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Faculty of Actuaries Students’ Society. Current Topics 2009 – 2010 Life Insurance Ross Fleming. Agenda. Changing Times Industry Update – Sales Industry Update – RDR Mortality Projection Model (CMI_2009) Corporate Activity Solvency II IFRS 4 – Phase II. Changing Times.

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faculty of actuaries students society

Faculty of Actuaries Students’ Society

Current Topics 2009 – 2010

Life Insurance

Ross Fleming

  • Changing Times
  • Industry Update – Sales
  • Industry Update – RDR
  • Mortality Projection Model (CMI_2009)
  • Corporate Activity
  • Solvency II
  • IFRS 4 – Phase II
changing times
Changing Times

Latest RDR Papers (Mar 10)

MCEV (Jan 11)?

Mortality Projection

Model (Nov 09)

Solvency II regime begins (Oct 12/Jan 13)?

CP on SII Tax (June 10)






TAS D (July 10)

Personal Accounts (Jan 12)

Walker Review (July 09)

IFRS 4 – Phase II regime begins (2013)?

TAS R (Apr 10)

TAS M (Jan 11)

industry update sales
Industry UpdateSales

Source: ABI

  • Graph shows over last 2-3 years:
  • Continued fall in SP Bonds – changes to CGT rules
  • Falls in SP Offshore Products – waning investor confidence
  • Falls in SP & AP individual pensions – poor market conditions
industry update retail distribution review
Industry UpdateRetail Distribution Review

Throughout the review, FSA focused on achieving specific outcomes:

  • Engaging consumers and delivering more clarity on products & services
  • A market which addresses consumer needs and wants
  • High standards of professionalism to promote confidence
  • Introduce remuneration arrangements which promote competition to benefit consumer
  • Firms are viable and deliver on longer term commitments
  • Regulatory framework that can support the delivery of these aspirations
rdr recent papers
RDR – Recent papers

In March this year, the FSA released:

  • Policy Statement 10/6
    • Improving clarity for consumers on advice services & addressing potential remuneration bias
  • Consultation Paper 10/8 (28 June 2010 deadline)
    • Sets out rules for pure protection sales by investment advisers (disclosure & authorised)
  • Discussion Paper DP10/2 (26 May deadline)
    • Seeks views on options for changes on how platforms are regulated

CP09/18 (June)

CP09/31 (Dec)



PS09/19 (Nov)

PS10/6, CP10/8 & DP10/2 (March)

rdr recent survey
RDR – Recent Survey

Key outcomes - snapshot of the perceived impact of RDR on organisations:

  • 76% of organisations felt RDR presented an opportunity for their organisation
  • 48% thought it would cost over £5m to implement RDR
  • 77% have made plans (with 20% underway) to implement RDR
  • 76% believe RDR will alter their distribution mix
  • 62% believe RDR will change their target customer segments

Source: Recent survey by Winchester White Management Consultants

mortality model cmi 2009
Mortality Model – CMI_2009
  • CMI concerns with use of cohort projections
  • Consultation Papers 38 & 39 – 2009
  • Live version released in Nov 2009 (CMI_2009)
    • Projects annual rates of mortality – assuming current rates of change blend to long-term rate
    • Single, deterministic mortality projection for each set of inputs
    • User input – ‘core’ or ‘advanced’ settings
    • Flexibility for use
  • Intended to replace cohort projections but maintain
    • Strength of projections
    • Flexibility
    • Common standard for benchmarking
    • And introduce separate up-to-date projections for Males/Females
  • The model output :
    • 2-d table of improvement factors / cumulative reduction factors
    • Heat maps of improvement factors and mortality rates
    • Sample expectation of life and annuity values
corporate activity
Corporate Activity
  • Limited activity in 2009:
    • Merger between Clerical Medical and Scottish Widows, as a consequence of the LTSB / HBOS merger
    • Resolution acquired Friends Provident for £1.86bn in August 2009
  • Renewed activity in 2010
    • Prudential signalled intentions for major growth in Asia with proposed purchase of AIA, the Asian assets of AIG.
    • Offer around £20-23bn (current market cap of £15bn)
    • 75% of new group’s assets would be in Asia compared with 35% currently
    • AIG also sold ALICO its non-US life assurance business to MetLife for $15.5bn in cash and securities
  • Longevity swaps and pension buy-ins made up the major deals in 2009 so far in 2010.
  • These instruments are currently the preferred method of protecting against longevity risk
solvency ii background
Solvency II - Background
  • Risk-based regulatory requirement across EU
    • Aim is to better reflect risks faced by companies & consistency
    • Incentivise insurers to better manage/measure their risks
  • Three pillar approach cutting across the risks (quantitative & qualitative):
    • Minimum capital requirements
    • Risk measurement
    • Management & disclosure
solvency ii timeline














Solvency II timeline
  • The deadline for Solvency II compliance is 31 October 2012
  • Proposal that deadline will be moved to 1 January 2013















March 2009

Organisations report to the FSA on their Solvency II governance arrangements and the senior individual responsible for Solvency II implementation

April 2009

CEIOPS publish draft advice on the internal model approval process

June 2009

Organisations to indicate whether they intend to apply for internal model approval or use the standard formula

December 2009

CEIOPS publish technical advice on associated implementation measures (level 2)

April-November 2010

Organisations in first wave to initiate dry-run of their internal model & QIS 5 to calibrate the calculation of technical provisions






January 2011

Organisations in second batch to initiate a dry-run of their internal model

July 2011

Publication of Solvency II Level 2 technical policy finalised by the EU

October 2011

Organisations submit first batch of dry-run results to FSA

April 2012

FSA gives formal view on submissions & organisations in second batch submit results of dry-run to FSA

Oct 2012/Jan 2013

Organisations to be compliant with Solvency II






solvency ii topics in 2010
Solvency II – topics in 2010
  • QIS 5
    • Timetable set Jan 2010, last until Nov 2010
    • Participation mandatory for all firms intending to apply for internal model under FSA’s pre-application process
  • Development of Internal models
    • Further work required to develop these in time for pre-application process
  • Level III consultation papers
    • CEIOPS will publish CPs for its Level III advice throughout 2010, including details of Pillar 3
  • Resourcing SII projects
    • Huge change for companies – touches many areas of business
    • Significant project to implement and difficulties to recruit and develop SII alongside BAU
ifrs 4 phase ii background
IFRS 4 – Phase IIBackground
  • Phase II deals with the recognition and measurement of insurance contracts using a principle-based approach making use of current market data
  • Aligns insurance accounting with general principles in use for all other IFRSs
  • Phase II standard envisaged to follow IFRS after a few years but incurred delays.
  • FASB & IASB joined forces to develop insurance accounting standard.
  • Exposure Draft of new IFRS 4 is expected in May 2010, with final standard in June 2011
  • Estimated to come into force in 2013 at earliest.
ifrs 4 phase ii measurement of liabilities
IFRS 4 Phase IIMeasurement of Liabilities

Latest methodology emerging from FASB/IASB discussions (4 building blocks):

  • Unbiased probability-weighted cash flows
    • Explicit, current estimates of expected cash flows.
    • Financial market variables consistent with observable prices
    • Non-market variables should use all available data, weighting more relevant
  • Time value of money
    • Using present value techniiques that reflect time value of money
  • Risk adjustment
    • Still being debated – intended to reflect the insurer’s uncertainty associated with future cash flows. Defined as amount the insurer requires for bearing uncertainty arising from having to fulfil net obligation arising from insurance contract.
  • Residual margin
    • Eliminates any gain from inception in the measurement of the insurance contract
    • Many important decisions still outstanding on this
comparison of ifrs sii
Comparison of IFRS & SII
  • Timeline
    • Timelines of the two regimes are not aligned.
  • Objectives / Purpose
    • IFRS Phase II aims to achieve consistency of accounting and valuation of insurance contracts across companies and improving investors understanding of profitability and financial position
    • SII aims to deliver a supervisory system for insurers that is consistent across all member states of EU
  • Scope
    • IFRS Phase II has a transaction based scope – applies to all contracts that meet definition of insurance, regardless of entity’s legal status.
    • SII scope is a function of the entity’s regulatory status and covers all assets & liabilities of such entities within the EU
  • Measurement
    • Both regimes apply market consistent principles. Other similarities / differences occur in:
    • Estimate of future premiums
    • Effect of time value of money
    • Risk margin
    • Other margins
    • Participating business