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WESTERN CAPE SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT CONFERENCE Dialogue Session 7 POVERTY DIMENSIONS, CHARACTERISTICS AND INDICATORS PRESENTATION BY MS VL PETERSEN 21 JUNE 2005. DEVELOPMENTAL CHALLENGES Lack of Social Cohesion High Levels of unemployment, High Crime rate and gangsterism,

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WESTERN CAPE

SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT CONFERENCE

Dialogue Session 7

POVERTY DIMENSIONS, CHARACTERISTICS

AND INDICATORS

PRESENTATION BY MS VL PETERSEN

21 JUNE 2005

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DEVELOPMENTAL CHALLENGES
  • Lack of Social Cohesion
  • High Levels of unemployment,
  • High Crime rate and gangsterism,
  • Early school leaving rate,
  • Disintegration of family units,
  • Arrest of children and child abuse cases ,
  • High levels of substance abuse, dependancy and

trafficking

poverty current situation
POVERTY: CURRENT SITUATION
  • INEQUALITY AND POVERTY INCREASING IN THE PROVINCE
  • 1.8 MILLION PEOPLE DEFINED AS POOR IN TERMS OF LACK OF FOOD, INCOME, SHELTER, ACCESS TO BASIC RESOURCES
  • APPROX. 700 000 INDIVIDUALS IN 382 000 HOUSEHOLDS IN PROVINCE RECEIVING SOCIAL SECURITY SUPPORT
  • WHAT PROCESSES EXIST TO ENABLE THE REMAINING 1.1 MILLION POOR TO IMPROVE THEIR LARGELY SURVIVIALIST SOURCE(S) OF INCOME (SECOND ECONOMY) – THIS IS THE TARGET GROUP
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The poverty definition in the Western Cape is conceptualised within the following parameters or dimensions:
  • Security and Peace of mind
  • Gender Relations
  • Institutions
  • Social Relations
  • Capabilities
  • Vulnerability
  • Spatial
  • Physical
  • Income and Assets
growth and development strategy
GROWTH AND DEVELOPMENT STRATEGY
  • 8 Pillars of iKapa Elihlumayo (Die Kaap wat Groei)
    • Building human capital
    • Social capital formation
    • Strategic infrastructure plan
    • Micro economic development strategy
    • Spatial development framework
    • Communication and marketing
    • Improving financial governance
    • Improved Inter-governmental co-ordination
integrating the ikapa elihlumayo pillars means that
INTEGRATING THE IKAPA ELIHLUMAYO PILLARS MEANS THAT
  • Meds focus is on bee, entrepreneurship, smmes, job creation (assumption of higher level of skill) & focus on locations and their potential for growth (spatial targeting) led – second to first economy
  • Spatial Development plan focus is on social and spatial targeting - scoping & analysis exercise
  • Human Capital development focus is on education and skills development – social targeting
  • Social Capital focus is on building local social networks
  • Strategic Infrastructure investment – build assest capital
  • Local Government indigent policy/free basic services and scoping
social capital concepts and definitions
SOCIAL CAPITAL CONCEPTS AND DEFINITIONS
  • institutions, relationships and norms that shape quality and quantity of society’s social interactions and enables collective action
  • based on trust and shared values that enables exchange of goods and services in a reciprocal relationship
social capital concepts and definitions1
SOCIAL CAPITAL CONCEPTS AND DEFINITIONS
  • glue that holds society together
  • a larger base of networks enables better management of challenging situations
  • types:
    • Bonding:homogenous groups
    • Bridging:brings together people across social divides; based on common values, reciprocity and trust
    • Linking:vertical dimension; trust on larger scale
interventions
INTERVENTIONS
  • Embedded in human rights approach
  • Deepens Democracy
  • Increased access to networks and resources that facilitate “scaling up”
  • Increased capacity of the poor to leverage resources, ideas and information with formal institutions
interventions1
INTERVENTIONS
  • MOU’s with local government to effect cooperative and seamless government
  • Inclusion of intended beneficiaries in programme design, implementation and monitoring
  • Support to local economic development
  • Synergy with Ikapa Elihlumayo, HRDS, MEDS and SIDP
  • Inwent poverty reduction programme- groups of 35
outcomes
OUTCOMES
  • Income, assets and livelihoods
    • Proportion of household whose income, asset and livelihoods have transform them from poor to well being self reliance; reduced dependence on social security
  • Education, human capacity and skills
    • Enrolment at ECD centres; reduced number of dropouts; Food security at schools; enrolment in tertiary institutions- gender breakdown; Number of young people with

appropriate /work related skills

outcomes continued
OUTCOMES (continued)
  • Basic municipal services
    • Number of families on indigent /Safety net programme; proportion of users paying for services-Civic responsibility;
  • Housing, land and infrastructure development
    • Quality of Human settlements; Number of households having access to land; ability to use land as leverage; Access to water for farming purposes and Mari culture
outcomes continued1
OUTCOMES (continued)
  • Transport, roads infrastructure
    • Number of rural communities enjoying efficient public transport services; Safety on public transport in urban areas;
    • Condition of roads; number of rural communities where access to services has been improved by new or improved roads;
outcomes continued2
OUTCOMES (continued)
  • Health and nutrition
    • Impact of nutrition programmes
    • Number of households whose nutrition and health has improved over time
  • Inclusion rights and social protection
    • Public awareness about rights and legislation; awareness of roles in service delivery; Living conditions
outcomes continued3
OUTCOMES (continued)
  • Empowering vulnerable groups
    • Number of disabled on social security, employed and have access to services and necessary equipment; Number and improved living conditions of child headed households;Number of groups and communities mobilsed for self reliance-litsema/vukuzenzele
outcomes continued4
OUTCOMES (continued)
  • Employment, opportunity and work
    • Number of young people absorbed in the work place; Number of women employed
  • Security and peace of mind
    • Drop in crime rate, drop of intake in places of safety and prison; Increase of youth doing civic responsibility, volunteerism; social capital strengthened, Community regeneration; Populous enjoying effective service delivery
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THANK YOU

DANKIE

ENKOSI

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