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Annual Fall Principals Conference October 20, 2008. Response to Instruction/Intervention (RTI): Where is Alaska?. Margaret MacKinnon, Alaska Department of Education & Early Development margaret.mackinnon@alaska.gov

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annual fall principals conference october 20 2008
Annual Fall Principals Conference

October 20, 2008

Response to Instruction/Intervention (RTI): Where is Alaska?

Margaret MacKinnon, Alaska Department of Education & Early Development margaret.mackinnon@alaska.gov

Jennifer Knutson, Anchorage School District knutson_jennifer@asdk12.org

alaska rti definition
Alaska RTI Definition

Response to Instruction/Intervention is the practice of providing high-quality instruction to all students, providing interventions matched to student need, monitoring progress frequently to make decisions about changes in instruction or goals and applying child response data to important educational decisions. It provides a framework to support all students using a tri-tiered triangle model that addresses both academic instruction and behavioral support (often referred to as Positive Behavioral Support, or PBS).

(Taken from the Alaska RTI Leadership Team Handout, 2008)

core assumptions of rti
Core Assumptions of RTI
  • that the educational system can effectively teach all children
  • that early intervention is critical to preventing problems from getting out of control
  • that the implementation of a multi-tiered service delivery model is necessary
  • that a problem solving model should be used to make decisions between tiers
  • that research based interventions should be implemented to the extent possible
  • that progress monitoring must be implemented to inform instruction
  • that data should drive decision making.

(National Association of State Directors of Special Education, 2005)

why rti
Why RTI?
  • “Imagine a time in the near future… when people speak matter-of-factly about how dropout rates and the achievement gap are shrinking, when record numbers of students are entering college, and when professors are noticing how much more intellectually fit each year’s freshmen have become. Imagine palpable, irrepressible hope emerging in our poor and urban schools. All of these improvements result from a new candor that has emerged in education and a willingness to see that historic improvement isn’t about “reform” but something much simpler: a tough, honest self-examination of the prevailing culture and practices of public schools, and a dramatic turn toward a singular and straightforward focus on instruction.”

Schmoker, Mike (2006) Results Now. Alexandria, VA: Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development

  • RTI provides a framework to focus appropriate instruction for all students: general education, remedial education & special education.
what is needed to make rti work
What is needed to make RTI work?
  • Strong instructional and collaborative leadership
    • The school building is the unit of change in RTI
  • Collaborative teaming
  • Ongoing professional development and coaching
  • Resources (i.e., people, materials)
  • Time (planning time, instructional time)
leadership for rti
Leadership for RTI
  • Focus on what is taught and how it is taught
  • Must have “a guaranteed and viable curriculum” (Marzano) that focuses on most essential standards
  • Equip and support collaborative teams to improve instruction and provide evidence of student learning
    • Mike Schmoker, Results Now
stages of rti implementation
Stages of RTI Implementation

Blueprint for RTI Implementation, NASDSE (2008)

  • Consensus Building
    • RTI concepts communicated broadly
    • Foundational “whys” are taught, discussed & embraced
  • Infrastructure Building
    • Buildings examine RTI components
    • Identify aspects being implemented and gaps
    • Develop a plan to close the practice gaps
  • Implementation
    • Supports and practices put into place to support, stabilize and institutionalize RTI practices

3-5 Years

slide8

RTI Configuration Map

Colorado Department of Education 2/14/05 http://www.cde.state.co.us/cdegen/RTI.htm

slide9

RTI Configuration Map

Colorado Department of Education 2/14/05 http://www.cde.state.co.us/cdegen/RTI.htm

rti alaska style

Tier

III

Intensified

Instruction

Tier II

Targeted

Instruction

ACADEMIC

BEHAVIOR

Tier I

Universal Instruction

RTI: Alaska Style
tier i universal instruction

ACADEMIC

BEHAVIOR

Tier I: Universal Instruction
  • MOST students
  • Universal instruction alone should meet the needs of approximately 80% of the student body
  • Reduce the number of new cases of identified academic and behavior problems…PREVENTION
tier i curriculum instruction

ACADEMIC

BEHAVIOR

Tier I Curriculum & Instruction
  • Scientifically research-based core instructional programs aligned to Alaska grade level expectations standards & school-wide positive behavior supports
  • Implemented with fidelity
    • School level (implementation of the process)
    • Teacher level (implementation of instruction)
  • Differentiated instruction
    • teaching flexibly and matching instruction to student need to maximize the potential of each student
tier i assessment

ACADEMIC

BEHAVIOR

Tier I Assessment
  • Universal/Benchmark Screening
    • School-wide
    • Identifies students who require further assessment
    • Administered a minimum of 3 times per year
    • Valid & reliable
    • Measures critical skills
    • Efficient (time & cost)
    • Repeatable
    • Sensitive to change over time
    • Standardized
tier ii targeted instruction

ACADEMIC

BEHAVIOR

Tier II: Targeted Instruction
  • SOME students
  • Of the 20% for whom benchmark prevention is not effective, approximately 10-15% will require strategic interventions in addition to the core curriculum
  • Reduce the number of existing kids at risk and lower the prevalence of identified problems
tier ii curriculum instruction

ACADEMIC

BEHAVIOR

Tier II Curriculum & Instruction

Core program/School-wide PBS

+

Supplemental intervention

  • Based on identified student needs as determined by assessment data
  • Targeted skill instruction
    • e.g., phonemic awareness, phonics, fluency, vocabulary, comprehension
  • Small group (e.g., 3-5 students)
  • Frequency of instruction
    • Short-term (e.g., 9-12 weeks)
    • Recommended 3-4 times per week for 30-60 minutes

Scientifically research-based

tier ii assessment

ACADEMIC

BEHAVIOR

Tier II Assessment
  • Benchmark/Universal screening
  • Progress monitoring…
    • Purpose: help determine whether students are responding adequately to targeted instruction
    • Frequency: 1-2 times per month
    • Progress monitoring tools must…
      • be standardized
      • have good reliability and validity
      • contain multiple forms
      • be sensitive to change over time
      • efficient and cost effective
      • informs instruction and planning
    • National Center on Student Progress Monitoring
tier iii intensified instruction

ACADEMIC

BEHAVIOR

Tier III: Intensified Instruction
  • FEW students
  • 1- 5% of children will require intensive intervention
  • Reduce the intensity and severity of chronic academic and/or behavior problems
  • May include, but is not limited to students eligible for special education services
tier iii curriculum instruction

ACADEMIC

BEHAVIOR

Tier III Curriculum & Instruction

Core program/School-wide PBS

OR

Replacement core programs/ Individual BIP

+

Targeted supplemental interventions

Instructional variables:

  • Explicit, systematic direct instruction
  • Immediate corrective feedback
  • Increased opportunities to respond/practice
  • Small group (e.g., 2-3 students) or individualized
  • Frequency of instruction (e.g., daily for 45-60 minutes; double-dose instruction)

Problem-Solving/Student Support Team to guide data-based instructional interventions

Scientifically research-based

tier iii assessment

ACADEMIC

BEHAVIOR

Tier III Assessment
  • Benchmark/Universal screening
  • Weekly progress monitoring
  • Individualized supplemental/diagnostic assessment to determine the problem and inform instruction/intervention
  • In some cases, comprehensive evaluation for special education services
alaska rti leadership team
Alaska RTI Leadership Team
  • Members from many organizations:
    • Alaska Department of education & Early Development
    • AAESP, AASSP, AASA
    • UAF, UAA, UAS
    • AK Comprehensive Center, AK Parent Training Institute, & Parent Information Resource Center
    • NEA-AK, ASPA, SESA, Gov’s Council
  • First meeting held in May, 2008
alaska rti leadership team goals
Alaska RTI Leadership Team Goals
  • Guidance for RTI will be developed for statewide use which will include: state definition, triangle model and language, key components, roles, procedures for moving from tier to tier, and federal regulations and funding.
  • A statewide survey of districts will be conducted to identify how RTI is being implemented and what expertise exists.
  • Resources will be identified and shared through the Alaska Comprehensive Center website at http://www.alaskacc.org/home
rti survey results24
RTI Survey Results
  • Survey on RTI knowledge & implementation sent to all districts September 2008
  • 222 survey responses received
  • 47 of 54 districts (87%) responded
  • 63.7% of respondents indicated “familiar” or “very familiar” with term RTI
funding options for rti
Funding Options for RTI
  • Title IA – may be used in targeted assistance (TA) schools if criteria to receive services is clearly defined; may be used in schoolwide (SW) schools to support the program in the SW plan
  • IDEA 15% may be used for early intervening services – can be used prior to identification of special ed
  • All federal funds used must meet program requirements and supplement, not supplant, state and local funds
alaska district resources
Alaska District Resources
  • Mat-Su Borough School District
    • Joe Gerard, Joe.Gerard@matsuk12.us
  • Kenai Peninsula Borough School District
    • Sandy Miller, smiller@kpbsd.k12.ak.us
    • Dave Legg, DLegg@KPBSD.k12.ak.us
  • Anchorage School District
    • Jennifer Knutson, knutson_jennifer@asdk12.org
  • Northwest Arctic School District
    • Linda Saito, lsaito1@nwarctic.org
alaska rti resources
Alaska RTI Resources
  • SERRC-Alaska’s Educational Resource Center
    • Teri Regan, Educational Specialist, terir@serrc.org
  • Special Education Service Agency (SESA)
    • Lyon Johnson, Education Specialist/PBIS Coordinator,

ljohnson@sesa.org (email), http://www.sesa.org/ (website)

  • Stone Soup Group
    • Pam Shackelford, Program Manager, Institute for Positive Behavioral Supports, http://www.stonesoupgroup.org/
  • EED website for RTI
    • http://www.eed.state.ak.us/nclb/RTI.html
  • EED website for DIASA (Data Interaction for AK Student Assessments
    • http://www.eed.state.ak.us/tls/assessment/drclinks.html
rti web resources
RTI Web Resources
  • District & School Blueprints for RTI Implementation
    • http://www.nasdse.org/
  • National Center on Response to Intervention
    • http://www.rti4success.org/
  • Center on Instruction
    • http://www.centeroninstruction.org/
  • National Research Center on Learning Disabilities
    • http://www.nrcld.org/index.html
  • National Center on Student Progress Monitoring
    • http://www.studentprogress.org/
rti web resources cont
RTI Web Resources cont.
  • Guidelines for Reviewing Reading & Professional Development Programs
    • http://www.fcrr.org/FCRRReports/guidelines.htm
  • What is Scientifically Based Research? A Guide for Teachers
    • http://www.nifl.gov/nifl/publications.html
  • Positive Behavioral Interventions and Supports
    • http://www.pbis.org/
  • Association for Positive Behavioral Support
    • http://www.apbs.org/