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Middle Ages. Semester 1 – Day 58. Feudalism. After the death of Charlemagne the Carolingian Empire fell apart Europe invaded by Magyars, Muslims and Vikings The Vikings were given land to be known as Normandy and converted to Christianity. Feudalism (cont).

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Middle ages

Middle Ages

Semester 1 – Day 58


Feudalism
Feudalism

  • After the death of Charlemagne the Carolingian Empire fell apart

  • Europe invaded by Magyars, Muslims and Vikings

    • The Vikings were given land to be known as Normandy and converted to Christianity


Feudalism cont
Feudalism (cont)

  • For protection people turned to local landed aristocrats (nobles) to protect them

  • Powerful lords offer protection in exchange for service

    • Vassals would swear loyalty to leaders and fight for them

      • Transformed from foot soldiers to knights

      • Granted land in exchange for military service

      • The land grant was known as a fief

  • No single government


Nobility in the middle ages
Nobility in the Middle Ages

  • Society was dominated by men whose chief concern was warfare

  • Nobles were kings, dukes, counts, baron, bishops and archbishops; held political, economic and social power


Knighthood and chivalry
Knighthood and Chivalry

  • Knights went through years of training to be warriors on horseback

  • Knights were trained warriors

    • Trained through tournaments

    • Chivalry: knights code of ethics

  • Warfare during this time is very brutal

  • Songs and poems were written that glorified knights and chivalry: Song of Roland

    • Troubadours: traveling poet-musicians


Aristocratic women
Aristocratic Women

  • Could legally hold property

  • Most remained under control of men

  • Managed household when men were away

  • Most famous: Eleanor of Aquitaine

    • Heiress to duchy of Aquitaine

    • Married to Louis VII, king of France, at age 15

    • Annulled

    • Married King Henry II of England

    • Two of her sons became kings of England (John and Richard)


Peasant women
Peasant Women

  • Labored endlessly at home and in the fields

  • Very poor and powerless


Vocab assignment
Vocab Assignment




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