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Chapter 9 Section 3. Americans in Foreign Seas. From the late 1700’s, American merchants began to sail around the world. Barbary Pirates demanded tribute in the Mediterranean. From 1801-1805, the U.S. was at war with Tripoli. Empress of China. Freedom of the Seas.

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americans in foreign seas
Americans in Foreign Seas
  • From the late 1700’s, American merchants began to sail around the world.
  • Barbary Pirates demanded tribute in the Mediterranean.
  • From 1801-1805, the U.S. was at war with Tripoli
freedom of the seas
Freedom of the Seas
  • The U.S. had challenges with France and Britain.
  • America’s Neutral Rights were violated
    • France seized ships trading with Britain
    • Britain blockaded French coasts.
freedom of the seas1
Freedom of the Seas
  • Britain kidnapped American sailors.
    • Impressment
  • Britain also openly attacked American ships.
    • Leopard intercepted the Chesapeake in 1807.
freedom of the seas2
Freedom of the Seas
  • Hostilities with Britain lead to the Embargo Act in 1807.
    • Prohibited trade with ALL foreign nations.
    • It tanked American commerce.
    • Was repealed in 1809.
james madison
James Madison
  • Elected President in 1808
war fever
War Fever
  • In 1810, Congress lifted its ban on trade with France.
    • French ships continued to terrorize American ships
frontier conflict
Frontier Conflict
  • Ohio became a state in 1803.
  • Tensions were increasing with Native American in that region.
  • Tecumseh, a Shawnee chief, founded a Native American Confederacy.
frontier conflicts
Frontier Conflicts
  • The Prophet urged Native Americans to return to the customs of their ancestors.
    • Tecumseh’s brother
  • General William Henry Harrison tried to sooth things with Tecumseh.
battle of tippecanoe
Battle of Tippecanoe
  • In 1811, General Harrison defeated Tecumseh at the Battle of Tippecanoe.
  • This lead Tecumseh to join forces with the British.
war hawks
War Hawks
  • Many people attempted to pressure President Madison to go to war.
    • These people were know as War Hawks
  • This was due to extreme nationalism.
declaring war
Declaring War
  • Clay and Calhoun convinced Congress to quadruple the size of the Army.
  • On June 1st, 1812, President Madison asked Congress to declare war with Britain.