red, yellow and blue
  • Secondary (tertiary colors)- red+yellow = orange, red+blue=violet, etc.
portfolio pages
Portfolio Pages
  • Media size and orientation
  • Logo
  • Binding
  • Appearance
  • Layout
your turn
Your Turn
  • Start developing your portfolio!
    • What will yours look like?
    • How big?
    • Made from what?
    • What materials do you need?
    • When will you get them?
    • What is in it?