MEDICAL TERMINOLOGY
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MEDICAL TERMINOLOGY T. Sanaa Abdel Hamed. OBJECTIVES. At the end of this lecture, you should able to: Explain the functions of the digestive system. Label a diagram of the digestive system. Identify and use the roots pertaining to the digestive system.

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Medical terminology t sanaa abdel hamed

MEDICAL TERMINOLOGY

T. Sanaa Abdel Hamed


Objectives
OBJECTIVES

At the end of this lecture, you should able to:

  • Explain the functions of the digestive system.

  • Label a diagram of the digestive system.

  • Identify and use the roots pertaining to the digestive system.

  • Describe the major disorders of the digestive system.

  • Interpret abbreviations used in referring to the gastrointestinal system.

  • Define medical terms used in reference to the digestive system.

  • Analyze case studies concerning gastroenterology.


Terms related to the d s

TERMS RELATED TO THE D.S.

1. Anus (n) (ay-nus): opening at the lower end of the digestive tract (system), through which faeces are discharged. The combining forms an/o and proct/o both mean the anus.

Anal – adj

Anally – adverb


Medical terminology t sanaa abdel hamed
2.Rectal(adj) (rek-t’l) pertaining to the rectum. The combining form is rect/o.Rectum – noun.rectally – adverb.


Medical terminology t sanaa abdel hamed

3. appendix (n) (a-pn-diks): the short thin blind-ended tube, 2-20 cm long that is attached to the end of the caecum. The combining form appendic/o means appendix.appendiceal - adj


Medical terminology t sanaa abdel hamed

4.colon(n) ( koh-lon): the main part of the large intestine, running from the caecum at the end of the small intestine to the rectum. The combining formscol/o andcolon/omean colon and large intestine. Colonic – adj


Colitis n means inflammation of the colon
Colitis(n) means inflammation of the colon.


Medical terminology t sanaa abdel hamed
Colonoscopymeans visual examination of the inside of the colon, using a colonoscope passed through the rectum.


Medical terminology t sanaa abdel hamed

5. Duodenum (n) ( dew-o-deen-um): first of the three parts of small intestine. The combining form duoden/o means duodenum.Duodenal – adj


Medical terminology t sanaa abdel hamed

6.enteral(adj) (en-ter-al): means pertaining to the intestine.enterally (adverb)Intestine (noun)♣enteritis: inflammation of the small intestine.


Medical terminology t sanaa abdel hamed

7. Gall bladder (n) (gawl-blad-er) pear-shaped sac located under the liver. The combining form chole/omeans bile or gall, andcyst/o means cyst or sac filled with fluid.♣Cholecystectomy: surgical removal of the gall bladder.


Medical terminology t sanaa abdel hamed

8.gastric(adj) (gas-trik) pertaining to the stomach.♣Gastroenterologist: doctor who specializes in the diseases of the stomach and intestine.♣Gastroscopy: visual examination of the stomach.


Medical terminology t sanaa abdel hamed

9.Ileum(n) (il-ium): the lowest of the three portions of the small intestine, between jejunum and caecum.Ileal – adj (il-i-al)♣ileectomy: surgical removal of the ileum or part of the ileum.


Medical terminology t sanaa abdel hamed

10.liver(n) large organ in the upper part of the abdomen. The combining formhepat/o means liver.hepatic – adj.♣Hepatitis: inflammation of the liver.


Medical terminology t sanaa abdel hamed

11. Pancreas(n) (pank-ri-as): gland which lies across the back of the upper abdomen. The combining form is pancreat/o.Pancreatic – adj.


Medical terminology t sanaa abdel hamed

12. Todigest(v) means to break down the food in the alimentary tract and to convert it into elements which are absorbed into the body.digestive – adjdigestion – noundigestible – adj (can be digested)


Medical terminology t sanaa abdel hamed
13.Buccal(adj) (buk-al): usually pertaining to the inside of the cheek. The combining formbucc/omeans cheek.


Medical terminology t sanaa abdel hamed

14.Dentistry(n) (den-tist-ri): a branch of medicine which deals with teeth and gums. The combining formdent/omeans teeth.Dental – adj


Medical terminology t sanaa abdel hamed

Dentist: doctor who specializes in treating disorders of the teeth.♣Dentition (n) (den-tish-on) means the number, type and arrangement of teeth as a whole in the mouth.


Denture n den cher means a set of false teeth fixed to a plate which fits inside the mouth
Denture (n) (den-cher) means a set of false teeth, fixed to a plate which fits inside the mouth.


15 to extract v eks trakt means to pull out a tooth for example extraction noun
15. to extract(v) (eks-trakt) means to pull out (a tooth for example).extraction – noun


16 gingiva n jin jiv a means gum gingival adj gingivitis inflammation of the gums
16.gingiva(n) (jin-jiv-a) means gum.Gingival – adj♣gingivitis: inflammation of the gums.


Medical terminology t sanaa abdel hamed

17.Labial(adj) (lay-bi-al) pertaining to the lips or to the labium. The combining forms labi/oandcheil/omean lips.Lips – nounLabium – noun


Medical terminology t sanaa abdel hamed

labioplasty:

surgical repair of injury or deformity of the lips.


18 lingual adj ling wal pertaining to the tongue l ingu o and gloss o both mean tongue
18.Lingual(adj) (ling-wal) pertaining to the tongue. lingu/o and gloss/oboth mean tongue.


Medical terminology t sanaa abdel hamed
19. Oesophagus(n) (ee-sof-a-gus) from the pharynx to the stomach. The combining form isoesophag/o.oesophageal – adj


Medical terminology t sanaa abdel hamed
20.Pharyngeal(adj)(fa-rin-jee-al) pertaining to the pharynx.♣ Pharyngitis(n) inflammatioon of the pharynx. Pharynx – noun.


Medical terminology t sanaa abdel hamed

21.Oral (adj) pertaining to the mouth. The combining form or/omeans the mouth. Mouth – noun.orally – adverb.22. Stoma (n) (stoh-ma) means mouth. The combining form is stomat/o.stomal– adj.♣Stomatitis: (n) inflammation of the mouth.


Medical terminology t sanaa abdel hamed

23. Palate(n) (pal-at): roof of the mouth. The combining form is palat/o.Palatine – adj.♣Palatoplasty: surgical repair of the roof of the mouth.


24 saliva n secretions from the salivary glands
24.Saliva(n) secretions from the salivary glands.