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2009 MLA Style The Major Changes. Based on the Purdue OWL handout at http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/557/15/. New MLA is in many ways simpler…. No More Underlining! ITALICIZE titles of independently published works (books, periodicals, films, etc) No More URLs!
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2009 MLA StyleThe Major Changes Based on the Purdue OWL handout at http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/557/15/
New MLA is in many ways simpler… • No More Underlining! • ITALICIZE titles of independently published works (books, periodicals, films, etc) • No More URLs! • MLA only requires URLs when the citation information does not lead readers to locate the source easily • Issue and Volume numbers • Required for ALL scholarly journals, both continuous and non-continuously paginated
Pay Attention to. . . • Publication Medium • Every entry receives a medium of publication marker, generally Print or Web • Also possible: Performance, DVD, or TV • Location for Publication Medium Markers • At the end of entries • For Web sources: before the date of access • Library Database for Digitized Material • Include database name before publication medium marker
Pay Attention to. . . • Abbreviations for missing web information • When no publisher name appears on the website, write N.p. for no publisher given. • When sites omit a date of publication, write n.d. for no date. • For online journals that appear only online (no print version) or on databases that do not provide pagination, write n. pag. for no pagination.
Book Form • Remains the same except for italics and medium marker: Nosich, Gerald. Learning to Think Things Through: A Guide to Critical Thinking Across the Curriculum. 3rd ed. Upper Saddle River: Pearson, 2009. Print.
Scholarly Publication (Paper) • Include publication medium marker at the end • Include volume & issue numbers in ALL cases. Heck, Jean. “Establishing a Pecking Order for Finance Academics.” Review of Pacific Basin Financial Markets & Policies. 10.4 (2007): 479-90. Print.
Scholarly Publication: (Database/ Web) • Add medium of publication before the access date. • Include volume & issue numbers in ALL cases. Heck, Jean. “Establishing a Pecking Order for Finance Academics.” Review of Pacific Basin Financial Markets & Policies. 10.4 (2007): 479-90. EBSCOhost. Web. 13 Nov. 2009.
Article in an Online Magazine • Add the publication medium marker before the access date. • If no paging, insert “n. pag.” after the publication date in place of page numbers. Carr, Nicholas. “Is Google Making Us Stupid?” The Atlantic July/Aug. 2008. Web. 15 Sept. 2009.
Article on a Web Site • Omit the URL but the add the publication medium marker. Rubenstein, Joshua S. and David Meyer. “Is Multitasking More Efficient? Shifting Mental Gears Costs Time Especially When Shifting to Less Familiar Tasks.” APA Online. N.p. 2001. Web. 13 Nov. 2009. • If the site is hard to retrieve, add the URL for clarity: Lightman, Alan. “Prisoners of the Wired World.” 2002. CRTW 201.015 Course Webpage. Web. 15 Sept. 2009. <http://faculty.winthrop.edu/macric/CRTW_20201/ Prisoners.pdf>.