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Armand Racine Consultant Chemicals Branch Division of Technology, Industry and Economics United Nations Environment Programme. Global Chemicals Outlook Using the LIRA-Guidance for Pillar III: Instruments and Approaches. Contents. The LIRA-Guidance in UNEP Chemicals Mainstreaming Programme

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Armand Racine

Consultant

Chemicals Branch

Division of Technology, Industry and Economics

United Nations Environment Programme

Global Chemicals OutlookUsing the LIRA-Guidance for Pillar III: Instruments and Approaches


Contents

  • The LIRA-Guidance in UNEP Chemicals Mainstreaming Programme

  • The LIRA-Guidance in the GCO

  • Scope and Approach of the Guidance

  • Content of the Guidance


The lira guidance in unep chemicals mainstreaming programme
The LIRA-Guidance in UNEP Chemicals Mainstreaming Programme

UNEP Chemicals Mainstreaming Programme:

UNEP-WHO Health and Environment Strategic Alliance:

Improve cross-sectoral governance for better coordination of chemicals management activities

Costs of Inaction/ Global Chemicals Outlook:

Raise political awareness of the need for preventive and integrated chemicals management for sustainable development

UNEP-UNEP Partnership Initiative:

Promote and assist the integration of chemicals management into development planning policies

LIRA-Guidance:

Provide practical support to policymakers on crucial elements of national legislation and institutional set-ups for achieving sound management of chemicals, including measures for financing necessary national administration supports


The lira guidance in the gco 1
The LIRA-Guidance in the GCO (1)

Proposed chapters for Pillar III:

Introduction

General Instruments and Approaches

Corporate and Industrial Responses

National Responses

International Responses

Recommendations for the Way Forward

LIIs key element of response at country level

LIIs also enable the deployment of general instruments, corporate and international responses


The lira guidance in the gco 2
The LIRA-Guidance in the GCO (2)

LIIs give operational reality to SMC policy

Framework for key elements of SMC:

Clear roles and responsibilities (incl. coordination)

Risk analysis systems (i.e. assessment and labelling)

Information management systems

Risks management measures

Liability and rehabilitation

Disasters prevention and management

Implementation, monitoring and enforcement mechanisms

Education and information communication


The lira guidance in the gco 3
The LIRA-Guidance in the GCO (3)

LIIs also provide framework for financing SMC:

Cost sharing

Public and private sectors responsibilities

Allocation of mandates between administrative bodies

Organisation of administration for access to national budget allocation process

Cost recovery measures


Scope and approach of the guidance 1
Scope and Approach of the Guidance (1)

Scope of LIIs (SAICM)

Life-cycle chemicals management (from production to disposal)

Agricultural and industrial chemicals in general, including chemicals in products

Approach/ Key principles of the LIRA-Guidance

The review of legal and institutional infrastructures should be part of an integrated, lifecycle chemicals management strategy

LIIs should provide the foundational capacity for implementation of national SMC policy

Strong inter-sectoral and multi-stakeholders collaboration mechanisms for SMC should be established

The review should follow a sound planning process, including sustainable financing considerations


Scope and approach of the guidance 2
Scope and Approach of the Guidance (2)

Current focus: Placement of chemicals on the market

Four main tasks

Obtaining information on chemicals properties, hazards and risks

Disseminating information (Classification and labelling)

Making informed choices (Bans and restrictions)

Organizing the safe use of chemicals (licensing, authorization, registration)

Flexible enabling framework for SMC

Principles for the management of the marketing of chemicals are relatively similar for all categories of chemical substances/flows

Enabling framework for action on life-cycle chemicals management

Early step of preventive chemicals risks management target few stakeholders (Producers, importers, distributers), but impact the whole supply chain (production, uses, transport, disposal) – Cost-efficient

Particularly suited for DCs and CEiTs given structure of globalised chemicals markets


Scope and approach of the guidance 3
Scope and Approach of the Guidance (3)

Objectives of the Guidance:

Assist countries in reviewing legal and institutional infrastructures in a step-by-step process, with a focus on the development and financing of an action plan for national strengthening SMC regimes

Propose options for organizing the legal and institutional infrastructures governing the placement of chemicals on the market, including legislation and institutional arrangements given the national context

Identify the main elements that should be considered when developing or strengthening legislation governing the placement of chemicals on the market, and discuss options for addressing these elements in line with the national situation

Provide tools for ensuring sustainable financing, including cost recovery measures and access to national budget allocation process


Content of the guidance 1
Content of the Guidance (1)

The components of the Guidance

Process for reviewing LIIs in the national context

Three national contexts for reviewing LIIs

Main steps of a review process

Key elements for strengthening LIIs governing the placement of chemicals on the market in different country situations

Organizing LIIs in the national context

Key legal instruments (laws, regulations)

Organisation of requirements (consolidation, harmonisation)

Organisation of national administration

International dimension


Content of the guidance 2
Content of the Guidance (2)

The components of the Guidance

Main considerations for legislation

Purpose, objective, scope, definitions, legal principles

Administration

Key instruments

Inspections, reporting, enforcement

Confidentiality

Appeals

Tools for compliance promotion

Transparency and communication

Education and training

General awareness raising


Content of the guidance 3
Content of the Guidance (3)

The components of the Guidance

Sustainable financing component

Costing the development or reform of LIIs

Sustainable financing through cost recovery

Benefits to industry

Options for cost recovery systems

The legal basis

Targeted entities

Charges/fees structure

Level of charges

Implementation

Monitoring

Revenue allocation


Thank you for your attention!

Armand Racine

Consultant

UNEP DTIE Chemicals Branch

[email protected]

+41 22 917 89 19


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