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Page: 444. Successor states to the Roman empire, 500 AD. Byzantine empire and its neighbors 527-554 C.E. Page: 329. The Byzantine Empire. After the Western Roman Empire fell in AD 476, the Eastern Roman Empire continued (AD 330-AD 1453). It was called the Byzantine Empire.

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Page 444

Page: 444

Successor states to the Roman empire, 500 AD



Successor states to the roman empire 500 ad

The Byzantine

Empire

After the Western Roman

Empire fell in AD 476, the

Eastern Roman Empire

continued (AD 330-AD

1453). It was called the

Byzantine Empire.

Constantinople was its

capital.


Successor states to the roman empire 500 ad

Byzantine emperors

claimed that God gave

them the right to rule

(divine right).

Justinian was their most

famous ruler (reign: AD

527-567). He built the

Hagia Sophia and gave his

empire written laws.






Successor states to the roman empire 500 ad

Western Europe

and the “Dark

Ages”

goodreads.com

In western Europe, the

Early Middle Ages (AD

500-1000) is known as

the “Dark Ages.”

Why?

*Literacy declined.

*Roman law (judges,

innocent until proven

guilty) was replaced by

trial by ordeal or

combat.


Successor states to the roman empire 500 ad

srhabay.wikispaces.com

*Towns declined and

crime increased.

Latin evolved into

languages such as

Italian, Spanish, and

French.


Successor states to the roman empire 500 ad

The Franks, the

Merovingian

Empire, and Clovis

An ethnic group, the

Franks, became very

powerful. Clovis (AD 481-

511) founded the

Merovingian Empire and

converted his people to

Christianity.




Successor states to the roman empire 500 ad

Charlemagne and

the Carolingian

Empire

A different family took

control of the Franks in the

early 8th C. and began the

Carolingian Empire.

Charlemagne (Charles the

Great) ruled from AD 768

to 814 and expanded the

empire.




Successor states to the roman empire 500 ad

Invasions from Muslim

forces, the Vikings, and

Magyars ended the

empire.



Successor states to the roman empire 500 ad

The Vikings

(Northmen or

Norsemen)

From Scandinavia.

From AD 800 to AD 1000

the Vikings raided lands

from Ireland to Russia.

They were fierce

barbarians who

worshipped war-like gods.

Bersrkrswere “crazy”

Viking warriors.


Successor states to the roman empire 500 ad

www.pbs.org

Excellent sailors;

technologically advanced

ships; skilled explorers.


Successor states to the roman empire 500 ad

Images are from google.com

Bottom picture shows sculpture of

Leif Ericson in Reykjavik, Iceland

Explorations:

*Eric the Red (Greenland

in CE 982).

*Leif Ericson (New

Foundland in CE 1000).


Successor states to the roman empire 500 ad

Settlements in Iceland,

Ireland, England, France, and

Russia.

Viking raids stopped. Why?

*Opponents responded

quicker.

*Agricultural output

increased.

*Converted to Christianity


Successor states to the roman empire 500 ad

Feudalism

Most people were farmers

who received protection

from wealthy landowners

in return for military

service or crops.





Successor states to the roman empire 500 ad

The High Middle

Ages

From AD 1000 to AD 1300

Agricultural improvements

led to more food

production.

Population increased.

Towns and trade grew.

Literacy increased.



Successor states to the roman empire 500 ad

The Christian

Church divided

Christian Church splits

(schism) into two

branches in AD 1054:

*Roman Catholic: Bishop

of Rome (Pope) is their

spiritual leader. Priests

cannot marry.





Successor states to the roman empire 500 ad

google.com

Eastern Orthodox:

Patriarch of

Constantinople is their

spiritual leader. Priests

can marry.



Successor states to the roman empire 500 ad

The Crusades

The Crusades (AD 1096

AD 1272) were military

attempts by Christians to

gain control of the Holy

Land (Palestine) from

Muslims.









Successor states to the roman empire 500 ad

Late Middle Ages

AD 1300-AD 1500

Black Death (1347-1351):

Bubonic Plague killed one

out of every three

Europeans.

Hundred Years’ War

(1337-1453): Series of

conflicts between France

and England.