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in South East Europe 2008. Pierre Guislain Director, Investment Climate Department and General Manager FIAS July 14 th , 2008 Bitola. Doing Business project. 2008. Update of 2007 Add 3 countries Reformer’s Club: 11 case studies. 2007. 2009. Starting a business

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slide1

in South East Europe 2008

Pierre Guislain

Director, Investment Climate Department and General Manager FIAS

July 14th, 2008

Bitola

doing business project
Doing Business project

2008

  • Update of 2007
  • Add 3 countries
  • Reformer’s Club:
    • 11 case studies

2007

2009

  • Starting a business
  • Dealing with licenses
  • Employing workers
  • Registering property
  • Getting credit
  • Protecting investors
  • Paying taxes
  • Trading across borders
  • Enforcing contracts
  • Closing a business
  • Update of 2008
  • Research program on regulation and business opportunities for women
  • FDI indicator
south east europe countries among the world s top reformers in db 2008
South East Europe countries among the world’s top reformers in DB 2008

1.Egypt

2.Croatia

3.Ghana

4.Macedonia FYR

5.Georgia

6.Colombia

7.Saudi Arabia

8.Kenya

9.China

10.Bulgaria

Starting a business

Dealing with licenses

Employing workers

Registering property

Getting credit

Protecting investors

Paying taxes

Trading across borders

Enforcing contracts

Closing a business

slide4

Subnational Doing Business project

  • Expands Doing Business indicators beyond the most populous city

1. Diagnostic tool

2. Reform instrument

  • Creates baseline
  • Allows local and global benchmarking
  • Puts regulatory reform on political agenda
  • Links national and local reform efforts
  • Comparisons within cities are strong drivers of reform
  • Uncovers bottlenecks and local good practices
  • Promotes peer to peer learning
  • Actively involves local governments and other reform stakeholders

1. Diagnostic tool

2. Reform instrument

3. M&E device

3. M&E device

  • Measures progress over time
  • Creates an incentive to maintain reform effort even when governments change
  • High media appeal
doing business in south east europe
Doing Business in South East Europe

Prizren

Priština

Šibenik

Osijek

Varaždin

Zagreb

22 cities covered, 6 of which are also covered by the global Doing Business report

  • Indicators:
  • Starting a Business
  • Registering Property
  • Construction Licenses
  • Enforcing Contracts

Zrenjanin

Kruševac

Užice

Vranje

Belgrade

Banja Luka

Mostar

Sarajevo

*

Pljevlja

Nikšić

Podgorica

Bitola

Skopje

Shkodra

Vlora

Tirana

*Under UN Security Council Resolution 1244 (1999), Kosovo is administered by the United Nations Interim Administration Mission in Kosovo (UNMIK).

time to start a business days
Time to start a business (days)

Denmark

(6 days)

Slovakia

(25 days)

Slovenia

(60 days)

days to deal with construction licenses
Days to deal with construction licenses

United States

(40 days)

OECD average

(153 days)

Ukraine

(429 days)

land registries main bottleneck to registering property
Land registries- main bottleneck to registering property

350

300

250

307

days

150

100

100

days

50

0

Mostar

8 procedures, 145 days

Sarajevo

7 procedures, 331 days

Time to register property in Bosnia and Herzegovina (days)

Apply for registration

at the land registry

Others

days to enforce a contract
Days to enforce a contract

Regional average

573 days to enforce a contract

SEE Average

World’s best

Hong Kong- 211 days

World’s slowest

Timor Leste- 1800 days

cost to enforce a contract of the claim
Cost to enforce a contract (% of the claim)

Uganda

(45%)

Regional average

Latin America

(31%)

Germany (12%)

slide14
A hypothetical city “Zlatnic” would rank 9th out of 178 economies if regional best practices were adopted
slide15

Doing Business in Mexico 2006, 2007 and 2008: sustained development results

  • Great initial impact: Political support for reform efforts has continued even after two rounds of local elections and one presidential election since first benchmark.
priorities for reform in south east europe
Priorities for Reform in South East Europe
  • Business Registration
    • Eliminate minimum capital requirement
    • Allow business start-up online
  • Property Registration
    • Introduce fixed fees
    • Make registries electronic
  • Construction Licensing
    • Consolidate project clearances
    • Make licensing applications and processing electronic
  • Contract Enforcement
    • Introduce/improve case management system
    • Improve enforcement
business entry reforms more businesses
Business entry reforms = more businesses

Business Density

(registered firms per capita)

Business Entry

(new firms in % of registered firms)

Most difficult

Most difficult

Easiest

Easiest

Countries ranked by ease of doing business, quintiles

Source: Doing Business database

which means more formal employment
…Which means more formal employment

Informal Sector

(% of GDP)

Unemployment

(% of labor force)

Most difficult

Most difficult

Easiest

Easiest

Countries ranked by ease of doing business, quintiles

Source: Doing Business database, WDI

world bank group supports reforms in areas covered by the subnational doing business project
World Bank Group supports reforms in areas covered by the Subnational Doing Business Project

World Bank ● FIAS/IFC Advisory Services

building on our sub national competitiveness work
Building on our sub-national competitiveness work
  • Ongoing
    • Institutionalizing reform
      • Streamlining procedures and regulatory reform process
    • Building capacity of sustainable implementation within municipalities
    • Network of policy makers
      • Building constituencies for reform
      • Facilitating peer-to-peer learning
      • Capacity building and introduction of good practice discussion
      • Linking with the networks outside the region
  • Planned
    • Possible scale-up and roll-out
      • Second round of municipalities
      • New countries as interests grows across the region
slide22

Thank you/ Hvala/ Faleminderit/ Blagodaram

Doing Business

http://subnational.doingbusiness.org

top 30 on the ease of doing business 2007
Top 30 on the Ease of Doing Business — 2007

75. Macedonia, FYR

81. Montenegro

86. Serbia

97. Croatia

105. Bosnia and Herzegovina

136. Albania

slide25

Subnational Doing Business has projects all around the globe

Countries: 32

Cities: 230

2005

2006

2007

2008

potential for improvement in ranking within the region
Potential for improvement in ranking within the region

DB 2008 ranking

After adopting all best practices

Canada – 7

Ireland – 8

Australia – 9

Global Rank: 9

Poland – 74

Russia – 106

Ukraine – 139

South East Europe ranks: 75 - 136