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Concept Mapping. Mara Alagic. How Memory Works?. The brain stores information in memory sites by establishing structural links between synapses (connection between neurons or brain cells)

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Concept Mapping

Mara Alagic

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How Memory Works?

  • The brain stores information in memory sites by establishing structural links between synapses (connection between neurons or brain cells)

  • The number of branches that a neural process makes and the number and efficacy of synapses determine long term memory

Mara Alagic: Concept Mapping

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How Memory Works? (2)

  • Short term memory appears to be stored differently and in a variety of ways

  • It is believed that a familiar stimulus can set up "harmonics" of memory sites making connections to many other bits of stored information

Mara Alagic: Concept Mapping

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Structuring Information

  • Thinking is a complex process: thoughts may flow or leap or digress and return to the main idea again

  • If is difficult to follow the presentation if it is not structured so that we can make connections with previous knowledge

Mara Alagic: Concept Mapping

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Concept map

  • Concept mapping arose from Ausubel"s cognitive educational psychology

  • According to Ausubel, a given teaching strategy does not necessarily assure meaningful learning

  • Both the student’s background and learning approach determine a strategy’s effectiveness

Mara Alagic: Concept Mapping

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Graphic organizers or Concept Mapping or Mind Mapping?

  • Descriptive Concept Map

  • Showing what we know: Numbers in the Environment

  • Inspiration

  • Exploring Mars

Mara Alagic: Concept Mapping

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Concept Map Development

  • The process of concept map development has a similarity to individual brain-storming

  • A logical sequence shown by the inter-connections of facts links the ideas in an hierarchical order

Mara Alagic: Concept Mapping

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Why Concept Maps?

  • Teaching and learning with concept maps utilizes visual and organizational features of the mind, to improve learning and confidence.

  • It takes time to develop a map; speed comes with experience. Reference: Novak, J. D, and Gowin, D. Bob, Learning how to learn, New York, Cambridge University Press, 1984.

Mara Alagic: Concept Mapping

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Concept Mapping and Curriculum Design

Mara Alagic: Concept Mapping

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Concept Map: A Learning Tool

Providing students with learning tools that integrate information helps learning:

  • taking notes

  • problem solving

  • planning study - as an organizer

  • preparing for examinations - identifies the integration of topics

  • planning essays or larger reports

Mara Alagic: Concept Mapping

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Making a Concept Map (1)

  • Choose a topic/concept

  • Write down major terms/concepts about the topic

  • Identify the most general, intermediate, & specific concepts

  • Begin drawing the concept map

    • Concepts are circled

    • Place the most general concepts at the top/center

    • Place intermediate concepts below/next to general concepts

    • Put specific concepts on bottom/further

Mara Alagic: Concept Mapping

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Making a Concept Map (2)

  • Draw lines between related concepts

  • Label the lines with "linking words" to indicate how the concepts are related

  • Revise the map

Mara Alagic: Concept Mapping