Caribbean fishery management council 134 th meeting april 7 8 2010 st thomas u s virgin islands
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PUBLIC HEARING DRAFT AMENDMENT 2 TO THE FISHERY MANAGEMENT PLAN FOR THE QUEEN CONCH FISHERY OF PUERTO RICO AND THE U.S. VIRGIN ISLANDS AND AMENDMENT 5 TO THE REEF FISH FISHERY MANAGEMENT PLAN OF PUERTO RICO AND THE U.S. VIRGIN ISLANDS (with Draft Environmental Impact Statement) (March 24 2010).

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Caribbean fishery management council 134 th meeting april 7 8 2010 st thomas u s virgin islands

PUBLIC HEARING DRAFT AMENDMENT 2 TO THEFISHERY MANAGEMENT PLANFOR THE QUEEN CONCH FISHERY OFPUERTO RICO AND THE U.S. VIRGIN ISLANDSAND AMENDMENT 5 TO THE REEF FISHFISHERY MANAGEMENT PLAN OFPUERTO RICO AND THE U.S. VIRGIN ISLANDS(with Draft Environmental Impact Statement)(March 24 2010)

Caribbean Fishery Management Council

134th Meeting

April 7-8 2010

St. Thomas, U.S. Virgin Islands


Management alternatives

MANAGEMENT ALTERNATIVES

4.1 ACTION 1: Amend the Stock Complexes in the Reef Fish Fishery Management Units (FMU)

4.1.1 Action 1(a) Grouper units complex

Alternative 1. No action. Do not change the species groupings within the grouper FMU.

Alternative 2. (PREFERRED) Separate Grouper Unit 4 into Grouper Unit 4 (yellowfin, red, tiger, and black grouper) and Grouper Unit 5 (yellowedge and misty grouper). Move creole-fish from Grouper Unit 3 into the ‘data collection only’ unit.


Management alternatives1

MANAGEMENT ALTERNATIVES

4.1.2 Action 1(b) Snapper units

Alternative 1. No action. Do not change the species groupings within the snapper FMU.

Alternative 2. (PREFERRED) Modify the snapper FMU by adding cardinal snapper (Pristipomoidesmacrophthalmus) to Snapper Unit 2 and moving wenchman (Pristipomoidesaquilonaris) into Snapper Unit 1.



Management alternatives3

MANAGEMENT ALTERNATIVES

4.2 ACTION 2: MANAGEMENT REFERENCE POINTS

4.2.1 Action 2(a) Snapper, Grouper and Parrotfish Complexes

Action 2(a) proposes to redefine management reference points for species/species groups within the snapper, grouper and parrotfish complexes. The composition and classification of these species/species groups in NMFS’ report to Congress on the status of U.S. marine fisheries is described in Table 2.2.1. Snapper Unit 1, Grouper Units 1 and 4, and the Parrotfish Unit are classified as undergoing overfishing; however, the status of these species groups has not been assessed since the Council and NMFS implemented measures to address overfishing through the Comprehensive SFA Amendment. Grouper Units 1, 2 and 4 are classified as overfished and are entering the sixth year of rebuilding plans designed to rebuild those species/species groups by 2029, 2034 and 2014, respectively.


Caribbean fishery management council 134 th meeting april 7 8 2010

  • Alternative 1. No action. Retain current management reference points for species/species groups within the snapper, grouper and/or parrotfish complexes.


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MANAGEMENT ALTERNATIVES

Alternative 2. (PREFERRED) Redefine management reference points for the snapper, grouper and/or parrotfish complexes based on the longest reliable time series of pre-SFA catch data that promotes consistency among the islands.



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MANAGEMENT ALTERNATIVES parrotfish

Alternative 3. Redefine management reference points for the snapper, grouper and/or parrotfish complexes based on the longest reliable time series of catch data that promotes consistency among the islands.


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MANAGEMENT ALTERNATIVES parrotfish

Alternative 4. Redefine management reference points for the snapper, grouper and/or parrotfish complexes based on recent catch data.


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MANAGEMENT ALTERNATIVES parrotfish

4.2.2Action 2(b) Queen Conch Complex

Action 2(b) proposes to redefine management reference points for the queen conch complex. Queen conch is currently classified as overfished and subject to overfishing in NMFS’ report to Congress on the status of U.S. marine fisheries. However, the status of this species has not been assessed since the Council and NMFS implemented measures to address overfishing through the Comprehensive SFA Amendment. Queen conch is currently entering the sixth year of a rebuilding plan designed to rebuild the stock by 2019.

Alternative 1. No action. Retain current management reference points for the queen conch complex.


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MANAGEMENT ALTERNATIVES parrotfish

Alternative 1. No action. Retain current management reference points for the queen conch complex.


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MANAGEMENT ALTERNATIVES parrotfish

Alternative 2. (PREFERRED) Redefine management reference points for queen conch based on the longest reliable time series of pre-SFA catch data that promotes consistency among the islands.


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MANAGEMENT ALTERNATIVES parrotfish

Alternative 3. Redefine management reference points for queen conch based on the longest reliable time series of catch data that promotes consistency among the islands.


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MANAGEMENT ALTERNATIVES parrotfish

Alternative 4. Redefine management reference points for queen conch based on recent catch data.


Motions april 7 2010
MOTIONS APRIL 7 2010 parrotfish

REEF FISH

  • Move to accept Action 1(a) Alternative 2 as preferred

  • Move to accept Action 1(b) Alternative 2 as preferred

  • Move to accept Action 2(a) Alternative 2 as preferred

  • Move to accept Alt. 2(b) as preferred for Alt. 2 (Carlos Farchette/Beulah Dalmida; unanimous)

  • Move to adopt 0.75 scalar as preferred Alt. 2(e) (to snapper and grouper) (Marcos Hanke/Beulah Dalmida; unanimous)

  • Move to adopt Alt 2(h) as preferred for GU1 and GU2 (Roy Crabtree/Marcos Hanke; unanimous)

  • Move to adopt 0.75 uncertainty scalar, Alt 2(e), for the parrotfish (Marcos Hanke/Beulah Dalmida; 6 yes, 1 abstention; motion carries)

  • Move to adopt Alt 2(h) for the midnight, blue and rainbow parrotfish (Roy Crabtree/Marcos Hanke; unanimous)


Motions april 7 2010 cont
MOTIONS APRIL 7 2010 (cont.) parrotfish

Queen conch

  • Move that Action 2(b), Alternative 2, Alternative 2(b) and 2(g) be preferred alternatives for queen conch (Roy Crabtree/Carlos Farchette; unanimous)


Cfmc discussion april 8 2010
CFMC DISCUSSION April 8 2010 parrotfish

  • Action 3(a) Aggregate snapper and grouper in the USVI and aggregate grouper only but not snapper in Puerto Rico

  • Action 3(b) Alternative 2

  • Action 3(c ) Alternative 2, sub-alternative A as preferred

  • Action 4(a) Alternative 2

  • Action 5

  • Action 6


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MANAGEMENT ALTERNATIVES parrotfish

4.3 ACTION 3: Annual Catch Limit Allocation/Management

4.3.1 Action 3(a) Snapper and grouper unit allocation/management

Alternative 1. No action. Define reference points for sub-units within the snapper and grouper units.

Alternative 2. Define aggregate reference points for the snapper and grouper units:

A. Puerto Rico only

B. USVI only

C. Both Puerto Rico and the USVI


Motion action 3 april 8 2010
Motion Action 3 (April 8 2010) parrotfish

  • Aggregate snapper and grouper in the USVI and aggregate grouper only but not snapper in Puerto Rico

    • Marcos Hanke/B. Dalmida-Smith (all yes, W. Ledee absent; motion carries


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MANAGEMENT ALTERNATIVES parrotfish

Alternative 3. Define aggregate reference points for the grouper unit:

A. Puerto Rico only

B. USVI only

C. Both Puerto Rico and the USVI


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MANAGEMENT ALTERNATIVES parrotfish

4.3.2 Action 3(b) Commercial and recreational sector allocation/management (Puerto Rico only)

Alternative 1. No action. Do not specify sector-specific ACL reference points.

Alternative 2. (PREFERRED) Specify separate commercial and recreational annual catch limits based on the preferred management reference point time series.


Motion action 3 b
Motion Action 3(b) parrotfish

  • Accept Alternative 2 as preferred

  • M. Garcia/M. Hanke (6 yes, 1 absent, motion carries)


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MANAGEMENT ALTERNATIVES parrotfish

4.3.3 Action 3(c) Geographic allocation/management

Alternative 1. No Action. Maintain U.S. Caribbean-wide ACLs reference points.

Alternative 2. (PREFERRED) Divide and manage annual catch limits by island group (i.e., Puerto Rico, STT/STJ, STX) based on the preferred management reference point time series (Table 4.3.1 and Action 2).

A. Use a mid-point or equidistant method for dividing the EEZ among islands. (PREFERRED)

B. Use a straight line approach for dividing the EEZ among islands.

C. Use the St. Thomas Fishermen’s Association line.


Motion action 3 c
Motion Action 3(c ) parrotfish

  • Accept Alternative 2, sub-alternative A as preferred

  • M. Hanke/M. Garcia (5 yes, 1 abstention, 1 absent, motion carries)


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MANAGEMENT ALTERNATIVES parrotfish

4.4 ACTION 4: Management Measures

4.4.1 Action 4(a) Species-specific parrotfish prohibitions

Alternative 1. No action. Do not establish species-specific prohibitions on parrotfish harvest.

Alternative 2. (PREFERRED) Prohibit fishing for or possessing in the EEZ:

A. Midnight parrotfish

B. Blue parrotfish

C. Rainbow parrotfish


Motion action 4 a
Motion Action 4(a) parrotfish

  • Move Alternative 2 as preferred

  • R. Crabtree/M. Garcia (5 yes, 2 absent)


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MANAGEMENT ALTERNATIVES parrotfish

4.4.2 Action 4(b) Recreational bag limits

Alternative 1. No action. Do not establish bag limit restrictions on recreational reef fish harvest.

Alternative 2. Specify a 10-fish aggregate bag limit per person (would not apply to a fisherman who has a valid commercial fishing license issued by Puerto Rico or the USVI) for:

A. Species in the Snapper FMU

B. Species in the Grouper FMU

C. Species in the Parrotfish FMU


Action 4 b alternative 6
Action 4(b) Alternative 6 parrotfish

  • Move to aggregate bag limit for snapper, grouper and parrotfish FMUs: 10 per fisher not more than 2 parrotfish per fisher or 6 parrotfish per boat, and 30 aggregate snapper and grouper and parrotfish per boat on a fishing day

  • C. Farchette/ M. Hanke (carries)


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MANAGEMENT ALTERNATIVES parrotfish

Alternative 3. Specify a 5-fish aggregate bag limit per person (would not apply to a fisherman who has a valid commercial fishing license issued by Puerto Rico or the USVI) for:

A. Species in the Snapper FMU

B. Species in the Grouper FMU

C. Species in the Parrotfish FMU

Alternative 4. Specify a 2-fish aggregate bag limit per person (would not apply to a fisherman who has a valid commercial fishing license issued by Puerto Rico or the USVI) for:

A. Species in the Snapper FMU

B. Species in the Grouper FMU

C. Species in the Parrotfish FMU


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MANAGEMENT ALTERNATIVES parrotfish

Alternative 5. Establish a vessel limit (would not apply to a fisherman who has a valid commercial fishing license issued by Puerto Rico or the USVI) equivalent to the aggregate bag limit for:

A. Two fishers

B. Three fishers

C. Four fishers


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MANAGEMENT ALTERNATIVES parrotfish

4.5 ACTION 5: Accountability Measures


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Action 5(a) Triggering accountability measures

Alternative 1. No Action. Do not trigger accountability measures.


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Alternative 2. Trigger accountability measures if the annual catch limit is exceeded based upon:

A. A single year of landings beginning with landings from 2010.

B. A single year of landings beginning with landings from 2010, then a 2-year average of landings in 2011 (average of 2010+2011) and thereafter (i.e., 2010, 2010-2011, 2011-2012, etc.).

C. A single year of landings beginning with landings from 2010, a 2-year average of landings in 2011 (average of 2010+2011), then a 3-year average of landings in 2012 (average of 2010+2011+2012) and thereafter (i.e., 2010, 2010-2011, 2010-2012, 2011-2013, etc.).


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MANAGEMENT ALTERNATIVES parrotfish

Alternative 3. Trigger accountability measures if the annual catch limit is exceeded as defined below and NMFS’ Southeast Fisheries Science Center (in consultation with the Caribbean Fishery Management Council and its Scientific and Statistical Committee) determines the overage occurred because catches increased versus data collection/monitoring improved:

A single year of landings effective beginning 2010.

A single year of landings effective beginning 2010, then a 2-year average of landings effective 2011 and thereafter (i.e., 2010, 2010-2011, 2011-2012, etc.).

A single year of landings effective beginning 2010, a 2-year average of landings effective 2011, then a 3-year average of landings effective 2012 and thereafter (i.e., 2010, 2010-2011, 2010-2012, 2011-2013, etc.).


Action 5 a
Action 5(a) parrotfish

  • Preferred Alternative 3(c )

  • B. Dalmida-Smith/M. Hanke (5 yes)


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MANAGEMENT ALTERNATIVES parrotfish

Action 5(b) Applying accountability measures

Alternative 1. No Action. Do not apply accountability measures.

Alternative 2. If accountability measures are triggered for a species or species group, then reduce the length of the fishing season for that species or species group the year following the trigger determination by the amount needed to prevent such an overage from occurring again. The needed changes will remain in effect until modified at the request of the Council.

Alternative 3. If accountability measures are triggered for a species or species group, then reduce the length of the fishing season for that species or species group the year following the trigger determination by the amount needed to prevent such an overage from occurring again and to pay back the overage. The needed changes will remain in effect until modified at the request of the Council.


Action 5 b
Action 5(b) parrotfish

  • Alternative 2 as preferred alternative in action 5(b)

  • B. Dalmida-Smith/M. Hanke (6 yes)


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MANAGEMENT ALTERNATIVES parrotfish

4.6 Action 6: Framework Measures

4.6.1 Action 6(a): Establish Framework Measures for Reef Fish FMP

Alternative 1: No Action. Do not establish framework measures for the Reef Fish FMP


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MANAGEMENT ALTERNATIVES parrotfish

Alternative 2: Establish framework procedures for the Reef Fish FMP to provide a mechanism to independently adjust the following management measures through framework action:

a. Quota Requirements

b. Seasonal Closures

c. Area Closures

d. Fishing Year

e. Trip/Bag Limit

f. Size Limits

g. Gear Restrictions or Prohibitions

h. Permitting Restrictions

i. Timeframe for Recovery of Overfished Species

j. Rebuilding Plans


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MANAGEMENT ALTERNATIVES parrotfish

k. Fishery Management Units (FMU)

l. Total Allowable Catch (TAC)

m. Annual Catch Limits (ACLs)

n. Accountability Measures (AMs)

o. Annual Catch Targets(ACTs)

p. Maximum Sustainable Yield (MSY)

q. Optimum Yield (OY)

r. Minimum Stock Size Threshold (MSST)

s. Maximum Fishing Mortality Threshold (MFMT)


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MANAGEMENT ALTERNATIVES parrotfish

t. Overfishing Limit (OFL)

u. Acceptable Biological Catch (ABC)

v. Actions to Minimize the Interaction of Fishing Gear with Endangered Species or Marine Mammals.

Alternative 3: Establish framework procedures for the Reef Fish FMP to provide the Council with a mechanism to independently adjust a subset of management measures outlined in Alternative 2.


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MANAGEMENT ALTERNATIVES parrotfish

4.6.2 Action 6(b): Establish Framework Measures for Queen Conch FMP

Alternative 1: No Action. Do not establish framework measures for the Queen Conch FMP

Alternative 2: Establish framework procedures for the Queen Conch FMP to provide a mechanism to independently adjust the following management measures through framework action:

a. Quota Requirements

b. Seasonal Closures

c. Area Closures

d. Fishing Year

e. Trip/Bag Limit

f. Size Limits


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MANAGEMENT ALTERNATIVES parrotfish

g. Gear Restrictions or Prohibitions

h. Permitting Restrictions

i. Timeframe for Recovery of Overfished Species

j. Rebuilding Plans

k. Fishery Management Units (FMU)

l. Total Allowable Catch (TAC)

m. Annual Catch Limits (ACLs)

n. Accountability Measures (AMs)

o. Annual Catch Targets (ACTs)

p. Maximum Sustainable Yield (MSY)

q. Optimum Yield (OY)


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MANAGEMENT ALTERNATIVES parrotfish

r. Minimum Stock Size Threshold (MSST)

s. Maximum Fishing Mortality Threshold (MFMT)

t. Overfishing Limit (OFL)

u. Acceptable Biological Catch (ABC)

v. Actions to Minimize the Interaction of Fishing Gear with Endangered Species or Marine Mammals


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MANAGEMENT ALTERNATIVES parrotfish

Alternative 3: Establish framework procedures for the Queen Conch FMP to provide the Council with a mechanism to independently adjust a subset of management measures outlined in Alternative 2.


Schedule
SCHEDULE parrotfish

  • April 2010 Approve ACL Amendment to FMPs for Public Hearings

  • Publish DEIS July 1 2010 (45 day comment period)

  • Public Hearings July 2010

  • Final Action August-September 2010


Motion april 8 2010
Motion April 8 2010 parrotfish

  • Submit the ACL document to public hearings after modification by the staff

  • M. Hanke/C. Farchette (unanimous 1 absent)