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PLAYING MAPMAKER. WHY WE START IN EUROPE. THE AXIS THEORY. Early civilization Spread along similar latitudes No need for new crop innovation Allows for other development. 500 BC – 180 BC. Empires aim for coastlines Easier to… Travel Attack Why not Pacific Ocean?.

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playing mapmaker

PLAYING MAPMAKER

WHY WE START IN EUROPE

the axis theory
THE AXIS THEORY
  • Early civilization
  • Spread along similar latitudes
  • No need for new crop innovation
    • Allows for other development
500 bc 180 bc
500 BC – 180 BC
  • Empires aim for coastlines
    • Easier to…
      • Travel
      • Attack
  • Why not Pacific Ocean?
what percentage of the world practices
What percentage of the world practices…
  • Islam?
  • Judaism?
  • Hinduism?
  • Christianity?
  • Buddhism?
  • Non-religion?
  • Atheism?
islam
ISLAM
  • HOW MANY GODS: 1 (Monotheistic)
  • SACRED TEXTS: Qu’ran
  • DIFFERENT SECTS: Sunni, Shi’ite
  • MAJOR LAWS: Five Pillars
          • Ritual prayer
          • Fasting
          • Pilgrimage to Mecca
          • Holy times/days to observe
  • LIFE AFTER DEATH: Re-birth
judaism
JUDAISM
  • HOW MANY GODS: 1 (Monotheistic)
  • SACRED TEXTS: Torah
  • DIFFERENT SECTS: Eastern/Western, Reform, Orthodox
  • MAJOR LAWS:
          • Kosher diet
          • Prayer through day
          • Ten Commandments
          • Holy days to observe
  • LIFE AFTER DEATH: Re-birth
map it
Map It!

Check out the map on the revival of religious conflict!

christianity
CHRISTIANITY
  • HOW MANY GODS: 1 (Monotheistic)
  • SACRED TEXTS: Bible
  • DIFFERENT SECTS: Catholic, Protestant,

Eastern Orthodox

  • MAJOR LAWS:
          • Holy days to observe
          • Ten Commandments
          • Important messages from Old and New Testaments of Bible
  • LIFE AFTER DEATH: Re-birth
buddhism
BUDDHISM
  • HOW MANY GODS: Not really god-fearing
  • SACRED TEXTS: Perfection of Wisdom Sutra?
  • DIFFERENT SECTS: Wide Way, Narrow Way
  • MAJOR LAWS: Four noble truths
          • Suffering
          • Morality/Enlightenment
          • Five precepts
  • LIFE AFTER DEATH: Reincarnation, ultimate goal of Nirvana
hinduism
HINDUISM
  • HOW MANY GODS: Several forms of gods (henotheistic)
  • SACRED TEXTS: Vedas
  • DIFFERENT SECTS: Shaktism, Vaishnavites, Shaivites
  • MAJOR LAWS:
          • Only enlightened if free from desires
          • Holy festivals
          • Pilgrimage to Ganges
  • LIFE AFTER DEATH: Reincarnation until karma liberates you from cycle
the renaissance

THE RENAISSANCE

LIGHTING UP THE DARK AGES

AD 1300-1550

i the where and why
I. The Where and Why…

A) Italy’s Advantages

  • Urban centers
  • Wealthy merchant class
  • Classical heritage

B) Vernacular

C) Petrarch

D) Famous writers

1) Machiavelli: The Prince

2) Boccaccio: The Decameron

3) Castiglione: The Courtier

ii golden age in art
II. Golden Age in Art
  • Secular ideas in art, literature
  • Individualism
  • Realism
    • Architecture
    • Sculpture
    • Painting

i. Perspective

iii the north
III. The North
  • Same trends in art, literature
  • Focus more on religion

1) Erasmus of Rotterdam

the reformation

THE REFORMATION

The Rise of Protestantism

AD 1300-1550

i stop the presses
I. Stop the Presses!
  • 1456: Johan Gutenburg invents printing press
  • Spreads Bible
  • Impact?
ii the case against the church
II. The Case Against the Church
  • 1517: Martin Luther writes 95 Theses against church, founds own religion (Lutheran)
    • Catholic church never recovers
    • “Justification by faith alone”
  • Lutheranism spreads
    • People like having CHOICE!!!
  • Figure 1: The guy we’re talking about
  • Figure 2: Not the guy we’re talking about
iii catholic response
III. Catholic Response
  • Re-establish authority
    • Inquisition
  • Continue losing power
  • Used to be unifying force in Europe
    • Euro states/regions start drifting apart
  • IS THIS REALLY HELPING?
slide38

With hocked gems financing himOur hero bravely defied all scornful laughterThat tried to prevent his schemeYour eyes deceive, he said,An egg,

Not a table,

Correctly typifies this unexplored domain.Now three sturdy sisters sought proofForging along sometimes through calm vastnessYet more often over turbulent peaks and valleysDays became weeksAs many doubters spread fearful rumoursAbout the edgeAt last from nowhere winged creatures appearedSignifying momentous success.

exploration

EXPLORATION

Leaving Europe

AD 1492-1700

i why explore
I. Why Explore?

A) THE THREE “G”s:

  • God
  • Gold
  • Glory
ii side track
II. Side Track!

Figure 1: Early Japanese Samurai

  • China, Japan, India developing civilizations in East Asia
  • Lose desire to communicate with West
  • Slowly fall behind developmental curve

Figure 2: Last Samurai

Figure 3: Dwarfing Columbus

rise of the modern powers

RISE OF THE MODERN POWERS

Leaving Europe

AD 1492-1700

i the standings in 1550
I. THE STANDINGS IN 1550
  • Spain
    • Most powerful country in world
    • Dominates almost all of the Americas
  • Portugal
    • Second biggest empire
    • Groundbreaking maritime
  • England, France constantly fight each other
    • Germany, Italy divided
ii the standings in 1700
II. THE STANDINGS IN 1700
  • England
    • Navy grows stronger
    • Empire now on all continents
    • Constitution, Bill of Rights
  • France
    • Most powerful in Europe
    • King Louis XIV makes sure people know it
  • Portugal/Spain falling behind
iii a girl a girl in charge
III. A Girl? A GIRL In Charge?!?!?!
  • Elizabeth I: English queen 1558-1603
    • Dad is Henry VIII
  • First powerful female Euro monarch
  • Very powerful
    • Fights off major enemies
    • Begins building English empire
iv livin big in france
IV. Livin’ Big in France
  • Louis XIV: The Sun King
  • Rules France 1643-1715
  • Very extravagant life, very poor country
  • Lives at Versailles
  • Figure 1: Nice legs!
v a king and his court
V. A King and His Court
  • Builds Versailles to show glory of monarch
  • Nobility lives there, attends to him in court rituals
  • Lavish lifestyle
    • Nobility and royalty don’t pay taxes
money talks

MONEY TALKS

The Cost of Building Versailles

clip it up
CLIP IT UP!

CHECK OUT THE FILM CLIP THAT SHOWS WHAT LIFE IS LIKE AT VERSAILLES!

39:00

cost of versailles
COST OF VERSAILLES

LOW-END ESTIMATE: $2 billion

WHAT COULD YOU BUY WITH $2 BILLION?

pay alex rodriguez
PAY ALEX RODRIGUEZ
  • 10-year, $275 million contract (including $30 million dollar bonus if he breaks the all-time home run record)
  • Highest-paid player in sports history
buy a gulfstream jet
BUY A GULFSTREAM JET
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OPEN 50 NEW MCDONALD’S
  • $955,500 apiece
  • Comes with everything
lebron james mansion
LEBRON JAMES’ MANSION
  • $2.1 million
  • Build one in each state
build a baseball stadium
BUILD A BASEBALL STADIUM
  • $346 million
  • Holds 40,000+ people, home of the Phillies
10 bugatti veyrons
10 Bugatti Veyrons
  • $1.7 million per car
  • World’s most expensive car
  • Can reach 253 mph
build your own theme park
BUILD YOUR OWN THEME PARK
  • $250 million
  • Excitement, thrills…and ALL YOURS!
a playstation 3 and 500 games for you and every other student at west
A PLAYSTATION 3 AND 500 GAMES FOR YOU AND EVERY OTHER STUDENT AT WEST!!!
  • Roughly $300 per unit
  • Average $40-50 per game
full tuition at america s most expensive college
FULL TUITION AT AMERICA’S MOST EXPENSIVE COLLEGE
  • Sarah Lawrence University (Bronxville, NY)
  • You could meet them!!! 
buy the arizona cardinals
BUY THE ARIZONA CARDINALS
  • $789 million
  • Great quarterback, wide receivers
  • No guarantee that they’ll win…