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Environmental Remediation Sciences Division (ERSD). BERAC Meeting May 14-15, 2007. Environmental Remediation Sciences Division (ERSD) (~$80M). Fundamental research for DOE environmental problems Supports a research program and a national scientific user facility:.

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environmental remediation sciences division ersd 80m
Environmental Remediation Sciences Division (ERSD) (~$80M)

Fundamental research for DOE environmental problems Supports a research program and a national scientific user facility:

Environmental Molecular Sciences Laboratory (EMSL)

$36M

Environmental Remediation Sciences Program

$44M

The William R. Wiley Environmental Molecular Sciences Laboratory (EMSL), a U.S. Department of Energy national scientific user facility located at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) in Richland, Washington provides integrated experimental and computational resources for discovery and technological innovation in the environmental molecular sciences to support the needs of DOE and the nation.

  • Processes that control contaminant mobility
  • Focus on DOE-relevant metals and radionuclides
ersd staff
ERSD Staff
  • Todd Anderson – Program Manger Field Biology/ Microbiology
  • Paul Bayer – Program Manager/Acting Division Director Environmental Science/EMSL
  • Roland Hirsch – Program Manager* Chemistry, Synchrotron science
  • Arthur Katz – Program Manager* Biomolecular science
  • Mike Kuperberg – Program Manager/Acting Division Director Biology
  • Kim Laing – Program Support Specialist
  • David Lesmes – Program Manager Geosciences
  • Teresa Fryberger - resigned
  • Judy Nusbaum - Secretary (retired)
  • Secretary position being filled
performance monitoring
Performance Monitoring
  • Long-term measure
    • “By 2015, provide sufficient scientific understanding such that DOE sites would be able to incorporate coupled physical, chemical and biological processes into decision making for environmental remediation and long-term stewardship”
  • Annual Target
    • FY 2007: Implement a field-oriented, integrated experimental research program to quantify coupled processes that control reactive transport of at least one key DOE contaminant
  • Quarterly Milestones
ersp accomplishments
John Zachara – PNNL

2007 DOE E.O. Lawrence Award (April 2007)

Tommy Phelps – ORNL/Allison Campbell - EMSL

R&D 100 Awards NanoFermentation/Surface-induced mineralization

Dave Watson et al. – ORNL

Bioremediation research at the Oak Ridge Field Research Center (FRC) featured on January 24, 2007 Modern Marvels show on the History Channel

Dave Clark & Dave Janecky – LANL

Physics Today - Science based cleanup of Rocky Flats

Wei-Min Wu et al. - Stanford

ES&T (x2) – Field-scale uranium bioremediation experiments at Oak Ridge FRC

Brian Spalding, Dave Watson – ORNL

ES&T - Measurement of dissolved gases

Liu et al. – University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign

PNAS – DNA-based uranium sensor

Yuri Gorby – PNNL/Venter Institute

PNAS - Electrically conductive bacterial nanowires

J Chen, Susan Hubbard, Phil Jardine, Dave Watson et al.

Water Resources Research - Joint hydrogeophysical inversion approach applied to a contaminated fractured aquifer

Terry Hazen-LBNL, Martin Keller-ORNL, et al.

AEM - Environmental Whole-Genome Amplification

ERSP Accomplishments
emsl accomplishments
EMSL Accomplishments
  • EMSL Researcher, Yanwen Zhang, selected for Presidential Early Career Award for Scientists and Engineers in June 2006 for research on ion-beam physics and ion-solid interactions
  • EMSL scientists use three of EMSL’s portable mass spectrometers to participate in study of hydrocarbon/aerosol interactions during the September 2006 Atmospheric Sciences Program field campaign in Houston, Texas
  • Long-time EMSL user from Washington Statue University, Lai-Sheng Wang, received the Humboldt Research Award for leading-edge research in nanocluster research (nanoscale cages of gold atoms)
  • Canned nuclear waste cooks its container” (Ian Farnan et al., Cambridge University, Nature News 1/10/07)
  • EMSL’s mass spectrometry capabilities used for three large-scale proteomics studies by different teams of users on a range of life forms - vaccina virus, Rhodobacter sphaeroides, and mouse brain cells
  • Fomer EMSL Director, Jean Futrell, awarded 2007 ACS Award for Outstanding Achievement in Mass Spectrometry
  • EMSL Science Facility Lead, Roy Gephart, selected as part of an 8-member U.S. team to participate in a joint U.S. National Academy of Sciences/Russian Academy of Sciences workshop focused on identifying cleanup issues at six Russian sites
  • October 1, 2007 - celebrating 10th anniversary of operations
slide7

U.S. Department of Energy

Science Across Scales – new awards

Office of Science

SciDAC and other Modeling efforts

Integrated Field Challenges (IFC’s)Oak Ridge Y-12, Old Rifle, CO UMTRA site, Hanford 300 AreaColumn studies and small field testsP-based U immobilization, U reduction/re-oxidationmechanisms, Pu mobility in sediments, isotopeanalyses, TEP injection study, Sr immobilization

Pore scaleNucleation/dissolution processes, U and Tcpore-scale mass transfer and flow and transport modeling

Microscopic/Microorganism Scalein situ genomics/proteomics, in situ metagenomicsnovel isolation techniques, stable carbon isotopes in silico metabolic modeling, coupled to reactive transport modeling

MolecularSolid and aqueous phase contaminant speciation,mineral phase transitions, contaminantsequestration mechanisms, nature of the mineral-water interface.

slide8

Environmental Remediation Science Program

FY 2006 Research Solicitation (Notice 06-12)

  • Summary of Notice 06-12 (ERSP Notice)
    • -Received over 180 proposed projects
    • - Peer reviewed (mail and panel reviews)
    • - Processing of awards and declinations are complete
    • - Funding process was complicated by FY07 budget delay
      • Science Elements
      • Subsurface Biogeochemistry (12)
      • Subsurface Microbial Ecology and Community Dynamics (10)
      • Innovative Field Scale Remediation Concepts and Long Term

Stewardship Research (7)

      • Novel Measurement and Monitoring Concepts (4)
      • Exploratory Research (7)

Total of 40 awards

(~20% success rate for full proposals)

slide9

Environmental Remediation Science Program

Integrative Field-Scale Subsurface Research Challenge (IFC)

(Notice 06-16)

  • Status of Notice 06-16 (IFC Notice)
    • -Received 5 proposed projects
    • - Selected 3 projects for funding ($3M/year for 5 years)
      • New IFC sites
      • - Oak Ridge Y-12 Site (P. Jardine, ORNL)
      • U, Tc & co-contaminants, interfaces, natural attenuation
      • - Old Rifle, Colorado UMTRA site (P. Long, PNNL)
      • U, bioimmobilization, environmental proteomics, redox
      • monitoring, Office of Legacy Management (LM)
      • - Hanford 300 Area (J. Zachara, PNNL)
      • U, river interface, polyphosphate, Office of Environmental
      • Management (EM)
  • IFCs intended to be a resource for the ERSP

- Advance subsurface science and make significant progress in

understanding contaminant transport processes.

- Enable laboratory research with natural media.

- Enable the testing of laboratory-derived hypotheses in the field.

slide10

Multi-Scale Mass Transfer Processes Controlling Natural Attenuation and Engineered Remediation: An IFC Focused on Hanford’s 300 Area Uranium Plume

Principal Investigator:

John Zachara, Ph.D.

Pacific Northwest National Laboratory

Field Site Manager:

Mark Freshley

Pacific Northwest National Laboratory

Co-Principal Investigators:

Gary Andersen (LBNL),

James McKinley (PNNL),

Don DePaolo (LBNL),

Mark Rockhold (PNNL),

James Fredrickson (PNNL),

Yoram Rubin (U. CA/Berkeley)

Roy Haggerty (Oregon State U.),

Jim Szecsody (PNNL),

Douglas Kent (USGS),

Roelof Versteeg (INL),

Alan Konopka (Purdue U.),

Andy Ward (PNNL),

Peter Lichtner (LANL),

Bruce Williams (PNNL),

Chongxuan Liu (PNNL),

Chunmiao Zheng (U. Alabama)

Experimental Test Plot at the Hanford 300 Area

Proposed design of the field experimental plot in the North end of the 300 Area.

Characterization wells are drilled to 10’ and finished at 4’. Monitoring wells are drilled to

4-6’ and finished at 2’. Seasonal water table gradients and flow paths are noted.

slide11

Multiscale Investigations on the Rates and Mechanisms of Targeted Immobilization and Natural Attenuation of Metal, Radionuclide and Co-Contaminants in the Subsurface

Principal Investigator:

Philip M. Jardine, Ph.D.

Oak Ridge National Laboratory

Field Site Manager:

David B. Watson

Oak Ridge National Laboratory

Co-Principal Investigators:

Susan Hubbard (LBNL),

Craig Criddle (Stanford U.),

Joel Kostka (FSU),

Jack Parker ORNL),

Gregory Baker (UTK),

Craig Brandt (ORNL),

Scott Brooks (ORNL),

Baohua Gu (ORNL),

Ken Kemner (ANL),

Peter Kitanidis (Stanford U.),

Anthony Palumbo (ORNL),

Chris Schadt (ORNL),

Brian Spalding (ORNL),

Amy Wolfe (ORNL),

Wei-min Wu (Stanford U.),

Jizhong Zhou (OU)

Experimental Test Plot at the Oak Ridge Y-12 Area

slide12

Microbiological, Geochemical and Hydrologic Processes Controlling Uranium Mobility: An Integrated Field-ScaleSubsurface Research Challenge Site at Rifle, Colorado

Experimental Test Plot at the Old Rifle UMTRA site in Rifle, CO

Principal Investigator:

Philip E. Long

Pacific Northwest National Laboratory

Field Site Manager and co-Manager:

Richard Dayvault

Stan Morrison

SM Stoller-DOE Grand Junction Office

Co-Principal Investigators:

Jill Banfield (UC/Berkeley),

Darrell Chandler (Akonni Biosystems),

Jim Davis (USGS),

Bob Hettich (ORNL),

Peter Jaffe (Princeton U.),

Lee Kerkhof (Rutgers U.),

Ravi Kukkadapu (PNNL),

Mary Lipton (PNNL),

Aaron Peacock (UTK),

Nathan VerBerkmoes (ORNL),

Kenneth H. Williams (LBNL),

Steve Yabusaki (PNNL)

slide13

Environmental Remediation Science Program

(Notice 07-18)

  • Similar themes
  • University Leads only
  • Collaborations encouraged
  • Only Lead PI need submit
  • Received 117 Proposals
  • Reviews in July/ Awards in FY 2008
william r wiley environmental molecular sciences laboratory emsl
William R. Wiley Environmental Molecular Sciences Laboratory (EMSL)
  • National Scientific User Facility at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory
  • $36M annual operating budget
  • Intensive work among BER and Pacific Northwest Site Office (PNSO) and PNNL/EMSL in response to recent reviews (Action Plan)
  • EMSL Strategic Plan, Science Themes, Management and Operational procedures, User outreach, and coordinated BER/PNSO/EMSL management oversight
  • Capital Equipment refresh (~$75M over five years) aligned with EMSL’s Science Themes (e.g., Field Emission TEM, Complex Oxide Synthesis, Next Generation Mass Spectrometer)
  • Next generation supercomputer under procurement
what s next
What’s Next?
  • Review and fund 07-18 proposals (university-led only)
  • Work with national labs to implement the new Scientific Focus Area (SFA) approach
  • Continue BER/PNSO/EMSL management oversight of EMSL
    • Science directions, operations and the user program
    • Maintain close oversight of the EMSL Capital Equipment refresh
    • Project management oversight of the procurement, delivery and operation (FY08) of the next generation supercomputer
  • Prepare for Committee of Visitors for ERSD (Fall 2007)
  • Review of PNNL Stretch Goal performance with BERAC