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Military Costs and Challenge of Total Force Management 13 October 2004 Jo A. Decker DCNO for Manpower & Personnel (N10) Chief of Naval Personnel. American Society of Military Comptrollers – Washington Luncheon. Agenda. Rising Military Personnel Costs Historical Perspective & Trends

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Military Costs


Challenge of Total Force Management

13 October 2004

Jo A. Decker

DCNO for Manpower & Personnel (N10)

Chief of Naval Personnel

American Society of Military Comptrollers – Washington Luncheon

  • Rising Military Personnel Costs
    • Historical Perspective & Trends
  • Total Force Management
    • Human Capital Strategy
    • Synchronization Challenge
  • MPN POM/Budget
    • Resourcing Process Deficiencies
    • Way Ahead
historical perspective
Historical Perspective
  • Before FY01
    • Deployments were well defined – 6 months every 18 months
      • Sea/Shore tours were 4 years at sea/ 3 years at shore
      • Enlisted ranks were flat at Top 6 of 69%
      • Retention was low and attrition high
  • Since FY01 - USS Cole incident, 9/11 attack, Afghan War, Operation Iraqi Freedom
    • Deployments as long as 10 months. Under Fleet Response Plan (FRP), deployments will vary in the future.
      • Sea/Shore tours are being lengthen – 5 years at sea/ 2 years at shore for junior enlisted
      • The need to increase retention and lower attrition, increased the need to increase Top 6, targeted pay raises, & incentive pays
military manpower requirements decreasing
Military Manpower Requirements Decreasing …

Glide Slope

370K Active members in PRESBUD 04

Glide Slope

357K Active members in PRESBUD 05

Current Glide Slope

348K Active members

Navy Active End Strength Profile

Reduction targeted against

Overhead and Shore Installations

average costs increasing
Average Costs Increasing . . .


AVF “Marketplace “ Fact of Life per capita Costs Increasing



result milpers share of navy toa largely unchanged
Result . . . MILPERS share of Navy TOA largely unchanged



MPN % of Navy TOA

The Opportunity Cost . . .

Navy Unable to invest in Recapitalization Requirements

navy manpower determination approximately 830 000 salaries
Navy Manpower DeterminationApproximately 830,000 Salaries

180,000 Contractors

48,000 Individuals Account (6%)

(Students, transients)

190,000 Civilian

214,000 Battle Forces (26%)

(Manpower Documents)

85,900 Reserve

568,000 Shore (68%)

(198,000 Military + 190,000 Civilian + 180,000 Contractor)

373,800 Active

  • Focusing Military on War Fighting
  • Concentrating on Shore Support Infrastructure
    • “Sea Enterprise” Efficiencies, Strategic Sourcing
total force past future
Total ForcePast & Future

Navy Post-Cold War Drawdown

39.9% Decrease

(- 531K)


32.5% Decrease

(- 87K)

DoN Civilian

39.5% Decrease

(- 127K)

Active and Reserve Military

42.8% Decrease

(- 317K)

strategic vision
Strategic Vision
  • Total Force Human Capital Strategy will deliver the right number of Navy team members.
  • Active duty uniformed strength represents just one component of the larger Navy human capital resource universe.
  • The Navy will leverage the human capital assets embedded in our active military, reservists, civilians, and contractors.
  • Must be accomplished in a fiscally responsible manner and within a Total Force context.
our human capital strategy
Our Human Capital Strategy
  • Moving toward a Sea-Centric, Forward-Deployed Force
    • Recruiting and Retention at All-Time Highs
    • Quality of Life and Service Critical
    • Revolution in Training for Highly Tuned Skill Sets
  • Significant cost-savings are in hand…more to come
    • Tools and processes for success
    • Free up military manpower
  • Sea Warrior Initiative
    • The Right Sailor with the Right Skills at the Right Time for the Right Job
    • Putting the Sailor First in the way we design, engineer, and operate our ships and aircraft

Re-shaping the Force…Reducing Costs…Winning the Battle for People

synchronization challenge
Synchronization Challenge
  • Policy changes are not instantaneous – time is required to properly reduce strength and synchronize targeted billets to targeted Strength
    • Funding cannot be removed until Work is eliminated, Strength reduced
    • Personnel reductions must be managed by community and Claimants
  • Bottom Line: Billet reductions must be synchronized with executable Strength and Funding profiles to achieve savings
mpn challenge
MPN $ Challenge

Current Business Processes are not Precise

  • Programming
    • Military manpower priced based upon averages of averages
    • Limited data to support decision making
  • Budgeting
    • MPN budget built on 12 to 24 month old data
    • Current methodology presumes Behavior and External Factors remain the same from year to year.
  • Execution
    • Each year on average requires significant reprogramming

Today’s legacy systems and methods are based on processes that have existed for 30 years


MPN $ Challenge

  • Transformation critical to:
    • Capture and use updated Fleet requirements as the basis for future Strength and Budget projections
    • Shift to more accurate HR and Pay data sources
    • Obtain more granular data with increased detail
    • Provide visibility into programming & budgeting assumptions
way ahead
Way Ahead

The Future

Step 1

Step 2

Step 3

  • Phased approach - manageable
  • Embraces FMMP/BMMP
  • Joint
  • Pilot enables choices/options
  • Builds functionality for the Future

Replace Manpower


& Budget Process

  • FMMP Focus
  • Shift to accurate data sources
  • Granular data for decision making

FY 2004

CFO Compliant

Execution Reports

Replace DFAS Legacy

Pay and Reporting

  • Forward Looking Focus
  • Use Navy NSIPS as source data for pilot to test & evaluate new financial accounting functionality
  • Build-Test COTS Financial Reporting System – CFO Compliant, Automated Data Entry
  • Enterprise Data Warehouse
  • Live Personnel Data
  • DFAS detailed pay reports
sea warrior key manpower enabler







Sea Warrior Delivers Readiness with a market based approach in a competitive environment







Sea Basing

Sea Shield

Sea Strike



Revolution in


Sea Warrior – Key Manpower Enabler

The best Sailor to the key assignment at the right time