slide1 n.
Download
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
Kosovo and the United Nations Mission in Kosovo (UNMIK) PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
Kosovo and the United Nations Mission in Kosovo (UNMIK)

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 10

Kosovo and the United Nations Mission in Kosovo (UNMIK) - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 247 Views
  • Uploaded on

Building on a Strength: The Role of Family in Substance Abuse Treatment and HIV Prevention in Kosovo Presented by Anne E. Brisson, Ph.D. Visiting Assistant Professor, Department of Psychiatry and International Center for Response to Catastrophe, University of Illinois, Chicago, USA.

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Kosovo and the United Nations Mission in Kosovo (UNMIK)' - albert


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
slide1

Building on a Strength: The Role of Family in Substance Abuse Treatment and HIV Prevention in KosovoPresented by Anne E. Brisson, Ph.D.Visiting Assistant Professor, Department of Psychiatry and International Center for Response to Catastrophe, University of Illinois, Chicago, USA

CRDF Workshp, Brandeis University, August 2004

kosovo and the united nations mission in kosovo unmik
Kosovo and the United Nations Mission in Kosovo (UNMIK)
  • 10,500 sq. km (1/2 the size of Massachusetts)
  • 1.8 million inhabitants
    • 90% K. Albanian
    • 8% K. Serbian
    • 60% under 30 years old
  • Formerly part of Yugoslavia, lost autonomous status in 1990
  • 1998-1999 war with ex-Yug.
  • Since June 1999, a United Nations protectorate
  • Ethnic tensions continue
  • Poor economy
  • Final status not known

CRDF Workshp, Brandeis University, August 2004

substance abuse in post war kosovo
Substance Abuse in Post-war Kosovo
  • Increase
    • Number of users
    • Availability of drugs (borders more porous, lack of rule of law)
  • Decrease
    • Prices
    • Age of first use
  • Pre-war treatment options no longer available for Albanian population
  • Social risk factors (young population, poverty, unemployment, lack of educational opportunities, mobile population)
  • Inadequate mental heath services (PTSD)
  • Very limited prevention and treatment (focus on supply)

CRDF Workshp, Brandeis University, August 2004

risk factors for substance abuse heroin and hiv aids
Risk Factors for Substance Abuse (heroin) and HIV/AIDS
  • Cheap and readily available heroin
    • Main trafficking route from Afghanistan
    • 60% reduction in price per gram since 1999
  • Injecting drug users reporting risky practices (HIV)
    • Sharing needles and equipment
    • Unprotected sex
  • No harm reduction information available
  • HIV-IDU link in neighboring countries
  • Limited detoxification and treatment
    • Self-medicate
    • Black-market
    • Very few trained (and informal) providers

CRDF Workshp, Brandeis University, August 2004

existing substance abuse treatment
Existing Substance Abuse Treatment
  • One private drug treatment clinic
  • Two psychiatrists with specialized training (methadone)
  • Informal system (including black-market)
  • Acupuncture detoxification program funded (to be implemented in November)
  • Family-supported treatment

Many gaps in the system

CRDF Workshp, Brandeis University, August 2004

the role of family in substance abuse treatment
The Role of Family in Substance Abuse Treatment
  • The family unit has functioned as civil society – in recent and past history
  • Users live at home
  • Families go to extreme measures to pay for out-of-Kosovo treatment
  • Families seek informal treatment and face difficult choices

CRDF Workshp, Brandeis University, August 2004

fundamental problem
Fundamental Problem
  • Limited resources (and lack of funding and attention) for substance abuse prevention and treatment
  • Society becoming modern and new institutions are being developed
  • Institution building is being driven by internationals, often with civil society that does not rely on the family unit

How to develop programs and encourage institutions to build upon the positive protective factors the family unit can provide?

CRDF Workshp, Brandeis University, August 2004

evidence of family support
Evidence of Family Support
  • How do we know the family is strong and can provide support and protective factors to reduce risk?
    • Case studies of families of substance abusers
    • Kosovo Attitudes about Drugs and HIV/AIDS (KADAH) project results
    • The community-mental health programs and the multi-family interventions with severely mentally ill patients

CRDF Workshp, Brandeis University, August 2004

rationale
Rationale
  • It works
    • Psycho-social education for severely mentally ill patients (MOH and UIC)
  • Public wants it
    • KADAH Project results (MOH and UIC)
  • Is happening anyway
    • RAR Report and other examples
  • Is cost-effective
  • Builds upon cultural traditions (but adapted to modern problems)

CRDF Workshp, Brandeis University, August 2004

policy recommendations
Policy Recommendations
  • Provide specialized public treatment
  • Support (educational) programs for families (for drug users and HIV/AIDS)
  • Encourage/assist family members be advocates for health and social services (overcome stigmatization)
  • Implement non-governmental, community based prevention and treatment programs (currently top-down, medical focus)

CRDF Workshp, Brandeis University, August 2004