Territories -Hawaii American planters had organized the overthrow of the monarchy -Philippines War erupts over Philippine desire to be independent William H. Taft was first governor Becomes independent Nation -Puerto Rico became a territory of the U.S. and its people became citizens in 1917
Cuban Intervention Read US Policy in Puerto Rico and Cuba page 472-473 -Teller Amendment guaranteed Cuban Independence (473) -Platt Amendment gives U.S. certain interests in Cuba naval base
Teller and Platt Amendments • In April 1898 Senator Henry M. Teller (Colorado) proposed an amendment to the U.S. declaration of war against Spain which proclaimed that the United States would not establish permanent control over Cuba. It stated that the United States "hereby disclaims any disposition of intention to exercise sovereignty, jurisdiction, or control over said island except for pacification thereof, and asserts its determination, when that is accomplished, to leave the government and control of the island to its people." The Senate passed the amendment on April 19. True to the letter of the Teller Amendment, after Spanish troops left the island in 1898, the United States occupied Cuba until 1902. The Teller Amendment was succeeded by the Platt Amendment introduced by Senator Orville Platt (R-Connecticut) in February 1901. It allowed the United States "the right to intervene for the preservation of Cuban independence, the maintenance of a government adequate for the protection of life, property, and individual liberty..." The Platt Amendment was finally abrogated on May 29, 1934.
-Spheres of Influence in China by 1899 once-mighty China had fallen into political, economic and military disarray-rather than compete for China’s trade Britain, France, Germany, and Russia carved China into distinct Spheres of Influence-gave access to trade-Since the US didn’t have a zone this system of “special privileges” threatened to limit American trade in China (469) -Open Door Policy Notes as the Boxer Rebellion engulfed China, Secretary of State Hay reasserted America’s Open Door Policy-second note to European powers Hay stated that the US did not want colonies in China: it just wanted free trade there John Hay Secretary of State who issued the first of a series of notes to foreign diplomats in1899 Asked for access to China -Russo-Japanese War Japan wants to expand its influence in China-doesn’t like Russian troops in Manchuria-Japan attacks Russia’s Pacific fleet stationed in China-series of battles-never declared war (471) Asian Interests
Panama Canal Read Roosevelt Pursues “Big Stick” Diplomacy and America Builds the Panama Canal page 473 and 474 -Panama is part of Colombia (475) -U.S. tries to negotiate a canal treaty -Colombia refuses -Panama has a revolution backed by the U.S. -10 years of construction followed thousands died of accidents and disease to build the canal -Roosevelt’s Big Stick Foreign Policy
Panama Canal -Panama is part of Colombia (475) -U.S. tries to negotiate a canal treaty -Colombia refuses -Panama has a revolution backed by the U.S. -10 years of construction followed thousands died of accidents and disease to build the canal -Roosevelt’s Big Stick Foreign Policy
Foreign Policy Read Roosevelt Updates the Monroe Doctrine page 475-479 -Monroe Doctrine basis of U.S. policy -Roosevelt Corollary-(475) -U.S. will be only nation to intervene (Big Stick Politics) -Taft’s Dollar Diplomacy (477) -U.S. will use financial policies to influence -Wilson’s Missionary Diplomacy -U.S. refuses to negotiate with “illegal” gov’ts
Impact of Imperialism -U.S. is now a world power -debate over the moral and ethical idea of imperialism -anti-U.S. feelings around the world Philippines Latin America Mexico Read page 479 Pancho Villa Pancho Villa was a Mexican revolutionary leader who advocated for the poor and wanted agrarian reform. Though he was a killer, a bandit, and a revolutionary leader, many remember him as a folk hero. Pancho Villa was also responsible for a raid on Columbus, New Mexico in 1916, which was the first attack on U.S. soil since 1812.
Individual Assignment • Create a chart that shows U.S. Foreign Policy under each Presidency (Roosevelt, Taft, and Wilson) • Include the slogan, what it means and battles or conflicts during the time period • Must include Spheres of Influence, Boxer Rebellion, Open Door Policy, Russo-Japanese War, Gentleman’s Agreement, Platt and Teller Amendments, Panama Canal, Roosevelt Corollary, and “Pancho” Villa