John Ruskin 1819 - 1900. Sublime Nature. “ Forms which are not taken from nature must be ugly…”. Biography . John Ruskin was born in 1819 in southern London and was the only son of Margaret and John James Ruskin.
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The Lamp of Sacrifice
The Lamp of Truth
The Lamp of Power
The Lamp of Beauty
The Lamp of Life
The Lamp of Memory
The Lamp of Obedience
Conceptual scheme of The Seven Lamps of Architecture. Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism
Pierced ornaments from Lisieux, Bayeux, Verona, and Padua.
Here Ruskin refers to the vertical dimensions, symmetry to the horizontal; that proportion does not exist between equal things. You must have at least three things, one that is dominant over the others; symmetry is balancing equal quantities rather than mirroring the left side to the right side
“But symmetry is not abstraction. Leaves may be carved in the most regular order, and yet be meanly imitative; or, on the other hand, they maybe thrown wild and loose, and yet be highly architectural in their separate treatment
Portions of an arcade on the south side of the Cathedral of Ferrara.
The Crystal Palace was built from pre-fabricated iron and glass and so Ruskin felt that the worker couldn’t take pride in this building. To Ruskin, this was like “slavery”
In the sketch of sculptures, Ruskin is showing the time and craftsmanship that went into this Gothic Cathedral
The Industrial Revolution was very much disliked by Ruskin
Sculptures from the Cathedral of Rouen
Crystal Palace from the Great Exhibition of 1851